Place Stanislas in the centre of town
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Laurent Hénart|
|Area1||15.01 km2 (5.80 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||54395 / 54000|
|Elevation||188–353 m (617–1,158 ft)
(avg. 212 m or 696 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
|Part of the series on|
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century
Nancy (French pronunciation: [nɑ̃.si]; German: Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name. The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 410,509 inhabitants at the 1999 census, 103,602 of whom lived in the city of Nancy proper (105,067 inhabitants in the city proper as of 2012[update] estimates).
Place Stanislas, a large square built between March 1752 and November 1755 by Stanislaus I of Poland to link the medieval old town of Nancy and the new town built under Charles III in the 17th century, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The earliest signs of human settlement in the area date back to 800 BC. Early settlers were likely attracted by easily mined iron ore and a ford in the Meurthe River. A small fortified town named Nanciacum (Nancy) was built by Gérard, Duke of Lorraine around 1050.
Nancy was burned in 1218 at the end of the War of Succession of Champagne, and conquered by Emperor Frederick II, then rebuilt in stone over the next few centuries as it grew in importance as the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine. Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy, was defeated and killed in the Battle of Nancy in 1477, René II, Duke of Lorraine became the ruler.
Following the failure of both Emperor Joseph I and Emperor Charles VI to produce a son and heir, the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 left the throne to the latter's yet unborn daughter, Maria Theresa of Austria. In 1736 Emperor Charles arranged her marriage to Duke François of Lorraine, who reluctantly agreed to exchange his ancestral lands for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Exiled Polish king Stanisław Leszczyński, father-in-law of French king Louis XV, was given the vacant duchy instead. Under his nominal rule, Nancy experienced growth and a flowering of Baroque culture and architecture. With his death in 1766, the duchy became a regular French province and Nancy lost its position as a residential capital city with its own princely court and patronage.
As unrest surfaced within the French armed forces during the French Revolution, a full-scale mutiny took place in Nancy in later summer of 1790 known as the Nancy affair. A few reliable units laid siege to the town and shot or imprisoned the mutineers.
In 1871, Nancy remained French when Prussia annexed Alsace-Lorraine. The flow of refugees reaching Nancy doubled its population in three decades. Artistic, academic, financial and industrial excellence flourished, establishing what is still the Capital of Lorraine's trademark to this day.
In 1988, Pope John Paul II visited Nancy. In 2005, French President Jacques Chirac, German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder and Polish President Aleksander Kwaśniewski inaugurated the renovated Place Stanislas.
Nancy is situated on the left bank of the river Meurthe, about 10 km upstream from its confluence with the Moselle. The Marne–Rhine Canal runs through the city, parallel to the Meurthe. Nancy is surrounded by hills that are about 150 m higher than the city center, which is situated at 200 m amsl. The area of Nancy proper is relatively small: 15 km2. Its built-up area is continuous with those of its adjacent suburbs. The neighboring communes of Nancy are: Jarville-la-Malgrange, Laxou, Malzéville, Maxéville, Saint-Max, Tomblaine, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy and Villers-lès-Nancy.
The oldest part of Nancy is the quarter Vieille Ville – Léopold, which contains the 14th century Porte de la Craffe, the Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine, the Porte Désilles and the 19th century St-Epvre basilica. Adjacent to its south is the quarter Charles III – Centre Ville, which is the 16th–18th century "new town". This quarter contains the famous Place Stanislas, the Nancy Cathedral, the Opéra national de Lorraine and the main railway station.
Nancy has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).
|Climate data for Nancy (1981–2010 averages)|
|Record high °C (°F)||16.8
|Average high °C (°F)||4.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−21.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||65.4
|Average precipitation days||11.2||9.5||10.6||9.3||11.0||9.9||9.6||9.2||9.2||11.4||11.6||11.8||124.3|
|Average snowy days||8.0||6.7||4.5||1.8||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||3.4||6.1||30.7|
|Average relative humidity (%)||87||83||78||74||75||75||75||77||81||86||87||87||80.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||55.9||79.7||129.1||173.9||199.1||220.9||229.1||213.7||162.8||104.8||51.7||44.3||1,664.9|
|Source #1: Météo France|
|Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)|
The old city center's heritage dates from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. The cathedral of Nancy, the Triumphal Arch and the "Place de la Carriere" are a fine examples of 18th-century architecture. The Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine is the former princely residence of the rulers. The palace houses the Musée Lorrain.
A historic church is the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, Nancy, final resting place of the last duke Stanislas. Other notable churches are the Church of Saint-François-des-Cordeliers and the Basilica of Saint-Epvre (fr:Basilique Saint-Epvre de Nancy), which have historical ties to the imperial House of Lorraine.
The "École de Nancy", a group of artists and architects founded by the glassmaster and furniture maker Émile Gallé, worked in the art nouveau style at the end of the 19th century and the early 20th century. It was principally their work which made Nancy a center of art and architecture that rivaled Paris and helped give the city the nickname "Capitale de l'Est." The city still possesses many Art Nouveau buildings (mostly banks or private homes). Furniture, glassware, and other pieces of the decorative arts are conserved at the Musée de l'École de Nancy, which is housed in the 1909 villa of Eugène Corbin, a Nancy businessman and supporter of the Art Nouveau there. The Musée des Beaux-Arts has further collections of the art nouveau movement.
A major botanical garden, the Jardin botanique du Montet, is located at Villers-lès-Nancy. Other gardens of interest include the city's earliest botanical garden, the Jardin Dominique Alexandre Godron, and various other public gardens and places of interest including the Pépinière and Parc Sainte-Marie (public gardens). The town also has an aquarium.
The surroundings of the train station are a busy commercial area.
The city is known for its World Heritage buildings at the Place Stanislas, which was opened April 2005 by Jacques Chirac after refurbishment.
At the turn of the 20th century, Nancy was a major center of the Art Nouveau with the École de Nancy. The city possesses a unique and interesting Musée de l'École de Nancy (School of Nancy Museum) with artworks by Émile Gallé, Louis Majorelle, Daum, Caravaggio, and others.
Nancy also has other museums:
- Museum of Fine Arts of Nancy (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nancy) with painters from the 15th to 20th centuries, and a huge collection of Daum crystal displayed in part of the old fortifications of the city.
- Lorraine History Museum dedicated to the history of the Duchy of Lorraine and arts (Jacques Callot collection, Georges de La Tour).
- Aquarium and Natural History Museum of Nancy.
- Musée de l'École de Nancy offers a testimony of the diversity of creative techniques practiced by the artists of this school, with a fine display of furniture, objets d'art, glassware, stained-glass, leather, ceramics, textiles, etc. from the period.
- The Iron History Museum
Universities and colleges
Nancy has a large number of institutions of higher learning.
- University of Lorraine which merges:
- École des Beaux-Arts de Nancy
- École nationale supérieure d’art de Nancy
- École nationale supérieure des industries chimiques (ENSIC)
- École nationale supérieure de géologie (ENSG)
- École nationale supérieure en génie des systèmes industriels (ENSGSI)
- School of architecture of Nancy (ENSA)
- École nationale supérieure d'agronomie et des industries alimentaires (ENSAIA)
- École nationale supérieure d'électricité et de mécanique (ENSEM)
- École nationale supérieure des Mines de Nancy
- École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies (EPITECH)
- École Supérieure des Sciences et Technologies de l'Ingénieur de Nancy (ESSTIN)
- Telecom Nancy (ex-ESIAL)
- ICN Graduate Business School (Institut Commercial de Nancy)
- Sciences Po Paris (French-German Undergraduate Campus)
- Centre de Nancy-AgroParisTech
- École Supérieure Robert de Sorbon
- European University Centre
- French National School of Forestry, est. 1824, in Nancy
Nancy is home to two of the three professional sport clubs in Lorraine: AS Nancy-Lorraine in football and SLUC Nancy in basketball. AS Nancy-Lorraine's Hall of Fame includes triple-Ballon d'Or and UEFA President Michel Platini, Arsenal manager Arsène Wenger, 1998 World Champion Aimé Jacquet, 2000 European Champion Roger Lemerre, 1998 African Ballon d'Or Mustapha Hadji, Irish legend Tony Cascarino, 1986 European Cup winner Sacha Zavarov and 1958 World Cup Semi-finalist Roger Piantoni.
AS Nancy-Lorraine won the French cup 1978 with captain Michel Platini who scored the only goal of the match (Nancy 1 – 0 Nice). More recently AS Nancy-Lorraine won the "Coupe de la Ligue" (French League Cup) in 2006 and reached fourth place in the French football league in 2007/2008.
SLUC Nancy won the last Korac European Cup in 2002, reached the finals of French championship of basketball (Pro A) four consecutive times and finally won his first trophy in 2008. Also winner of "Semaine des As" in 2005 and champion of 2nd league (pro B) in 1994.
Winner of the 2010–2011 French Championship.
Native sons and daughters
Nancy was the birthplace of:
- François-Émile André (1871–1933), architect
- Marie Henri d'Arbois de Jubainville (1827–1910), historian and philologist
- Najoua Belyzel (born 1981), singer
- André Bernanose (1912–2002), chemist, physicist and pharmacologist
- Jean Galli de Bibiena (1709–1779), playwright
- René-Prosper Blondlot (1849–1930), physicist, best remembered for his mistaken identification of N rays
- Jacques Callot (c. 1592–1635), baroque graphics artist, draftsman and printmaker
- Henri Cartan (1904–2008), mathematician
- Paul Colin (1892–1985), poster artist
- Grand Duchess Christina of Tuscany (1565–1637)
- Matthieu Delpierre (born 1981), footballer
- Auguste Digot (1815–1864), historian of Lorraine
- Antoine Drouot (1774–1847), one of Napoleon's generals
- Joseph Ducreux (1735–1802), portrait painter, pastelist, miniaturist, and engraver
- Prosper Guerrier de Dumast (1796–1883), proponent of Lotharingism
- Pascal Dusapin (born 1955), composer
- Lucien Febvre (1878–1956), historian
- Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708–1765), duke of Lorraine and later Holy Roman Emperor
- Émile Gallé (1846–1904), Art Nouveau artist
- Edmond de Goncourt (1822–1896), author, critic, publisher, founder of the Académie Goncourt
- Jean-Baptiste Isabey (1767–1855), painter
- François Jacob (1920–2013), biologist Won the 1965 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
- Yves Lambert (born 1936), aerospace engineer
- Nicolas Liebault (1723–1795), collaborator of the Encyclopédie by Diderot and D’Alembert
- Hubert Lyautey (1854–1934), Marshal of France
- Louis Maimbourg (1610–1686), Jesuit and historian
- Aimé Morot (1850–1913), painter
- Charles Palissot de Montenoy (1730–1814), playwright
- Michel Picard (born 1931), writer, winner of the 2007 Feuille d'or de la ville de Nancy
- Michel Platini (b. 1955 in Joeuf), footballer
- Henri Poincaré (1854–1912), mathematician, theoretical scientist and philosopher of science
- Éric Rohmer (1920–2010), film director
- Pierre Roussel (epigrapher) (1881–1945), archaeologist and epigrapher
- Henri Royer (1869–1938), painter
- Jean François de Saint-Lambert (1716–1803), poet
- Pierre Schaeffer (1910–1995), noted as the inventor of musique concrète
- Charles Sellier, (1830–1882) painter
- Jose Toure (born 1961) footballer
- Arnaud Vincent (born 1974), motorcycle racer
- Lucien Weissenburger (1860–1929), architect
- Maxime Chanot (born 1990), footballer
- Pierre Deladonchamps (born June 1, 1978), actor: A Childhood (Une Enfance), Stranger by the Lake (L'Inconnu du Lac)
The main railway station is Gare de Nancy-Ville, with direct connections to Paris (high-speed rail line), Metz, Lyon, Strasbourg and several regional destinations. The motorway A31 connects Nancy with Metz, Luxembourg and Langres.
Public transport within Nancy is provided by Service de Transport de l'Agglomération Nancéienne (STAN), operated by Veolia Transport, operating the Tram by STAN and around 20 conventional bus routes.
The most heavily used route, the Tram T1, is a so-called 'tramway on tires', which is actually a guided busway based on Bombardier Transportation's Guided Light Transit (GLT) technology and using articulated trolleybuses. In addition to diesel buses, Nancy has been served by trolleybuses since 1982, but in 2000 the three-route trolleybus system was reconfigured into a single, longer route and with a surface guidance system added (GLT, or TVR in French). The guidance systems covers about two-thirds of the approximately 10-km route, and the trolleybuses are separated from other traffic over that portion of the route, speeding travel times. During its first two years, the new system suffered many incidents and malfunctions of the guidance system, but now works without significant problems.
The coat of arms of Nancy displays a thistle, originally considered to be a symbol of Virgin Mary, and adopted as a personal symbol by René of Anjou and later by his descendent René II, Duke of Lorraine. Contrary to the Scottish thistle, the one of Lorraine is always shown with its roots. During the wars against Burgundy, the thistle became an emblem for the people of Lorraine as a whole. It officially became the attribute of the city of Nancy in 1575 when Charles III, Duke of Lorraine granted the city with its own coat of arms.
At first, the coat of arms of Nancy had a chief of Lorraine, which meant that the upper part showed the ducal arms, namely three alerions on a red bend. Later, the chief of Lorraine was replaced by a more complex one which gathers the former possessions of the Dukes of Lorraine. The upper row comprises from left to right the arms of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Kingdom of Naples, the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Aragon, while the lower row comprises the Duchy of Anjou, the Duchy of Guelders, the Duchy of Jülich and the County of Bar. The inescutcheon is the coat of arms of Lorraine itself.
The coat of arms displays the motto, which appeared in the end of the 16th century. It was initially "Nul ne s'y frotte" ("no one attacks it"), but it was changed to Latin "Non inultus premor" in 1616. The motto has a similar meaning to the Scottish one, "Nemo me impune lacessit", usually translated as "No one attacks me with impunity", which also makes reference to the thistle. The coat of arms further displays the Legion of Honour, awarded to the city after the First World War, and the War Crosses 14-18 and 39-45.
- N ray, a figment of local physicist René-Prosper Blondlot's imagination, named for Nancy.
- Parc naturel régional de Lorraine
- The great organ of Nancy Cathedral
- List of twin towns and sister cities in France
- The usage of German Nanzig is outdated.
- "Données climatiques de la station de Nancy" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "Climat Lorraine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "Normes et records 1961-1990: Nancy-Essey (54) - altitude 212m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- History and heritage
- Images of the Place Stanislas
- "Annunciation" painted 1608, Musée des Beaux-Arts
- The école de Nancy Museum
- The history of Iron Museum
- Université Henri Poincaré – website
- Université Nancy 2 – website
- French-German Sciences Po campus – website
- STAN website (French only)
- "Origine du blason de Nancy". Nancy WebTV. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nancy.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nancy.|
- City council website (French)
- Tourist office website (English)
- Nancy Convention bureau (English) (French)
- Place Stanislas Live Webcam
- Phonebook of Nancy (English)
- Young European Federalists in Nancy and around in Lorraine at the Wayback Machine (archived 17 May 2012) (French)
- Jardin botanique du Montet (Botanical Garden) (French)
- Art Nouveau-related links
- Official website of le Musée de l'Ecole de Nancy (the museum of the Nancy style of Art Nouveau (French)
- Nancy tourism office page on the "School of Nancy" Museum (English)
- A walking tour of Nancy's Art Nouveau architecture including photos (French)