Charles Mellin (1597–1649) was a French painter of the Baroque era. Mellin was from Nancy, Lorraine, but spent his artistic career in Italy. In Italy, he was nicknamed Carlo Lorenese ("Charles the Lorrainer").
Mellin worked on murals and decorated the Chapel of the Virgin at the church of San Luigi dei Francesi in Rome in 1631. Mellin had competed with Nicolas Poussin and Giovanni Lanfranco for the job of decorating this chapel. During the early part of his career, Mellin collaborated with, and was influenced by, Simon Vouet, but Vouet’s influence diminished after Vouet left Italy for Paris. Mellin is also said to have been influenced by Domenichino.
After Vouet’s departure, Mellin worked for the Muti Papazzurri family as official painter. He decorated the Palazzo Muti between 1628 and 1631, painting the vaults of the Galleria, and remnants of Mellin’s work there still survive. Mellin also taught painting to the two sons of the Muti Papazzurri family.
From 1643 to 1647 Mellin worked in Naples. He created a Purification of the Virgin for the high altar of the church of the Santissima Annunziata Maggiore in the city, which was completed in 1645. This painting was lost in a 1757 fire, but there is an etched copy that survives. In Naples, he painted an Immaculate Conception (1646) and an Annunciation (1647) for the church of Santa Donna Regina Nuova. The revolt of Masaniello caused Mellin to leave Naples for Rome.
- The Holy Family with the Infant St. John. Oil on canvas - 58,5 x 74,5 cm. Paris, private collection. Simon Vouet or his workshop - Ascribed to Charles Mellin.
- Angels with Instruments of Christ’s Passion. Oil on canvas - 102 x 78 cm. Naples, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte.
- Apollo. Oil on canvas - 108 x 86 cm Paris, private collection.
- The Assumption of the Virgin. Oil on canvas - 98,1 x 103,1 cm. Puerto Rico, Museo de Arte de Ponce.
- The Stoning of Saint Stephen. Oil on canvas - 189 x 283 cm. Caen, église Saint-Etienne
- The Stoning of Saint Stephen. Oil on canvas - 48 x 66 cm. San Casciano, Bandini-Granelli Collection.
- Saint Stephen. Oil on canvas - 61 x 48,5 cm. Nantes, Musée des Beaux-Arts.
- The Sacrifice of Abel. Oil on canvas - 38 x 29,5 cm. Nancy, Musée Lorrain.
- The Annunciation. Pen, brown ink and wash - 20,6 x 21,2 cm. Montpellier, Musée Fabre.
- Saint Stephen. Attributed to the circle of Charles Mellin. Oil on canvas - 101 x 139 cm. Ajaccio, Musée Fesch.
- Portrait of a Gentleman. Attributed to Charles Mellin. Gemäldegalerie, Berlin. 1630. Oil on canvas. 121 cm (47.64 in). Height: 203 cm (79.92 in).
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- Philippe Malgouyres, Charles Mellin, un Lorrain entre Rome et Naples, Somogy Editions d’Art. ISBN 978-2-7572-0078-0.
- John Malyon/Specifica, Inc., (2010). "Charles Mellin". Art Cyclopedia. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- ? (n.d.). "Charles Mellin". ArtFortune.com. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- Didier Rykner (2007). "Charles Mellin". The Art Tribune. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- Noel S. McFerran (2006). "A Jacobite Gazetteer - Rome". The Jacobite Heritage. Retrieved February 28, 2011.