Charaxes ethalion

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Satyr emperor
Novitates Zoologicae1900PlateXII, Charaxes ethalion, ♀, b.jpg
Novitates Zoologicae1900PlateXII, Charaxes ethalion, ♀, a.jpg
Two female specimens
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Charaxes
Species: C. ethalion
Binomial name
Charaxes ethalion
(Boisduval, 1847)
Synonyms
  • Nymphalis ethalion Boisduval, 1847
  • Nymphalis erithalion Doubleday, 1849
  • Charaxes rosae Butler, 1895
  • Charaxes ethalion f. swynnertoni Poulton, 1919
  • Charaxes ethalion ethalion f. aurantimacula van Someren, 1967
  • Charaxes ethalion nyassana f. cithaeronides van Someren, 1967
  • Charaxes ethalion nyassana f. suppressa van Someren, 1967
  • Charaxes ethalion nyassana f. imitans van Someren, 1967
  • Charaxes ethalion nyasana van Someren, 1967
  • Charaxes ethalion nyassana f. demaculata van Someren, 1967
  • Charaxes ethalion nyasicus van Someren, 1975
  • Charaxes etheocles f. ethalionoides Carpenter, 1945
  • Charaxes ethalion f. howardi van Someren and Jackson, 1952

Charaxes ethalion, the satyr emperor or satyr charaxes, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in southern Africa.[1]

The wingspan is 45–55 mm in males and 50–63 mm in females.[2]

Larvae feed on Albizia spp., Peltophorum africanum, Dichrostachys cinerea, Acacia ataxacantha, and Scutia myrtina.[1][2]

Subspecies[edit]

Male C. e. ethalion at Cumberland Nature Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal

Listed alphabetically:[1]

  • C. e. binghami Henning, 1982 (Zambia, northern Zimbabwe)
  • C. e. ethalion Boisduval, 1847 (Mozambique, eastern Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa: Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal)
  • C. e. fisheri Henning, 1982 (Zambia: north to the southern part of Lake Tanganyika)
  • C. e. handmani Henning, 1982 (Malawi: south to the Mlanje district)
  • C. e. kikuyuensis van Someren, 1967 (Kenya: highlands east of the Rift Valley)
  • C. e. kitungulensis Strand, 1911 (Tanzania, Malawi, Democratic Republic of the Congo: Lualaba, Shaba, Maniema)
  • C. e. littoralis van Someren, 1967 (eastern Kenya, eastern Tanzania)
  • C. e. marsabitensis van Someren, 1967 (Kenya: north to Mount Marsabit)
  • C. e. nyanzae van Someren, 1967 (Uganda, south-western Kenya, western Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo: east to Lake Mweru)

Taxonomy[edit]

Charaxes ethalion is a member of the large species group Charaxes etheocles

Ecozone[edit]

Afrotropical ecozone

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Charaxes Ochsenheimer, 1816" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 

External links[edit]

at Consortium for the Barcode of Life.