Cehegín

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cehegín
Casco Antiguo de Cehegín, Murcia.jpg
Flag of Cehegín
Flag
Coat of arms of Cehegín
Coat of arms
Cehegín is located in Spain
Cehegín
Cehegín
Location of Cehegín within Spain / Murcia
Cehegín is located in Murcia
Cehegín
Cehegín
Cehegín (Murcia)
Cehegín is located in Europe
Cehegín
Cehegín
Cehegín (Europe)
Coordinates: 38°05′33″N 1°47′56″W / 38.09250°N 1.79889°W / 38.09250; -1.79889Coordinates: 38°05′33″N 1°47′56″W / 38.09250°N 1.79889°W / 38.09250; -1.79889
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Murcia
ComarcaComarca del Noroeste
Towns (pedanias)
Government
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • BodyAyuntamiento de Cehegín
 • MayorJosé Rafael Rocamora Gabarrón (2015) (PSRM-PSOE)
Area
 • Total292.7 km2 (113.0 sq mi)
Elevation
570 m (1,870 ft)
Population
(2016) INE
 • Total15,321
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ceheginero-ra (es)
Time zoneCET (GMT +1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (GMT +2)
Postcode
30430

Cehegín (Spanish: [θe(e)ˈxin]) is a town and municipality in the Comarca del Noroeste of the autonomous community of the Region of Murcia, Spain, situated some 66 km from the city of Murcia. It has a population of approximately 16,248 with 8227 males and 8021 females.[1] It is crossed by the rivers Argos and Quipar.

Agriculture & Business[edit]

The area has traditionally been an important source of marble, particularly red marble, which is exported as far afield as Japan and Argentina. Agriculture has also been important, with apricot and peach grown on irrigated soils, and olive, almond and vines grown on the drier land. Recent years have seen an increase in the cultivation of flowers under plastic poly-tunnels. Much of the local produce is pulped into fruit juices in canning facilities in the town. Local businesses include lawyers' offices, bakeries and construction.[2]

History[edit]

The name Cehegín is sometimes connected by Spanish historians with that of the Zenaga, Senhaja or Senajeli, a North African tribe, which invaded Spain in the 11th century.[3] The whole of this territory is layer upon layer of all the various cultures that established themselves here, the first settlers going back to 2400 BC. Reconquered by Alphonse VI with 1,000 horsemen and 11,000 infantrymen, Cehegín is one vast hilltop monument.

Cave paintings at Peña Rubia, a few kilometers outside the town, attest to the area being settled during pre-historic times. The town of Begastri, now abandoned, was settled during the later Bronze Age and was an important town during the time that the region was occupied by the Romans and the Visigoths. With the arrival of the Moors, the town center shifted to its present location at Cehegin. Remains of the Moorish city walls can still be seen, for example at the "Puerta de Caravaca." The Archaeological Museum can also be found in the Old Town, where the exhibition include also small fragment of Attic red-figured pottery dated to the 4th century BC.[4]

Many conquistadores returned from South America with their riches and built large manorial houses in the Old Town. The Old Town has been revitalised recently by an influx of foreign (mainly British) buyers, who have renovated many of the older properties that were falling into disrepair.

Before it was given the name Cehegín, the town was called Bigastro (not to be confused with the district of Bigastro in the Valencian Community) and began to be an episcopal see when the bishop of Cartagena fled there after the Visigothic king Suintila (c. 588 – 633/635) destroyed that city. It remained a bishopric until Bigastro in its turn was destroyed by Arabs at the end of the 7th century.[5] No longer a residential diocese, Bigastro is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[6]

The pilgrimage town of Caravaca de la Cruz is located about 5 minutes west of Cehegín. Access to the town from Murcia was much improved by the construction of the C415 motorway in the late 1990s.

Governing Cabinet[7][edit]

Members of the governing cabinet include

  • José Soria García: President
  • Gregorio Morales Hernández: First Deputy Mayor and Councillor of Town planning, Industry, Financial Promotion, Patrimony and Hiring.
  • Francisco Abril Ruiz: Second Deputy Mayor and Councillor of Communication, Tourism, Youth Association, Celebrations and New Technologies.
  • María Dolores Carrasco López: Third Deputy Mayor and Councillor of Public Safety and Environment.
  • María Isabel Martínez Martínez: Fourth Deputy Mayor and Councillor of Social Services, Staff and Internal Rules.
  • Nicolás del Toro Navarro: Fifth Deputy Mayor and Councillor of Education and Culture.

Demographics[edit]

Evolution of the population of Cehegin throughout the 20th century

Like most towns in the region, Cehegín experienced a big demographic increase until 1940. Right after that there was a notable decline in the 1940s and 1960s, followed by a phase of stability. The current trend is clear growth, but the number of cehegineros who emigrate to other countries is still high.

In the district of Valentín (546 inhabitants) an important socio-economic change has taken place with the strong boom experienced by the semi-handicraft industry of clay pottery, destined mainly for export.

Evolution of Cehegín's Population Throughout the 20th Century[8]
1857 1887 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1991 2001 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2014
8.710 10.417 11.601 13.313 13.684 15.403 17.316 15.830 15.928 12.489 13.365 13.271 14.383 15.798 16.235 16.299 16.286 16.267 15.955

Economy[edit]

In the 50's, still in postwar period, one of the most important activities of the town consisted in the cultivation and work of hemp to make handmade footwear, known as "alpargatas" in local slang.

In agriculture, the olive, almond and vineyard have predominated in the dry land, and apricot and peach in irrigation; what allowed from the decade of the 70's to consolidate a strong industrial fabric manufacturing canner. Some of the most important factories of the time were: Los Isidros, Los Hernández, La Verja or Cofrutos (the latter is still in full operation). This sector gave way in later years to the boom of the marble industry since the town had marble quarries (mainly red marble limestone). This made it possible to strategically place different treatment plants for the mineral, which has been an important engine of development for the local economy for years, although in recent years the economic crisis of 2007 has forced to reduce and drastically modify the templates of these plants.

Cehegín also has a large area of mountains, with the Aleppo pine as the main tree.

In the hamlet of Canara, right next to Cehegín, there has been a great increase in the cultivation of flowers under greenhouse, mainly carnation , gladiolus and chrysanthemum.

Mercadillos (street markets)[edit]

  • On the last Sunday of each month, the Plaza del Castillo hosts the El Mesoncico craft market , where more than fifty artisans from the area come together to offer their products, sausages, ceramics, sweets, soaps, wines, cheeses, etc.
  • Also, the second-hand market and antiquities are held in the odd months, which takes place on the plains of the old Cehegín Train Station.

Historical-artistic patrimony[edit]

  • Church of Santa María Magdalena :

Crowning the Plaza de la Constitución, an emblematic place of incomparable beauty within the old town of Cehegín, is the Church of the Magdalena, a work attributed to Jerónimo Quijano . It is the most remarkable building within the ceheginero religious patrimony and the most characteristic, since it is the one that draws the silhouette of this town. His works began in the sixteenth century and ended unfinished until the end of the seventeenth century.

It was declared a cultural interest with a monument category by Royal Decree on July 2, 1982; It is also declared a National Monument.

  • Church of Solitude :

The Church of La Soledad is a temple with a basilical plan. Located on the hill on which the old town of Cehegín is developed, and specifically on the west side, on the course of the Argos River. It is part of the perspective of the historical set of Cehegín, in the panoramic view from the road that joins this town with Caravaca de la Cruz.

Building of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century, renovated in the eighteenth, composed of different areas between which we can distinguish the temple itself, the bell tower, the dressing room of the Virgin and the santero house.

Filmography[edit]

In the summer of 2013 the film "Ambel: La Película" was filmed in this town, directed by ceheginero José María López Oñate, 4th year student of Audiovisual Communication. Account, also, with Elvira Avilés in production direction, Antonio Guillén in post-production direction and Antonio José Ruiz Alguacil, scriptwriter and head of the acting direction.

The idea of making this feature comes from a group of university friends. It tells the story of Martin de Ambel and Bernad, whom, for killing the Alférez Mayor de la Villa, Don Alonso de Góngora in a duel, is imprisoned. After spending two years locked up in Granada, Martín is granted to return to Cehegín, with the condition that Martín de Ambel can not leave the Ermita de la Concepción. During the 38 years he spends there, not a single day will go by without the suffering and nightmares that his act will entail. "Ambel is a story of honor and blood.''

This film was budgeted for 400,000 euros, however, it has managed to shoot for 28,000 euros budget thanks to the help and selfless work of many people, as well as financial support through crowdfunding, merchandising, and contributions from the town hall. [9] [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "INE 2012 Demography Report". Instituto Nacional de Estadistica. 2012-01-01. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
  2. ^ "Spain Cehegín Business Directory". Zocator.es. 2013-07-04. Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
  3. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cehegín" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ https://www.academia.edu/1537693/A_proposito_di_un_frammento_di_ceramica_attica_figurata_de_Begastri
  5. ^ De la Iglesia de Bigastro, in España Sagrada, vol. VII, Madrid 1750, pp. 123–133
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 850
  7. ^ "Cehegín Governing Members". Web oficial de Cehegín. 2013-07-04. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
  8. ^ Fuente: Población de hecho según el Instituto Nacional de Estadística de España. Alteraciones de los municipios en los Censos de Población desde 1842, Series de población de los municipios de España desde 1996.
  9. ^ http://www.kifund.com/es/project/ambel-la-pelicula%7Ct%C3%ADtulo=
  10. ^ http://www.laopiniondemurcia.es/murcia/2013/07/12/grupo-estudiantes-ucam-ruedan-cehegin/483176.html

External links[edit]