The Chinchipe River is a river on the border between Ecuador and Peru. It rises in Ecuador, in the Zamora-Chinchipe Province, in the Podocarpus National Park. Then it flows through the Piura Region, and the Cajamarca Region in the San Ignacio Province of Peru. The river flows into the Maranon River.
The basin formed by the river covers an area of 9,686.96 km2.
The river originates in Ecuador at the confluence of the Palanda and Numbala rivers. It changes its name when crossing the border into Peru. In Ecuador and Peru, the river is also known as Canananbo, Chuquimayo, or Mayo.
One of the oldest cultures of the Andes developed in its basin. This is now known as Mayo-Chinchipe culture.
Mayo River (Peru) is also a small river in the same general area.
The main tributaries that form the water catchment area of Chinchipe river are:
- In the province of Zamora Chinchipe (Ecuador):
River Palanda, river Numbala, Isimanchi river, and Canchis river.
- In the department of Cajamarca (Peru):
River Chirinos, and river Tabaconas.
- Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Mayo Chinchipe - Marañón archaeological landscape". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
- Team, Organization for the Development of Border Communities of El Cenepa Research (2010). Peru: A Chronicle of Deception : Attempts to Transfer the Awajún Border Territory in the Cordillera Del Condor to the Mining Industry. IWGIA. ISBN 9788791563737.