Chi Aquilae

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χ Aquilae
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Aquila constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of χ Aquilae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Aquila
Right ascension 19h 42m 34.00828s[1]
Declination +11° 49′ 35.7023″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.292[2] (5.80/6.68)[3]
Characteristics
Spectral type G2 Ib-II + B5 V[3]
U−B color index +0.01[4]
B−V color index +0.56[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) -19.2[2] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 1.75[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -10.11[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 3.82 ± 0.51[1] mas
Distance approx. 900 ly
(approx. 260 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −1.53 (−2.1 + −1)[5]
Details
Luminosity 420[6] L
Temperature 5,545[6] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 3.6[7] km/s
Other designations
47 Aquilae, ADS 12808, BD+11 3955, HD 186203, HIP 96957, HR 7497, SAO 105168
Database references
SIMBAD data

Chi Aquilae (χ Aql, χ Aquilae) is the Bayer designation for a binary star[3] in the equatorial constellation of Aquila, the eagle. This system is bright enough to be seen with the naked eye at a combined visual magnitude of +5.29.[2] Based upon parallax measurements made during the Hipparcos mission, Chi Aquilae is at a distance of approximately 900 light-years (280 parsecs) from Earth.[1]

The two components of χ Aquilae can be separated in the spectrum and their relative brightness has been measured, but their other properties are uncertain. The cool component is a G2 bright giant or supergiant and is visually brighter than the hot component, so it is treated as the primary. The hot component is a late B or A type star, presumed to be a main sequence star.[5][3]

The observed spectrum of the primary star is G2 Ib, a yellow supergiant. It is calculated to have an absolute magnitude of −2.1. The secondary is observed to have a spectral type of B5.5 and is expected to be a main sequence star with an absolute magnitude of −1. However, the brightness difference between a G2 supergiant and a B5.5 dwarf is expected to be larger. It is unclear whether the primary is not a supergiant or the secondary is brighter than a main sequence star.[5]

As of 2004, the secondary is located at an angular separation of 0.418 arcseconds along a position angle of 76.7° from the primary.[8] The separation and position angle are both decreasing.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c Nordström, B.; et al. (May 2004), "The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the Solar neighbourhood. Ages, metallicities, and kinematic properties of ˜14 000 F and G dwarfs", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 418 (3): 989–1019, Bibcode:2004A&A...418..989N, arXiv:astro-ph/0405198Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20035959. 
  3. ^ a b c d Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  4. ^ a b Oja, T. (1991). "UBV photometry of stars whose positions are accurately known. VI". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series (ISSN 0365-0138). 89: 415. Bibcode:1991A&AS...89..415O. 
  5. ^ a b c Ginestet, N.; Carquillat, J. M. (2002). "Spectral Classification of the Hot Components of a Large Sample of Stars with Composite Spectra, and Implication for the Absolute Magnitudes of the Cool Supergiant Components". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 143 (2): 513. Bibcode:2002ApJS..143..513G. doi:10.1086/342942. 
  6. ^ a b McDonald, I.; Zijlstra, A. A.; Boyer, M. L. (2012). "Fundamental parameters and infrared excesses of Hipparcos stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427: 343. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M. arXiv:1208.2037Freely accessible. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. 
  7. ^ Ammler-von Eiff, M.; Reiners, A. (2012). "New measurements of rotation and differential rotation in A-F stars: Are there two populations of differentially rotating stars?". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 542: A116. Bibcode:2012A&A...542A.116A. arXiv:1204.2459Freely accessible. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118724. 
  8. ^ Scardia, M.; et al. (April 2006), "Speckle observations with PISCO in Merate - II. Astrometric measurements of visual binaries in 2004", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 367 (3): 1170–1180, Bibcode:2006MNRAS.367.1170S, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10035.x. 
  9. ^ Hartkopf, William I.; Mason, Brian D.; McAlister, Harold A.; Roberts, Lewis C.; Turner, Nils H.; Ten Brummelaar, Theo A.; Prieto, Cristina M.; Ling, Josefina F.; Franz, Otto G. (2000). "ICCD Speckle Observations of Binary Stars. XXIII. Measurements during 1982-1997 from Six Telescopes, with 14 New Orbits". The Astronomical Journal. 119 (6): 3084. Bibcode:2000AJ....119.3084H. doi:10.1086/301402. 

External links[edit]