|Chilton Foliat shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||363 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Chilton Foliat is a village and civil parish on the River Kennet in Wiltshire, England. The parish is in the North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It is on the county boundary with West Berkshire and is about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northwest of the Berkshire market town of Hungerford.
The parish includes the hamlets of Straight Soley and Crooked Soley.
The ancient parish of Chilton Foliat straddled the Wiltshire/Berkshire border. In 1895 the Berkshire portion, including the village of Leverton and the Chilton Lodge estate, was transferred to Hungerford civil parish.
Chilton Aircraft, a small manufacturer in the 1930s and 1940s, had its factory within the Chilton Lodge estate.
The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary dates from c. 1300. Restoration by Benjamin Ferrey in 1845 included the addition of a south aisle. The church was designated as Grade II* listed in 1966.
Houses in the village include Vine Cottage, from the late 17th century. The Old Rectory, close to the church, is from the mid 18th century. Bridge House carries a date of 1766 but incorporates earlier work.
The gateway leading to Chilton Lodge, and part of its parkland, are within the parish. The house itself, built in 1800 and Grade II* listed, is now in West Berkshire. It replaced an earlier house on the Wiltshire side of the county boundary, which was demolished. Chilton Park Farm, a house in neo-Georgian style, was built on that site in 1940; nearby is an early 18th century barn.
Littlecote House, a Grade I listed country house completed in 1592, now a hotel and leisure centre, is 1 mile (1.6 km) upstream on the other site of the Kennet in Ramsbury parish. Part of its estate is in Chilton Foliat parish.
A Church of England primary school serves Chilton Foliat and nearby villages. A National School opened in 1835, and in 1847 moved to the north side of the main street. In 1970 the school moved to a new building at Stag Hill.
Much of the Kennet floodplain within the parish has been designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), owing to the presence of the rare Desmoulin's whorl snail. An area of watermeadow southwest of the village, Chilton Foliat Meadows, is also an SSSI for its diverse flora and variety of birds.
The 1987 BBC Television programme The Victorian Kitchen Garden, featuring head gardener Harry Dodson (1919–2005), was filmed at Chilton Lodge which lies between Chilton Foliat and the Berkshire hamlet of Leverton.
- "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Crowley, D.A. (ed.). "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 16 pp88-109 – Chilton Foliat". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1034139)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 167. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
- Historic England. "Pearse mausoleum in graveyard (1200638)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- Daily Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/royalty/3130496/Memorial-service-for-Prince-Harrys-godfather-Gerald-Ward.html?image=6
- "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Chilton Foliat". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Vine Cottage (1300629)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Old Rectory (1034140)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Bridge House (1365460)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Chilton Lodge (1211296)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Barn and Horse Gin, Chilton Park Farmhouse (1300689)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Wheatsheaf public house (1034145)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Chilton Foliat". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Chilton Foliat CE VA Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Leapman, Michael (20 September 2005). "Harry Dodson, gardener on 'the Victorian Kitchen Garden'". The Independent. London.
- Crowley, D.A. (ed.); Baggs, A.P.; Freeman, Jane; Smith, C.; Stevenson, Janet H.; Williamson, E. (1999). A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 16: Kinwardstone hundred. Victoria County History. pp. 88–109.
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