Charles "Chuck" Harrison
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Charles "Chuck" Harrison (September 23, 1931 — November 29, 2018) was an American industrial designer and the first African-American executive to work at Sears, Roebuck and Company, starting in 1961 as a designer and eventually becoming manager of the company's entire design group. He was involved in the design of over 750 consumer products, including the portable hair dryer, toasters, stereos, lawn mowers, sewing machines, Craftsman power tools, the see-through measuring cup, fondue pots, stoves, and the first plastic trash can, which has been credited with changing the sound of trash collection day. Perhaps his most famous achievement was leading the team that updated the View-Master in 1958, designing the classic Model F View-Master.
At the time Harrison was born, his father, Charles Harrison Sr., was teaching industrial arts at Southern University in Louisiana. In 1936, the family moved to Texas where Harrison Sr. become a professor at Prairie View A&M University. Both Harrison Sr. and Harrison's maternal grandfather were carpenters, and Harrison credits his interest and ability in design to their influence.
In 1945, the family moved to Phoenix, Arizona where Harrison attended George Washington Carver High School, an all-black high school. The school closed when integration became law in the 1950s, and is now a museum and cultural center celebrating the contributions of African-Americans; a room in the museum is dedicated to Harrison's work.
Harrison attended the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC) from 1949 to 1954, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts. One of his undergraduate professors, Henry P. Glass, would prove to be one of Harrison's greatest mentors and allies over the course of his career. It was also while attending SAIC that Harrison met his future wife.
In 1956, he returned to the school to pursue graduate studies, transferring later to the Illinois Institute of Technology to complete his Master's in Art Education.
Back in the U.S., fresh out of school, Harrison began looking for work with a design firm. He interviewed at Sears but was told that he could not be hired on staff because he was black. The hiring manager liked Harrison's work, however, and was able to feed him freelance work from Sears on the side. But it was Henry Glass, one of Harrison's undergraduate professors, who gave him his first job with a design firm, putting him to work on furniture designs. Harrison credits Glass with teaching him a great deal about detailing, drawing, and production, as well as the business elements of the trade, such as client relations.
Over the next several years, Harrison worked for Ed Klein & Associates and Robert Podall Associates. It was at Robert Podall Associates in 1958 that Harrison updated the popular View-Master toy before getting a call from his old contact at Sears. Sears was ready to offer him a job. It was 1961, and Harrison became the first African-American executive ever hired at the company's Chicago headquarters. Harrison worked for Sears until his retirement in 1993.
Awards and Exhibitions
In October 2008, Harrison was awarded the Lifetime Achievement National Design Award by Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution. He is the first African-American to receive this accolade.
In 2007, his work was featured alongside other African-American product designers at the Designs for Life: Black Creativity 2007 exhibit at the Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago)
In 2006, Harrison received a Lifetime Achievement Award from FocusOnDesign, a Washington, D.C.-based group that promotes diversity in design. In the same year, he also received "personal recognition" from The Industrial Designers Society of America.
In 2000, Harrison's work was featured in an exhibit titled "The World of a Product Designer: Charles Harrison" at the Carver Museum and Cultural Center.
Harrison died at age 87 on November 29, 2018.
- The HistoryMakers, Chicago, Illinois. July 24, 2002
- The HistoryMakers, Chicago, Illinois, July 24, 2002
- National Design Awards, Cooper-Hewitt, 2008
- Linda Hales, "Chuck Harrison, Adding Dimension to Design," Washington Post, Oct. 11, 2006, page C01 
- Glancey, Jonathan (2008-07-31). "Classics of everyday design No 48". The Guardian. London.
- "Harrison, Charles A. "Chuck" (1931– )". Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Seelye, Katharine Q. "Charles Harrison, 87, Designer Who Reshaped the View-Master, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
- Design Collection images from University of Illinois at Chicago digital collections - includes dozens of sketches created by Harrison.
- Autobiography by Charles Harrison
Harrison, Charles (2005), A Life's Design: The Life And Work of Industrial Designer Charles Harrison, ISBN 978-0-9773271-0-2, archived from the original on 2009-06-14, retrieved 2009-04-26
- News article on the occasion of Charles Harrison receiving the award for lifetime achievement from FocusOnDesign
Hales, Linda (11 October 2006), "Chuck Harrison, Adding Dimension to Design", Washington Post, Arts & Living, pp. C01, retrieved 25 April 2009
- Review of book signing event at the University of Illinois (Chicago) Art & Architecture Building in 2006
"Review: Chuck Harrison Book Signing". IDSA Chicago. 15 April 2006. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-26.
- Biographical article on the occasion of Charles Harrison receiving the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum Lifetime Achievement Award
Gambino, Megan (January 2009), "Intelligent Designer: Practical innovations that touched many lives", Smithsonian, Around the Mall, 39 (10), p. 22