Lipandra

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Lipandra
Chenopodium polyspermum leaves and flowers 1 AB.jpg
Manyseed goosefoot (Lipandra polysperma)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Amaranthaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Atripliceae
Genus: Lipandra
Moq.
Species: L. polysperma
Binomial name
Lipandra polysperma
(L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
Synonyms
  • Chenopodium polyspermum L.
  • Atriplex polysperma (L.) Crantz
  • Vulvaria polysperma (L.) Bubani
  • Lipandra atriplicoides (Less.) Moq.
  • Oligandra atriplicoides Less.

Lipandra polysperma (Syn. Chenopodium polyspermum), common name manyseed goosefoot,[1] is the only species of the monotypic plant genus Lipandra from the subfamily Chenopodioideae in the Amaranthaceae family.

Description[edit]

Lipandra polysperma is a non-aromatic, glabrous annual herb. The stems grow erect to ascending or prostrate and are branched with usually alternate, basally sometimes nearly opposite branches. The alternate leaves consist of a petiole and a simple blade. The leaf blade is thin, ovate-elliptic, with entire margins.

The inflorescences consist of loose dichasia in the axils of leaf-like bracts, sometimes of more condensed glomerules of flowers arranged spicately. The flowers are bisexual or pistillate, with (4-) 5 nearly free perianth segments, 1-3 (-5) stamens and an ovary with 2 stigmas.

In fruit, perianth segments remain unchanged. The fruit has a membranous pericarp, which is free from the seed. The horizontally orientated seeds are compressed-globose. The brown to blackish seed coat is undulately striate.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Lipandra polysperma is distributed in most regions of Europe and in temperate Asia.[3] It is widely naturalized elsewhere, as in North America.[4]

Systematics[edit]

The species was first described in 1753 by Carolus Linnaeus as Chenopodium polyspermum in Species Plantarum.[5] After phylogenetic research, Fuentes-Bazan et al. (2012) separated this species from genus Chenopodium that would otherwise have been polyphyletic. The genus Lipandra was first described by Alfred Moquin-Tandon in 1840 (in Chenopodearum monographica enumeratio, p. 19.), replacing an older illegitimate name: Christian Friedrich Lessing's genus Oligandra (1835, not the Asteraceae genus Oligandra from 1832) had only one species, Oligandra atriplicoides, that was soon considered identical with Chenopodium polyspermum.[2]

Lipandra polysperma belongs to the same tribe as Chenopodium, Tribus Atripliceae.[2]

Synonyms of genus Lipandra Moq.:[2]

  • Oligandra Less. 1835 (nom illeg., non Less. 1832)
  • Gandriloa Steud. (nom. illeg.)
  • Oliganthera Endl. (nom. illeg.)
  • Chenopodium [unranked] Polysperma Standl.
  • Chenopodium subsect. Polysperma (Standl.) Kowal ex Mosyakin & Clemants

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chenopodium polyspermum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Fuentes-Bazan, Susy; Uotila, Pertti; Borsch, Thomas (2012). "A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae)". Willdenowia - Annals of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. 42 (1): 14–15. doi:10.3372/wi42.42101. ISSN 0511-9618. 
  3. ^ "Lipandra polysperma". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  4. ^ Distribution map for the northern hemisphere from: Eric Hultén, Magnus Fries: Atlas of North European vascular plants. 1986, ISBN 3-87429-263-0 at Den virtuella floran..
  5. ^ Carl von Linné: Species Plantarum. Vol. 1, Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae 1753, p. 220

External links[edit]