Charles K. Hamilton
Charles Keeney Hamilton (May 30, 1885 – January 22, 1914) was an American pioneer aviator nicknamed the "crazy man of the air". He was, in the words of the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, "known for his dangerous dives, spectacular crashes, extensive reconstructive surgeries, and ever present cigarette" and was "frequently drunk". He survived more than 60 crashes.
Hamilton – who described himself as an "aeronaut" – was a hot air balloonist and parachute jumper at fairs and circuses at the age of 18. Three years later, he became friends with aeronautical engineer and aviator A. Roy Knabenshue and began piloting dirigibles. On the day Louis Bleriot flew the English Channel, July 25, 1909, Hamilton was sailing his own airship across the Bay of Osaka in Japan.
In late 1909, he started taking flying lessons from Glenn Curtiss. He joined Curtiss's exhibition team and quickly acquired fame and a nationwide reputation as a daredevil flyer. In December, he flew at St. Joseph and outside St. Louis, Missouri, and in Overland Park, Kansas, before participating in the 1910 Los Angeles International Air Meet at Dominguez Field, the first major airshow in the United States, which ran from January 10–20, 1910. He then embarked on an 11-city, two-month exhibition tour across the American Southwest, starting at Phoenix, Arizona, and ending in San Diego, California. On February 19, Hamilton became the first to fly an airplane in Tucson, Arizona. In San Diego, he became just the third American flier to remain aloft for at least an hour, crossing the ocean to Mexico and back.
Hamilton became the first to fly in the state of Washington, when he piloted the Reims Racer over Seattle on March 11. The very next day, he went up again, drunk, and "Swooping like a rapacious bird from a height of 500 feet [150 m], the Curtiss biplane, with Charles K. Hamilton, dived into the newly formed lake at The Meadows". He had to be fished out of the lake, but suffered only minor injuries.
Undaunted, he flew at Tacoma, Washington, and crossed the border to become the "First Air Visitor to Vancouver, B.C." on March 25. The next day, he flew to New Westminster and back, covering 20 miles (32 km) in 30 minutes. He participated in an air meet in Spokane, Washington between April 1–3. On April 9, he flew over Mercer Island and Lake Washington.
In San Antonio, Texas, he set a record for the quickest takeoff: 79 feet (24 m) in 3.8 seconds, breaking Glenn Curtiss's mark of 95 feet (29 m) in 5.25 seconds. In May, he performed in Atlanta and Augusta, Georgia, before heading to Mineola, New York, Curtiss's headquarters.
On June 13, 1910, Hamilton won a prize of $10,000, sponsored by The New York Times and the Philadelphia Public Ledger, for being the first to fly from New York City to Philadelphia and back, the first flight between two major US cities. He departed from Governors Island in New York harbor at 7:30 am and reached Philadelphia at 9:26 am. With a stopover in Philadelphia, the round trip took a little over 11 hours, at an average speed of nearly 51 miles per hour (82 km/h). He received a hero's welcome in his hometown of New Britain, and, on July 2, 1910, made "the first public flight in the State" there. It was also the first in New England.
Between June and August, he performed at Knoxville, Nashville and Atlantic City. In Nashville, he made the first night flight in America, remaining aloft 25 minutes before developing engine trouble.
When Hamilton fell behind on payments, Glenn Curtiss repossessed the Reims Racer. Hamilton then had a new airplane built by Walter Christie, who had a car and engine factory in Manhattan. Finished on August 31, it was reputed to have the most powerful airplane engine yet, boasting 110 hp. Hamilton named his new airplane the "Hamiltonian". In September, however, the Hamiltonian stalled and crashed during a demonstration flight outside Sacramento, California; Hamilton was "badly cut, bruised and burned", but was flying again in a week. "On September 28, he was issued American pilot license no. 12."
He then joined John Moisant's exhibition team, performing with them in Richmond, Chattanooga and Memphis. In Memphis, he broke his own speed record of 64.6 miles per hour (104.0 km/h) by going 79.2 miles per hour (127.5 km/h). On February 2, 1911, the team was in El Paso, Texas. Hamilton flew over nearby Ciudad Juárez and performed the first wartime aerial reconnaissance, looking for rebel forces of the Mexican Revolution. That same month, he and Moisant parted company, with Moisant keeping his airplane. He pioneered flying in Cleveland, Tennessee, in October 1911, piloting a Curtiss biplane.
Hamilton died of tuberculosis or "a lung hemorrhage after a long bout with tuberculosis" on January 22, 1914. He was buried in Hartford, Connecticut on January 26. Those familiar with his short career claimed he had earned a quarter of a million dollars, but he died almost broke.
Hamilton married twice. He was divorced by his first wife and was survived by his second, Gussie, whom he had married the summer before his death.
- 1900 United States Federal Census
- 1910 United States Federal Census
- Laura Arksey (January 15, 2008). "Charles Hamilton demonstrates airplane flight in Spokane on April 2, 1910". HistoryLink. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Charles Hamilton". Hill Air Force Base. May 16, 2007. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Charles K. Hamilton (1885 – 1914)". Cedar Hill Cemetery Foundation. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Dennis Parks, Curator Emeritus of Seattle’s Museum of Flight (January 29, 2012). "The crazy man of the air: C.K. Hamilton wows crowds in 1910". General Aviation News. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Aubrey Cohen (March 10, 2010). "Plane first flew in Seattle 100 years ago, crashed the next day". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (blog).
- Graff, Cory (2008). Boeing Field. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0738556154.
- "The Frank Coffyn Collection: Charles K. Hamilton". U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. Archived from the original on September 21, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "The First U.S. Airshows: the Air Meets of 1910". U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Meet the Aviators". Flying Feerless: Celebrating the Centennial Anniversary of New Jersey Airshows, 1910-2010, sponsored by the Atlantic City Free Public Library and the Asbury Park Public Library. Archived from the original on March 10, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Aviator Hamilton Dies Suddenly". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. January 22, 1914 – via Newspapers.com.
- The First Aviators by David Nevin, c.1980 for Time-Life Books
- "Feb. 19: Today in Arizona history". Arizona Daily Star. February 19, 2012.
- "The First Airplane Flight in Washington State". Museum of Flight. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Item : Air P43 - [Charles K. Hamilton] First Air Plane Visitor to Vancouver B.C." City of Vancouver Archives. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Chuck Davis. "First Flight West of Winnipeg" (PDF). Vancouver Historical Society Newsletter, March 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "History of Flight in BC". Canadian Museum of Flight.
- "Hamilton Flies for the Times to Philadelphia and Back in a Day". The New York Times. 14 June 1910.
- "Charles Keeny Hamilton Biography". earlyaviators.com. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "New Britain Hails Aviator Hamilton" (PDF). The New York Times. June 16, 1910.
- "Charles K. Hamilton". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Richard DeLuca. "Airborne Pioneers: Connecticut Takes Flight". connecticuthistory.org. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, Volume 19. Bureau of national literature. 1916.
- Leon Metz (May 24, 2009). "Leon Metz: When some early-day flyboys came to the borderlands". El Paso Times.
- Larry C. Bowers. "Aviation first introduced in Cleveland in 1911". Cleveland Daily Banner. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19.
- "Hamilton Spent Quarter Million: New Britain Aviator Made Big Sums by Flights, but Died Very Nearly Broke". The Day. January 28, 1914.
- Seated in airplane, c. 1910, photograph in the Library of Congress
- The New York Times article, June 12, 1910: "Charles K. Hamilton Tells How To Run An Aeroplane"
- Charlie Hamilton riding as a passenger in a Wright B piloted by friend Harry Atwood
- Charles Hamilton, Connecticut's Crazy Man of the Air
- Charles K. Hamilton at Find a Grave