The Chesapeake Raid was a American Revolutionary War campaign by British naval forces under the command of Commodore Sir George Collier and the land forces were led by Major General Edward Mathew. Between May 10th and May 24th, 1779, forces raided economic and military targets up and down the Chesapeake Bay. The speed with which the British moved caught many of the bays' communities by surprise. As a result, resistance by the communities that made up the area were little to none. The British destroyed economically important supplies of tobacco and coal, and destroyed naval ships, port facilities, and storehouses full of military supplies.