Celestial was a term referring to Chinese emigrants to the United States, Canada, and Australia during the 19th century. The term was widely used in the popular mass media of the day. The term is from Celestial Empire (Tianxia, Chinese: 天朝; pinyin: Tiāncháo) a traditional name for China.
- "Celestial" capitalized (Celestial Empire, old name for China): of or relating to China or the Chinese Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
- "The Wyoming Massacre," New York Times (1857-Current file); 6 September 1885; pg. 7, ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851 - 2003). Retrieved 12 March 2007.
- "The Chinese Massacre," The National Police Gazette, September 19, 1885, no. 418, pg 2.
- "Chances in China; Standard Oil Man Says Celestial Kingdom Needs Much American Funds". The New York Times. February 15, 1914.
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