Chignik, Alaska

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Chignik
City
Chignik from above
Chignik from above
Chignik is located in Alaska
Chignik
Chignik
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 56°17′54″N 158°24′16″W / 56.29833°N 158.40444°W / 56.29833; -158.40444Coordinates: 56°17′54″N 158°24′16″W / 56.29833°N 158.40444°W / 56.29833; -158.40444
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Lake and Peninsula
Incorporated May 16, 1983[1]
Government
 • Mayor Alana Anderson
 • State senator Lyman Hoffman (D)
 • State rep. Bryce Edgmon (D)
Area[2]
 • Total 15.87 sq mi (41.11 km2)
 • Land 11.39 sq mi (29.49 km2)
 • Water 4.49 sq mi (11.62 km2)
Elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 91
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 87
 • Density 5.48/sq mi (2.12/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP codes 99548, 99564
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-13550
GNIS feature ID 1400269

Chignik (Alutiiq: Cirniq) is a city in Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. It is two hundred and fifty miles southwest of Kodiak. At the 2010 census the population was 91, up from 79 in 2000.

History[edit]

On April 17, 1911, a gale blew ashore numerous ships such as the Benjamin F. Packard, the Star of Alaska, and the Jabez Howes, a three-masted, full-rigged ship owned by the Columbia River Packers Association and used as a cannery tender.

A young special education teacher named Candice Berner was killed by timber wolves in this area on March 8, 2010.[4]

Geography[edit]

Chignik is located at 56°17′54″N 158°24′16″W / 56.29833°N 158.40444°W / 56.29833; -158.40444 (56.298297, −158.404402).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16 square miles (41 km2), 12 sq mi (31 km2) of it is land and 4 sq mi (10 km2) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 224
1950 253 12.9%
1960 99 −60.9%
1970 83 −16.2%
1980 178 114.5%
1990 188 5.6%
2000 79 −58.0%
2010 91 15.2%
Est. 2016 87 [3] −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

Chignik first appeared on the 1940 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village, although it was preceded by "Chignik Bay", which may have included the village and canneries in the surrounding area, including Chignik Lagoon. Chignik Bay reported a population of 193 in 1890[7] (which was majority Asian (121), with 66 White residents, 5 Native Alaskans & 1 Other). It did not report again until 1910 when it had a total of 566 residents, which made it the 13th largest community in the territory of Alaska. This was the last time it appeared on the census until Chignik in 1940.

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 79 people, 29 households, and 20 families residing in the city. The population density was 7 per square mile (3/km²). There were 80 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 32% white, 61% Native American, 3% Asian, 3% Pacific Islander, 1% from other races, and 1% from two or more races. 1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 29 households; 11 had children under the age of 18 living with them, 19 were married couples living together, 2 had a female householder with no husband present, and 8 were non-families. Seven households were individuals and 10 consisted of a sole occupant 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.3.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 25% under the age of 18, 14% from 18 to 24, 33% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, and 5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 114 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,000, and the median income for a family was $51,000. The male and female median incomes were equal, at $31,250. The per capita income for Chignik was $16,000. 5% of the population lived below the poverty line; none were under 18 or over 64 years old.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chignik, Alaska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 31.1
(−0.5)
32.5
(0.3)
34.7
(1.5)
39.5
(4.2)
46.4
(8)
54.9
(12.7)
61.0
(16.1)
60.8
(16)
54.9
(12.7)
45.4
(7.4)
38.4
(3.6)
34.0
(1.1)
44.5
(6.9)
Average low °F (°C) 19.8
(−6.8)
21.1
(−6.1)
23.3
(−4.8)
28.1
(−2.2)
34.9
(1.6)
41.2
(5.1)
46.1
(7.8)
46.6
(8.1)
41.3
(5.2)
34.0
(1.1)
27.7
(−2.4)
23.6
(−4.7)
32.3
(0.2)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 5.88
(149.4)
7.61
(193.3)
6.90
(175.3)
4.87
(123.7)
6.74
(171.2)
6.02
(152.9)
4.31
(109.5)
5.08
(129)
9.74
(247.4)
8.83
(224.3)
10.06
(255.5)
7.22
(183.4)
83.27
(2,115.1)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.5
(19.1)
14.6
(37.1)
6.5
(16.5)
6.7
(17)
0.9
(2.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
5.2
(13.2)
4.5
(11.4)
46.3
(117.6)
Source: [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 38. 
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 22, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ https://www.sott.net/article/285776-Teacher-Candice-Berner-mauled-to-death-by-wolves-in-Alaska
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1890a_v8-01.pdf
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "CHIGNIK, ALASKA - Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary 9/1/1967 to 5/31/1978". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 

External links[edit]