The 24 principalities were:
Prithvi Narayan Shah ascended the throne of Gorkha in 1743, then proceeded to build modern Nepal by conquest, treachery and treaty. He unified about half the 24 principalities, the entire Kathmandu Valley around the present capital Kathmandu and additional principalities further east before dying in 1775. Annexation of the rest of the 24 proceeded under his son Pratap Singh Shah (ruled 1775-77) and grandson Rana Bahadur Shah (ruled 1777-1799). The Shah dynasty was outmaneuvered by another Chaubisi family, the Rana or Kunwar family of Kaski and Lamjung, in 1846 and reduced to figureheads until 1953.
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