Charles Eden (politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

His Excellency
Charles Eden
2nd Governor of North-Carolina
In office
28 May 1714 – 26 March 1722
Monarch
Preceded by Thomas Pollock (acting)
Succeeded by Thomas Pollock (acting)
Personal details
Born 1673
County Palatine of Durham, England
Died 26 March 1722 (aged 48)
Bertie County, North Carolina
Resting place St. Paul's Church, Edenton
36°03′40.6″N 76°36′31.8″W / 36.061278°N 76.608833°W / 36.061278; -76.608833
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Penelope Golland

Charles Eden (1673 – 26 March 1722) was a British colonial official who served as the second Governor of North-Carolina from 1713 until his death in 1722.

Governor of North-Carolina[edit]

Eden was appointed Governor of North-Carolina on 28 May 1714. He is best known for his actions to end piracy in the area. Gentleman pirate Stede Bonnet and the notorious Blackbeard (Edward Teach) surrendered to Governor Eden and received the King's Pardon upon promising to change their ways. Both, however, would eventually return to piracy.

In 1719 prominent North Carolinian Edward Moseley accused Governor Eden of profiting from Blackbeard's crimes. Moseley was arrested and fined for his accusations. Eden's secretary of the governor's council, Tobias Knight, was implicated when a letter written by him to Teach was found on the pirate's body at his death and by the fact that cargo taken from a ship captured by Teach was housed in Knight's barn. Knight's letter mentioned the governor's desire to meet with Blackbeard and this was considered sufficient evidence that Eden colluded with the pirates, but no further proof was forthcoming. Eden presented an account of his dealings with Blackbeard to the provincial council, which accepted his pleas of innocence. Nevertheless, Eden's reputation has long been clouded by his connections to Blackbeard.[1]

Governor Eden died of yellow fever in Bertie County in 1722 at the age of 48. Edenton, North Carolina is named for him. His remains were later reinterred in the churchyard of St. Paul's Episcopal Church at Edenton.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Eden's step-daughter Penelope married Gabriel Johnston, the sixth Governor of North-Carolina. His great-grandson through that marriage was United States Congressman William Johnston Dawson.

In popular culture[edit]

Governor Eden was featured as a character in the Hallmark Entertainment mini series Blackbeard, portrayed by Richard Chamberlain. The film takes severe dramatic license, portraying Eden as the governor of New Providence, the island which is now the capital of the Bahamas, as opposed to his real occupation as Governor of North Carolina. The film also puts heavy emphasis on Eden's historically alleged trade with Blackbeard, while also claiming that he conspired with colonial secretary Tobias Knight to arrange the murder of Eden's stepdaughter in order to claim her inheritance.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Drane Nash, Jaquelin. "Eden, Charles". NCpedia. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  2. ^ Elizabeth Van Hoore and Catherine Cockshutt (February 1975). "St. Paul's Episcopal Church and Churchyard" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-08-01.

External links[edit]


Government offices
Preceded by
Thomas Pollock
Acting
Governor of North-Carolina
1714–1722
Succeeded by
Thomas Pollock
Acting