Charaxes fulvescens

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Charaxes fulvescens
Nymphalidae - Charaxes fulvescens.JPG
Charaxes fulvescens, upperside
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Charaxes
Species: C. fulvescens
Binomial name
Charaxes fulvescens
Synonyms
  • Palla varanes var. fulvescens Aurivillius, 1891
  • Charaxes fulvescens ab. ocellatus Schultze, 1917
  • Charaxes fulvescens stonehami Jeffery, 1931
  • Charaxes fulvescens maesseni Plantrou, 1989

Charaxes fulvescens, the forest pearl charaxes, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.

Taxonomy[edit]

Charaxes varanes group. Subgenus Stonehamia (Hadrodontes) The group members are:

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies include:[1]

  • Charaxes fulvescens fulvescens (eastern Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo)
  • Charaxes fulvescens imenti Plantrou, 1989 (central Kenya)
  • Charaxes fulvescens marialuisae Canu, 1989 (Bioko)
  • Charaxes fulvescens monitor Rothschild, 1900 (Central African Republic, southern Sudan, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, western Kenya, north-western Tanzania, north-western Zambia)
  • Charaxes fulvescens senegala van Someren, 1975 (Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, western Nigeria)

Distribution[edit]

Illustration from Fauna Africana (1910)

This species is found in Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia.[1][2]

Habitat[edit]

These butterflies occurs in dense evergreen forests at low to moderate altitudes. Occasionally inhabits savanna.[2]

Description[edit]

Charaxes fulvescens can reach a wingspan of about 46 millimetres (1.8 in).[3] The inner half of the wings is white. Outside the white area of the upperside, the wings are orange to brown, with a pattern of lighter and darker flecks. The underside of the wings mimics a dead leaf. A sepia brown straight line divides the under wing in two areas. The inner area is light beige with several curved, interrupted, grey brown wavy lines. The outer area of the underside of the hindwing has a large eyespot and shows a well developed outer spur. Males and females are similar.[4]

Biology[edit]

The larvae feed on Allophylus species, including A. macrobothrys, A. africanus, A. macrostachys and A. subcoriaceus.[1][2] Males of these butterflies usually aggregate at mammalian dung for obtaining salts. Courtship and copulation generally take place at hilltops.[4]

References[edit]

  • Victor Gurney Logan Van Someren (1963). Revisional notes on African Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part I. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 195-242. [1]

External links[edit]