Charaxes brutus

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White-barred emperor
Charaxes brutus natalensis.jpg
Charaxes brutus natalensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Charaxes
Species: C. brutus
Binomial name
Charaxes brutus
(Cramer, [1779])[1]
  • Papilio brutus Cramer, 1779
  • Papilio cajus Herbst, 1790
  • Charaxes brutus alcyone f. nigribasalis Sevastopulo, 1973
  • Charaxes brutus angustus f. fractifascia Le Cerf, 1923
  • Charaxes brutus angustus ab. nigrescens Le Moult, 1933
  • Charaxes brutus var. natalensis Staudinger, 1885

Charaxes brutus, the white-barred emperor or white-barred Charaxes, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Africa (see subspecies section for detailed information).


Average wingspan is 60–75 mm in males and 75–90 mm in females. Flight period is year-round.[2]


A full description is given by Rothschild, W. And Jordan, K., 1900 Novitates Zoologicae Volume 7:287-524. [1] page 429 et seq. (for terms see Novitates Zoologicae Volume 5:545-601 [2])

Life history[edit]

The larvae feed on Grewia species, Entandrophagma delevoi, Trichilia dregeana, Blighia unifugata, Melai azedarach, Trichilia emetica, and Ekebergia capensis.[2][3]


The following subspecies are recognised:

  • C. b. brutus (Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, western Nigeria)
  • C. b. alcyone Stoneham, 1943 (Kenya: east of Rift Valley, northern and eastern Tanzania)
  • C. b. angustus Rothschild, 1900 (Eastern Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Congo, Northern Angola, Zaire, West Uganda)
  • C. b. natalensis Staudinger, 1885 (South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania)
  • C. b. roberti Turlin, 1987 (Pemba Island)


The members of the Charaxes jasius group are:


  1. ^ Afrotropical Butterflies: File H - Charaxinae - Tribe Charaxini
  2. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  3. ^ "Charaxes Ochsenheimer, 1816" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  • Victor Gurney Logan Van Someren (1970). Revisional notes on African Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part VI. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 197-250.[3]

External links[edit]