Chersonese // is a name that was given to several different places in ancient times. The word is Latin; it derives from the Greek term for "peninsula", χερσόνησος chersonēsos, from χέρσος chersos ("dry land") + νῆσος nēsos (island).
It was applied to a number of peninsular localities in the ancient world. These included:
- Chersonesos Taurica, ancient Greek colony located near the city of Sevastopol, Crimea
- Taurica, also known as the Tauric Chersonese, ancient name for Crimea
- Thracian Chersonese or Chersonesus Thracica, ancient name for the Gallipoli Peninsula
- Chersonesus Aurea, or Golden Chersonese, ancient name for the Malay Peninsula, described by Ptolemy circa 150 AD.
- Chersonesus Cimbrica or Cimbrian Chersonese, ancient name for Jutland
- Syrian Chersonese, referred to by Plutarch, believed to have been situated in a bend of the Orontes river in the neighbourhood of Antioch.
- Delmarva Peninsula, referred to by King Charles I of England in the 1632 Charter of Maryland as the "Chersonese."
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