Cephas & Wiggins
Cephas & Wiggins were an American acoustic blues duo, composed of the guitarist John Cephas (September 4, 1930 – March 4, 2009) and the harmonica player Phil Wiggins (born May 8, 1954). They were known for playing Piedmont blues.
Both musicians were born in Washington D.C. Cephas, who was 24 years older than Wiggins, grew up in Bowling Green, Virginia. They first met at a jam session at the Smithsonian's Festival of American Folklife in 1976 and played together in Wilbert "Big Chief" Ellis's band. When Ellis died, they decided to continue as a duo.
In 1980, Cephas & Wiggins were recorded by the German archivists Siegfried Christmann and Axel Küstner. These recordings, their first as a duo, were released the following year as a part of the Living Country Blues USA series on the German label L+R. They also appeared around Washington, D.C., with the Travelling Blues Workshop, which included John Jackson, Archie Edwards, Flora Molton, and Mother Scott.
Their first U.S. release, the album Dog Days of August, was issued by Flying Fish Records in 1986. Two more albums followed from Flying Fish. After they left the label, they released one album for the New York–based Chesky Records and four albums for Alligator Records. They released the album Richmond Blues on Folkways Records in 2008.
Until the late 1980s, Cephas made his primary living as a carpenter at the D.C. National Armory, playing music on the side. In the 1990s, he became a professional musician, sometimes earning money by teaching classes and workshops.
As a duo, they toured extensively, primarily courtesy of the sponsorship of the United States Department of State. They performed together across the USA, as well as in Africa, Asia, South and Central America, and the Soviet Union.
Cephas was a recipient of a 1989 National Heritage Fellowship awarded by the National Endowment for the Arts, which is the United States government's highest honor in the folk and traditional arts. In 2017, Wiggins received a National Heritage Fellowship as well. Wiggins received the State of Maryland Heritage Award in 2021.
Awards and honors
- 1987 Blues Music Awards, Entertainer of the Year Award winners
- 1988 Washington DC Mayor's Arts Award for Cephas
- 1989 National Heritage Fellowship for Cephas
- 1990 Blues Music Awards, Traditional Blues Album (Guitar Man) winners
- Between 1995 and 2007, eleven Blues Music Award/W.C. Handy Blues Award nominations for Cephas & Wiggins in the Acoustic Album, Acoustic Artist, and Traditional Blues Album categories
- 2017 National Heritage Fellowship for Wiggins
- Living Country Blues USA, vol. 1, (L+R, 1981)
- Sweet Bitter Blues, (L+R, 1984, reissued by Evidence, 1994)
- Let It Roll: Bowling Green, (Marimac, 1985)
- Dog Days of August, (Flying Fish, 1986)
- Guitar Man, (Flying Fish, 1987)
- Walking Blues, (Marimac, 1988)
- Flip, Flop & Fly, (Flying Fish, 1992)
- Bluesmen, (Chesky, 1993)
- Cool Down, (Alligator, 1996)
- Homemade, (Alligator, 1999)
- Somebody Told the Truth, (Alligator, 2002)
- Shoulder to Shoulder, (Alligator, 2006)
- Richmond Blues, (Smithsonian Folkways, 2008)
- Goin' down the Road Feelin' Bad, 1998 (Evidence), compilation of L+R material
- From Richmond to Atlanta, 2000 (Rounder), compilation of Flying Fish material
- Richard Skelly. "John Cephas | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Jay Smith (March 5, 2009). "John Cephas Dies". Pollstar. Archived from the original on March 7, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- "Phil Wiggins | Biography". AllMusic. May 8, 1954. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 100. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Pearson, Barry Lee. "Cephas & Wiggins | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Liner notes to Sweet Bitter Blues.
- Liner notes to Goin' Down the Road Feelin' Bad.
- Wirz, Stefan. "Illustrated L + R (Lippmann + Rau) Records (blues) discography". Wirz.de. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Seida, Linda. "Archie Edwards biography". Allmusic.com. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Wiggins, Phil (2020). Sweet bitter blues : Washington, DC's homemade blues. Frank Matheis, Elijah Wald. Jackson. ISBN 1-4968-2696-5. OCLC 1125132186.
- "John Cephas: Piedmont Blues Guitarist/Singer". www.arts.gov. National Endowment for the Arts. n.d. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
- Govenar, Alan, ed. (2001). "John Cephas: African American Piedmont Blues Guitarist and Singer". Masters of Traditional Arts: A Biographical Dictionary. vol. 1 (A-J). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio. pp. 115–117. ISBN 1576072401. OCLC 47644303.
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- "NEA National Heritage Fellowships 1989". www.arts.gov. National Endowment for the Arts. Archived from the original on August 4, 2020. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
- "NEA National Heritage Fellowships 2017". www.arts.gov. National Endowment for the Arts. Archived from the original on October 1, 2020. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
- "State of Maryland Announces 2021 Heritage Award Winners | Maryland State Arts Council". msac.org. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
- Sisario, Ben (March 7, 2009). "John Cephas, Guitarist with the Duo Cephas and Wiggins, Dies at 78". New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Greenwood Guides to American Roots Music. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-313-34423-7. OCLC 820450820.
- "Award Winners and Nominees [search]". blues.org. The Blues Foundation. 2017. Retrieved January 5, 2018.