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|Charlotte Hennessey Pickford|
January 1, 1873|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||March 22, 1928
Los Angeles, California, United States
|Cause of death||Breast cancer|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale|
|Spouse(s)||John Charles Smith (m. 1892; d. 1898)|
Early life and marriage
Born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada to Irish Catholic parents from County Kerry, Charlotte Hennessey supported herself as a seamstress. She married John Charles Smith, son of English Methodist immigrants. She agreed to rear their children in his Methodist faith. The couple had three children: Gladys Louise, later actress Mary Pickford, Charlotte, later actress Lottie Pickford, and John Charles, later actor Jack Pickford.
In 1898, Smith's husband John Charles died from a blood clot caused by a workplace accident when he was a purser with the Niagara Steamship Lines. Charlotte Smith struggled to make a living. She allowed her eldest daughter to take some theatre roles in Toronto in parts for children and, as the other children grew, toured with them with theater companies around the United States. They moved to New York, where Gladys, the oldest landed a role on Broadway. Soon she was able to get some film work, and changed her name to Mary Pickford at the request of a director. Later both her siblings adopted Pickford as a surname for their acting work. After her daughter, Gladys, known then as actress Mary Pickford, started getting film roles, Charlotte Smith acted in minor parts in three silent films in 1910 and 1911, with her daughter. All three children: Mary, Lottie, and Jack Pickford, became actors, although only Mary Pickford achieved great fame and fortune.
Charlotte Smith continued to play a large role in managing her children's careers. She negotiated her daughter Mary Pickford's landmark contracts in the United States as a child star (including her $1 million a year contract, the first of its kind). Smith took a role in United Artists and the Mary Pickford Film Company, founded by her daughter, until her death.[page needed]
On March 22, 1928, Smith died of breast cancer after refusing surgery. She had already had several major operations. She was buried in the Pickford plot at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California. She bequeathed $200,000 each in trust to her two younger children, Jack and Lottie, and to Lottie's daughter Gwynne. She left the large bulk of her estate to her eldest daughter Mary of $1 million, and she acknowledged the reasons in her will: "Whatever property I possess at the time of my death has come to me through my association with my beloved daughter in her business and through her most unusual generosity to me."
- Menefee, David. Sweet Memories, (Menefee Publishing Inc., 2012), ISBN 1469966956
- Eileen Whitfield, Pickford: The Woman Who Made Hollywood. The United Press of Kentucky (2007), p. 252
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