Charles Inglis (bishop)
|The Right Reverend|
|Bishop of Nova Scotia|
|Church||Church of England|
|Died||24 February 1816|
|Previous post||Rector of Trinity Church, New York|
Charles Inglis (1734 – 24 February 1816) was an Irish clergyman who was consecrated the first Anglican Church of Canada bishop of the Diocese of Nova Scotia. He is buried in the crypt of St. Paul's Church (Halifax).
He became rector of Killybegs, Donegal, but in 1755 he went to America and worked as a teacher. In 1758 he was ordained as a priest in London and spent several years in Delaware before moving to Trinity Church in New York in 1765, where his oldest child Charles is buried.
Following the British occupation of New York in 1777, Inglis was promoted from curate to rector of Trinity Church. As a Loyalist, it is recorded that Inglis prayed aloud for King George III while George Washington was in the congregation. The church was quickly surrounded by militia. Inglis' home was plundered. In November 1783, upon the evacuation of Loyalists from New York, Inglis returned to England. His whole congregation of Trinity Church went to Nova Scotia.
On 11 August 1787, George III created the Diocese of Nova Scotia by Letters Patent, and named Inglis its first bishop. He preached at St. Paul's Church (Halifax). The independence of the thirteen colonies which would form the United States had led to the creation of a new, autonomous, Anglican church there, with Samuel Seabury as the first bishop, but Inglis was the first Church of England bishop in North America, though technically his Episcopal see was "the Province of Nova Scotia". Eager to increase the status of Anglicanism in the colonies, he supported the 1789 foundation of King's Collegiate School in Windsor, Nova Scotia, as an exclusive academy for sons of the Anglican elite. He also backed several missionary efforts to turn the majority of the population from their dissenting religious beliefs. These efforts were largely unsuccessful. Bishop Inglis died on 24 February 1816.
Inglis was the third son of Archibald Inglis, the rector of the Church of Ireland parish church in Glencolumbkille, a remote district in south-west County Donegal. The county is on the rugged west coast of Ulster, a province in the north of Ireland. Inglis was born in Glencolumbkille. His son was John Inglis, who also became an Anglican bishop.
Notes and references
- "Sons and Daughters of Donegal" (PDF). Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Hawkins 1845, p. 323.
- Hein & Shattuck 2005.
- Carrington 1963.
- Hawkins 1845, p. 337.
- Flick 1901, p. 36.
- United Empire Loyalists Centennial Committee (1885), The centennial of the settlement of Upper Canada by the United Empire Loyalists, 1784-1884; the celebrations at Adolphustown, Toronto and Niagara, with an appendix, containing a copy of the U.E. List, preserved in the Crown Lands Department at Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, p. 110
- "No. 12910". The London Gazette. 7 August 1787. p. 373.
- "Celtic crosses in St. Patrick's Cathedral". A Grave Concern. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
- Carrington, Philip (1963). The Anglican Church in Canada. Toronto: Collins.
- Hawkins, Ernest (1845). Historical notices of the missions of the Church of England in the North American colonies. London: Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (Great Britain) – via B. Fellowes.
- Flick, Alexander Clarence (1901). Loyalism in New York during the American revolution. New York: The Columbia University Press.
- Hein, David; Shattuck, Gardiner H. Jr (2005). The Episcopalians. New York: Church Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-0-89869-497-0.
- Cuthbertson, Brian (1988). "Charles Inglis: A Reassessment". Journal of the Canadian Church Historical Society. 30 (2): 88–101.
- Cuthbertson, Brian (1987). "The First Bishop". Halifax: Waegwoltic Press.
- Fingard, Judith (1972). The Anglican Design in Loyalist Nova Scotia. London: SPCK.
- Fingard, Judith (1968). "Charles Inglis and his "Primitive Bishoprick" in Nova Scotia". Canadian Historical Review. 49 (3): 247–266. doi:10.3138/CHR-049-03-03. ISSN 0008-3755.
- Fingard, Judith (1983). "Inglis, Charles". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
- Inglis, Charles (April 7, 1793), Steadfastness in religion and loyalty recommended, in a sermon preached before the legislature of His Majesty's province of Nova-Scotia : in the parish church of St. Paul at Halifax
- Inglis, Charles (January 30, 1780). "The Duty of Honouring the King". Project Canterbury. Retrieved 2015-06-22.