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Chikkupadhyaya was born (around 1640 AD) to RangAcharya and Srimathi NAchiyAramma in TerakanAmbi in Mysore district of Karnataka. His name at birth was Lakshmipathi. He was the elder twin brother of Devaraja. He belonged to a family of Vedic scholars and poets. He traces his lineage to Sri Allaalanatha (Kannada form of the name Arulaala naatha which denotes Kanchi Varadaraja - as described in one of the Hoysala inscriptions,) and the family deity being Kanchi Varadaraja.
He later moved to and settled in Melkote in Mandya district. He belonged to Shatamarshana (Purukuthsa, or Vishnu-vruddha) lineage of Hebbar Srivaishnava community. Nathamuni, Aalavandaar (Yaamunachaarya), Periya Thirumalai nambi and Bhagavadh Raamanuja's mother all belonged to Shatamarshana lineage. Chikkupadhyaya was a disciple of Sri Kadambi Singaracharya.
The title of Chikkupadhyaya was conferred on Lakshmipathi by His Royal Highness Sri Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar for whom he acted as minister and teacher. 'ChikkupAdhyAya' in Kannada means teacher of Sri Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar.
He could be the most prolific writer of Kannada literature. He has more than 30 literary works to his credit. His best known works are Vishnu Purana (1691), Kamalachala Mahatmya (1681), Hastigiri Mahatmya (1679), Rukmangada Charite (1681), Satvikabrahma-Vidya-Vilasa on Visishtadvaita philosophy, and Yadugiri Mahatmya in praise of Kadambi Srirangacharya  His other well-known works are Divya Suri Charitre, a history of the twelve Alvar saints; Artha Panchaka ("Five truths"), on saint Pillai Lokacharya; a commentary on Tiruvayimozhi of mystic-saint Nammalvar; and a collection of seventy songs called Shringarada Hadugalu in praise of his patron Chikka Devaraja (pen-name "Chikkadevaraja").
His works are (1) aksharamAlika sAngathya (2) Amaruka shathaka (3) kamalAchala mahAthmya (4) kAmandaka teekay (5) Chikkadevraja shtungAra padaga;u (6) chithra shathaka sAngathya (7) ThiruvAymozhi teekay (8) divya sUri charithe (9) Neethi shathakada sAngathya (10) paschima ranga mahAthmya (11) purusha virahada sAngathya (12) Yadugiri sAngathya (13) yAdava giri mahAthmya (14) rangadhAma sthuthi sAngathya (15)paschima ranga sAngathya (16) rangaswamiya sUthra udAharaNe (17) rukmangadacharithe (18) Vishnu PurANa (19) Vishnu PurANa gadya (20) Venkatagiri mahAthmya (21) VaidyAmritha teelay (22) shuka sapthathi (23) ShrungAra shathakada sAngathya (24) ALavndhAr sthOthra teeku (25) Bhagavadgeetha teeku (26)Hasthigiri mahAthmya (27)sAthvika brahma vidya vilAsa (28) mukunda mAla teeku (29) sri ranganAtha paduka sahasra teeku (30) Padma purANa samhitha teeku (31) prapannAmritha padya rUpa
- C. Hayavadana Rao (1943)
- K. V. Raman (1975)
- Narasimhacharya (1988), p24
- Pranesh (2003), p31-32
- History of Mysore, 1399-1799 AD, C. Hayavadana Rao, Corresponding Member, INDIAN HISTORICAL RECORDS COMMISSION, 1943, New Delhi.
- Sri Varadarajaswami Temple, Kanchi: A Study of Its History, Art and Architecture - K.V. Raman, 1975, New Delhi.
- Pranesh, Meera Rajaram (2003), Musical Composers during Wodeyar Dynasty (1638-1947 AD), Vee Emm Publications, Bangalore EBK 94056.
- Mysore Gazeteers Volume II
- Bhagavadgeetha teeku, 2011, Academy of Sanskrit Research, Melukote.
- Medieval Indian Literature: An Anthology: Volume 1, K. Ayyappapanicker, Sahitya Akademi - Literary Collections - 1997
- History of Kannada Literature: Readership Lectures - Ramanujapuram Narasimhacharya, Published 1988
- Encyclopaedia of Indian literature - Vol. 1, Sahitya Akademi, Published 1987
- http://www.ramanuja.org/new/tp96/andal_in_andhra_and_k.txt (Srivaishnava bhakthi group)
- https://web.archive.org/web/20061130032824/http://www.memo.fr/article.asp?ID=THE_ART_046 (in French)