Celestial Empire

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For the clipper ship, see Celestial Empire (clipper).

The Celestial Empire was a name used to refer to China. It was a translation of Tianchao (Chinese: 天朝; pinyin: Tiāncháo), a name for China.[1] Accordingly, the name "Celestial" was used to refer to Chinese emigrants to the United States, Canada, and Australia during the 19th century.[2] Both terms were widely used in the English-language popular mass media of the day,[3][4] but have fallen into disuse later on.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Chances in China; Standard Oil Man Says Celestial Kingdom Needs Much American Funds". The New York Times. February 15, 1914. 
  2. ^ "Celestial" capitalized (Celestial Empire, old name for China): of or relating to China or the Chinese Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  3. ^ "The Wyoming Massacre," New York Times (1857-Current file); 6 September 1885; pg. 7, ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851 - 2003). Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  4. ^ "The Chinese Massacre," The National Police Gazette, September 19, 1885, no. 418, pg 2.