Château de Saint-Ulrich
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Château de Saint-Ulrich|
Château de Saint-Ulrich seen from the neighbouring Château du Girsberg
The Château de Saint-Ulrich (also known as the Château de Grand-Ribeaupierre) is one of three castles (with the Girsberg and the Haut-Ribeaupierre) which overlooks the commune of Ribeauvillé in the Haut-Rhin département of France. It is situated at an altitude of 528 m.
The present name of the site is from the chapel dedicated to Saint Ulrich of Augsburg which is found in the castle. Medieval texts never gave the present name - the castle had the name of the Rappolstein dynasty (or Ribeaupierre in the French style).
From the 11th to the 16th centuries, the castle was the principal residence of the powerful lords of Ribeaupierre. There must have been another castle on the same site which belonged in 1114 to the Bishop of Basle. It was occupied militarily by Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, who used it as a strongpoint in his war against the Eguisheims. It was then returned to the Bishop of Basle who restored it to the Ribeaupierres. Anselme II de Ribeaupierre, who chased the other members of the family from the castle, successfully survived two sieges, in 1287 by Rudolph I of Germany and, in 1293, his successor Adolf. A celebrated crimal, Dame Cunégonde d'Hungersheim, was incarcerated in the keep and tried to escape with the aid of a guard.
The castle is a very fine example of the military architecture of Alsace in the Middle Ages, including a keep erected in the 12th century and a residence with chimney of the 12th century. In the 13th century, the salle des chevaliers (knights' hall) was decorated with nine beautiful windows in the Romanesque style which can still be seen. In the same period (1435), the chapel dedicated to Saint Ulrich, Bishop of Augsburg, was built.
The castle today
The visible remains date from several epochs:
- 12th century : Square keep and the corps de logis
- 13th century : Salle des chevaliers, and the residential tower
- 14th century : Barbican and outer enceinte
- 15th century: Chapel (Saint-Ulrich)
The legend of the mortal arrow
Two Ribeaupierre brothers, one living in the château de Saint-Ulrich, the other in Girsberg, had agreed to go hunting the next day. They had arranged a signal: the first to wake would fire an arrow at the other's shutters. The Saint-Ulrich brother awoke first and shot an arrow towards his brother's shutters. But the latter, at the moment the arrow arrived, opened his shutters. He died, his heart pierced.
- Braun, Jean, Circuit des châteaux forts d'Alsace - Ingersheim : éd. SAEP, 1978 - collection Delta 2000.
- Carmona Christophe & Trendel, Guy, Les Châteaux autour de Ribeauvillé et Ricquewihr - Sarreguemines, éd. Pierron, 2001 - collection Les Châteaux des Vosges : histoire, architecture, légendes n°7.
- Mengus, Nicolas, Au temps des châteaux forts en Alsace - Strasbourg, éd. Coprur, 2004.
- Salch, Charles-Laurent, Nouveau dictionnaire des châteaux Forts d'Alsace, Alsatia, 1991.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Château de Saint-Ulrich.|