|Born||October 9, 1945|
|Died||September 29, 2017|
|Genres||Ambient, avant garde, glitch, noise|
Charles Cohen (1945-2017) was a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area-based free jazz musician and composer. Creating music since 1971, his music was entirely improvisational and produced solely on a vintage Buchla Music Easel synthesizer, an extremely rare integrated analog performance instrument made by synthesizer pioneer Don Buchla. He has been increasingly recognized for his artistry performing internationally and was one of a handful of musicians who has mastered the Buchla Music Easel, an extremely rare instrument. Only twenty-five of the instruments were produced in the early 1970s and only a few have survived. He was also considered a pioneer in synthesizers and performance music. In 2011, Cohen was named a Pew Fellow by the Pew Center for Arts & Heritage for his contributions to improvised and electronic music.
He says he was inspired by free jazz pianist Cecil Taylor. Cohen worked for many years with musician Jeff Cain in their group The Ghostwriters. He works with other media artists in improvisational settings such as the Red Room, Knitting Factory and Tonic. Cohen concentrates on creating electronic music in the setting of the live performance space. He was openly gay and has performed in LGBT-specific performances, events and venues.
In September 2015, Cohen was arrested and charged with crimes including criminal attempt of involuntary deviant sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 16. Cohen was released on $100,000 bail, and in August 2016, Cohen pleaded no contest to the charges. He was released on 29 July 2017 and 2 months later, on 29 September, he succumbed to natural causes at the age of 71.
Buchla's instruments, such as the Music Easel (pictured), use a different method of timbre generation than Moog synthesizers. Moog units use oscillators with basic function generator type waveshapes and rely heavily on filtering with 24 dB resonant low-pass filters, while Buchlas are geared toward complex oscillators using frequency modulation, amplitude modulation, and dynamic waveshaping to produce other forms of timbre modulation. Many of Don Buchla's designs, including the Low-Pass Gates (later called Dynamic Managers) contain vactrols (photoresistive opto-isolators used as voltage-controlled potentiometers) that contributed to a very "natural" perception of Buchla sound.
I've been playing the Buchla Music Easel since 1976. With its color-coded slide pots, its musically logical panel layout, and its almost sculptural patching system, I can comprehend the state of the instrument with a fleeting glance.
- Brother I Prove You Wrong (Morphine, 2015, Doser026LP, LP)
- The Middle Distance (EU: Morphine, 2013, DOSER 019, LP)
- Group Motion (EU: Morphine, 2013, DOSER 020, LP)
- Music For Dance And Theater (EU: Morphine, 2013, DOSER 021, Do LP)
- Running in the Family (EU: Polydor, 1987, LASER 121, Do LP)
- Morphosis Reworks (EU: Morphine, 2013, REDOSE 002, 12")
- Objects in Mirrors Are Closer Than They Appear (US: Red Music, 1981, 001)
- Remote Dreaming (US: Mu Psych, 1986, MP-6002C)
- Redose-3 with Senyawa (EU: Morphine, 2015, REDOSE 003 12")
- Straylight (US: Deep Listening, 2001, DL-CD-15)
- SUBMIT (US: alien robot media, 1999, arcd01)
- Charles Cohen at the Buchla Music Easel (Vimeo: vimeo.com/902069)
- Excerpt of Charles Cohen at the 2015 Paris Festival Présences Électronique (YouTube: )
Child sex abuse conviction
In September 2015, Cohen was arrested in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania during a police operation when according to police he posted on Craigslist seeking consensual sex via online correspondence with an undercover police detective. He was charged with criminal attempt of involuntary deviant sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 16, unlawful contact with a minor and criminal use of a communication facility. On August 12, 2016, Cohen pleaded no contest to the felony charges against him due to poor health and lack of energy to contest the charges.
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- Keyboard, Volume 29, Issues 7-12, 2003.
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- "The Lowdown on the High Zero Festival", CMJ:New Music Monthly, page 81, Oct 2001.
- Elliott Sharp, "Noise Storm", Ars Nova, September 20, 2010.
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- The Wire, page 40, Issues 203-208, 2001.
- Signal to noise, page 54, Issue 35, 2004.
- "Charles Cohen: Music for Dance and Theater", Option magazine, page 123, Volume 20, 1988.
- Ear, Volume 15, page 59, New Wilderness Foundation, 1990.
- Experimental musical instruments: Volumes 12-13, pages 36-9, 1996.
- Pew Center for Arts&Heritage, "Charles Cohen"
- "Saul Stokes Performs Live with Charles Cohen", Star's End, December 12, 1998.
- Jennifer Kelly, "Folk Goes Interplanetary with Espers", Pop Matters, 2 May 2006.
- Sara G. Levin, "Where every escalator is a stage", Downtown Express, Volume 18 • Issue 43 | March 10–16, 2006.
- J.S. Adams, "Despite Protestations", Queering Sound '08, May 18, 2008.
- J. Alex, "The Hibiscus Company", Walnut Philadelphia, November 20, 2008.
- "MIX Experimental Queer Film Festival: 20 Years of Dedication to Demanding Experimental Queer Films", Trans Academics November 1, 2007.
- Fiorillo, Victor (9 October 2015). "Prominent Musician Charged in Child Sex Case". Philadelphia Magazine. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Fiorillo, Victor (16 August 2016). "Musician Charles Cohen Pleads No Contest in Child Sex Crimes Case". Philadelphia Magazine. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- Electronic Musician Charles Cohen Pulls His Last Patch Cord., published on 29 September 2017 by John Diliberto, on the site echoes.org. Retrieved 8 April 2018
- "Thoughts on Buchla instrument design" Archived July 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Fiorillo, Victor (16 August 2016). "Musician Charles Cohen Pleads No Contest in Child Sex Crimes Case". Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Holmes, Thom, Electronic and Experimental Music: Pioneers in Technology and Composition, Routledge, 2002.
- Holmes, Thom, Electronic and experimental music: technology, music, and culture, Psychology Press, 2008.