Union of Democrats and Independents – UC
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The Union of Democrats and Independents – UC (French: Union des Démocrates et Indépendants - UC, UDI-UC) is a centrist parliamentary group in the French Senate that was founded in 1986. In January 2013, the UDI-UC group had 32 Senators.
Upon creation of the UDF in 1978, an intergroup was formed joining members of the Centrist Union of Progressive Democrats (UCDP) and the Independent Republicans (RI) group. The creation of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) in 2002 led to a split in the UDF between those who stayed in the UDF and those who joined the UMP. The group formed by the remaining UDF Senators took the name Centrist Union.
In May 2009, the group was composed of 29 Senators:
- Nicolas About (Yvelines, Democratic Movement (MoDem), President
- Jean-Paul Amoudry (Haute-Savoie, New Centre)
- Jean Arthuis (Mayenne, Centrist Alliance)
- Denis Badré (Hauts-de-Seine, MoDem)
- Claude Biwer (Meuse, New Centre), Vice-President
- Didier Borotra (Pyrénées-Atlantiques, MoDem)
- Jean Boyer (Haute-Loire, New Centre), Vice President
- Marcel Deneux (Somme, MoDem)
- Yves Détraigne (Marne, Centrist Alliance)
- Muguette Dini (Rhône, Centrist Alliance)
- Daniel Dubois (Somme, New Centre), Vice President
- Jean-Léonce Dupont (Calvados, New Centre), Vice President
- Pierre Fauchon (Loir-et-Cher, New Centre)
- Françoise Férat (Marne, Centrist Alliance), Vice President
- Christian Gaudin (Maine-et-Loire, New Centre)
- Adrien Giraud (Mayotte, Centrist Alliance)
- Nathalie Goulet (Orne, Independent)
- Jacqueline Gourault (Loir-et-Cher, MoDem), Vice President
- Jean-Jacques Jégou (Val-de-Marne, MoDem)
- Joseph Kergueris (Morbihan, Centrist Alliance)
- Hervé Maurey (Calvados, New Centre)
- Jean-Claude Merceron (Vendée, Centrist Alliance)
- Catherine Morin-Desailly (Seine-Maritime, New Centre)
- Anne-Marie Payet (La Réunion, Centrist Alliance)
- Jean-Jacques Pignard (Rhône, New Centre)
- Yves Pozzo di Borgo (Paris, New Centre)
- Daniel Soulage (Lot-et-Garonne, Centrist Alliance), Vice President
- Jean-Marie Vanlerenberghe (Pas-de-Calais, MoDem)
- François Zocchetto (Mayenne, Centrist Alliance)
- Gisèle Gautier (Loire-Atlantique) joined the Union for a Popular Movement on January 8, 2007.
- Valérie Létard (Nord, New Centre) was named Secretary of State for Solidarity on June 19, 2007. Béatrice Descamps (UMP) succeeded her.
- Maurice Blin (Ardennes) resigned on July 4, 2007. Marc Laménie (UMP) succeeded him.
- Philippe Arnaud (Charente, MoDem), Philippe Nogrix (Ille-et-Vilaine, MoDem) were defeated in the 2008 Senate elections.
- André Vallet (Bouches-du-Rhône, MoDem) retired before the 2008 Senate elections.
- Michel Mercier (Rhône, MoDem), former President of the group, joined the cabinet on June 23, 2009.
- 1986-1993: Daniel Hoeffel
- 1993-1998: Maurice Blin
- 1998-2002: Jean Arthuis
- 2002: Xavier de Villepin
- 2002-2009: Michel Mercier
- 2009-2011: Nicolas About
- 2011–present: François Zocchetto
- 1986–2011: Centrist Union (Union Centriste, UC)
- From 2011: Centrist and Republican Union (Union Centriste et Républicaine, UCR)
- (French) Official website
Chronology of the Centrist groups in the Senate
|Popular Republicans and Democratic Centre
|Centrist Union of Progressive Democrats
|Centrist and Republican Union