Cedar Creek Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Cedar Creek of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization[1] during the campaign.[2] The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of the Shenandoah[edit]

MG Philip Sheridan, Commanding
MG Horatio Wright[3]


Escort:

  • 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry (detachment): Maj Weidner H. Spera
  • 6th U. S. Cavalry: Cpt Ira W. Claffin

VI Corps[edit]

BG James B. Ricketts (w)
BG George W. Getty
MG Horatio Wright


Escort: 1st Michigan Cavalry, Company G: Lieutenant William H. Wheeler

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Frank Wheaton

1st Brigade

   Col William Henry Penrose (w)
   Ltc Edward L. Campbell (w)
   Cpt Baldwin Hufty

  • 4th New Jersey: Cpt Baldwin Hufty
  • 10th New Jersey: Maj Lambert Boeman (k), Cpt Charles D. Claypool
  • 15th New Jersey: Ltc Edward L. Campbell, Cpt James W. Penrose
2nd Brigade

   Col Joseph Eldridge Hamblin (w)
   Col Ranald S. Mackenzie (w)
   Ltc Egbert Olcott

  • 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery: Col Ranald S. Mackenzie, Maj Edward W. Jones
  • 65th New York: Ltc T. H. Higginbotham (k), Cpt Henry C. Fisk
  • 121st New York: Ltc Egbert Olcott, Cpt Daniel D. Jackson
  • 95th Pennsylvania: Cpt Dan Harper
  • 96th Pennsylvania: Cpt Dan Harper
3rd Brigade[4]

   Col Oliver Edwards

  • 37th Massachusetts: Ltc George L. Montague
  • 49th Pennsylvania: Ltc Baynton J. Hickman
  • 82nd Pennsylvania: Col Isaac C. Bassett
  • 119th Pennsylvania: Ltc Gideon Clark
  • 2nd Rhode Island (battalion): Cpt Elisha Hunt Rhodes
  • 5th Wisconsin (battalion): Maj Charles W. Kempf
  • 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry: Maj Coe Durland

Second Division


     BG George W. Getty
     BG Lewis A. Grant
     BG George W. Getty

1st Brigade

   Col James M. Warner

2nd Brigade

   BG Lewis A. Grant
   Ltc Amasa Tracy
   BG Lewis A. Grant

3rd Brigade

   BG Daniel D. Bidwell (k)
   Ltc Winsor B. French

Third Division


     Col J. Warren Keifer

1st Brigade

   Col William Emerson

2nd Brigade

   Col William H. Ball

Artillery Brigade

   Col Charles H. Tompkins

XIX Corps[edit]

BG William H. Emory

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG James W. McMillan

1st Brigade

   Col Edwin P. Davis

2nd Brigade

   Col Stephen Thomas

3rd Brigade[6]

   Col Leonard D. H. Currie

  • 30th Maine: Col Thomas H. Hubbard
  • 133rd New York: Maj Anthony J. Allaire
  • 162nd New York: Col Justus W. Blanchard
  • 165th New York (six companies): Ltc Gouverneur Carr
  • 173rd New York: Majr George W. Rogers
Division Artillery

Second Division


     BG Cuvier Grover (w)
     BG Henry W. Birge

1st Brigade

   BG Henry W. Birge
   Col Thomas W. Porter

2nd Brigade

   Col Edward L. Molineux

3rd Brigade

   Col Daniel Macauley (w)
   Ltc Alfred Neafie

  • 38th Massachusetts: Maj Charles F. Allen
  • 128th New York: Cpt Charles R. Anderson
  • 156th New York: Ltc Alfred Neafie, Cpt Alfred Cooley
  • 175th New York (battalion): Cpt Charles McCarthey
  • 176th New York: Maj Charles Lewis
4th Brigade

   Col David Shunk

  • 8th Indiana: Ltc Alexander J. Kenny (w), Maj John R. Polk
  • 18th Indiana: Ltc William S. Charles (w)
  • 24th Iowa: Ltc John Q. Wilds (mw), Maj Edward Wright (w), Cpt Leander Clark
  • 28th Iowa: Ltc Bartholomew W. Wilson (w), Maj John Meyer
Division Artillery
Reserve Artillery

   Maj Albert W. Bradbury

Army of West Virginia (VIII Corps)[edit]

BG George Crook[7]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     Col Joseph Thoburn (k)
     Col Thomas M. Harris

1st Brigade

   Ltc Thomas F. Wildes

  • 34th Massachusetts: Cpt Andrew Potter
  • 2nd Battalion, 5th New York Heavy Artillery: Cpt Frederick C. Wilkie
  • 116th Ohio: Cpt Wilbert B. Teters (w), Cpt John Hull
  • 123rd Ohio: Maj Horace Kellog
2nd Brigade[4]

   Colonel William B. Curtis

  • 1st West Virginia: Ltc Jacob Weddle
  • 4th West Virginia: Cpt Benjamin D. Boswell
  • 12th West Virginia: Ltc Robert S. Northcott
3rd Brigade

   Col Thomas M. Harris
   Col Milton Wells (w)

Second Division


     Col Rutherford B. Hayes

1st Brigade

   Col Hiram F. Devol

2nd Brigade

   Ltc Benjamin F. Coates

Artillery

Artillery Brigade

   Cpt Henry A. du Pont

Provisional Division[9][10]


     Col J. Howard Kitching (mw)
     Col Wilhelm Heine

1st Brigade

   Col Wilhelm Heine
   Ltc Thompson D. Hart

2nd Brigade

   Ltc G. DePeyster Arden

  • 41st New York Infantry: Ltc Detleo Von Einseidel
  • 10th New York Heavy Artillery: Ltc DePeyster Arden

Cavalry Corps[edit]

BG Alfred T. A. Torbert

Escort:    1st Rhode Island: Maj William H. Turner, jr.

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Wesley Merritt

1st Brigade

   Col James H. Kidd

2nd Brigade

   Col Thomas C. Devin

  • 4th New York Cavalry:[11] Maj Edward Schwartz
  • 6th New York Cavalry: Cpt George E. Farmer
  • 9th New York Cavalry: Col George S. Nichols
  • 19th New York Cavalry (1st New York Dragoons): Col Alfred Gibbs
  • Batteries K & L, 1st US Artillery: Lt Franck E. Taylor
Reserve Brigade

   Col Charles Russell Lowell (mw)
   Ltc Caspar Crowninshield

Second Division[12]


     Col William H. Powell

1st Brigade

   Col Alpheus S. Moore

2nd Brigade

   Col Henry Capehart

Division Artillery
  • Battery L, 5th U.S. Artillery: Lt Gulian V. Weir

Third Division


     BG George Armstrong Custer

1st Brigade

   Col Alexander Cummings McWhorter Pennington, Jr.

2nd Brigade

   Col William Wells

Horse Artillery
  • Batteries B & L, 2nd U.S. Artillery: Cpt Charles H. Peirce
  • Batteries C, F & K, 3rd U.S. Artillery: Cpt Dunbar R. Ransom

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLIII, Part 1, pages 125-130
  3. ^ Commanded during General Sheridan's temporary absence is the early part of the battle.
  4. ^ a b c At Winchester, Va., and not engaged in the battle.
  5. ^ Corps officer of the day at the beginning of the battle; later rejoined brigade and commanded the left of its line.
  6. ^ Guarding wagon trains, and not engaged in the battle.
  7. ^ Welcher, The Union Army, 1861–1865 Organization and Operations. Vol. 1, p. 420 notes that Crook's army consisted in part of troops that formerly belonged to the VIII Corps, of the Middle Department, so that name was sometimes used because it was less cumbersome than Army of West Virginia. The official name of the organization, established by order on August 8, 1864, was Army of West Virginia. Lewis, The Guns of Cedar Creek, p. 107, notes that this grand title disguised the fact that the 4,000 men of the so-called army were the approximate size of a Union division, and their two constituent divisions were actually brigade-sized and led by colonels.
  8. ^ Corps officer of the day.
  9. ^ Dyer page 410
  10. ^ Only a small detachment from the First Brigade,and the 6th New York Heavy Artillery, from the Second Brigade, engaged in the battle
  11. ^ Detailed for duty at General Sheridan's headquarters.
  12. ^ From Department of West Virginia.

References[edit]

  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
  • Dyer, Frederick H., A compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Volume 1, 1908, Des Moines IA