Magnolia delavayi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Chinese evergreen magnolia)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese evergreen magnolia
Magnolia delavayi 2012.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Magnoliaceae
Genus: Magnolia
Subgenus:
Magnolia
Species:
M. delavayi
Binomial name
Magnolia delavayi
Synonyms
  • Lirianthe delavayi (Franch.) N.H.Xia & C.Y.Wu
  • Magnolia carpunii Romanov & A.V.Bobrov

Magnolia delavayi is a species of flowering plant in the genus Magnolia. It is known by the common names of Chinese evergreen magnolia or Delavay's magnolia. It was named after Father Delavay, French Catholic missionary in China, who collected it.

Description[edit]

Magnolia delavayi's flower

Magnolia delavayi is a small evergreen tree 8–15 metres (26–49 ft) in height with gray to grayish-black bark. The leaves are ovate to ovate-oblong, 10–20 cm (rarely to 32 cm) long and 5–10 cm (rarely to 20 cm) broad, tough, leathery, with a 5–7 cm petiole.[1]

The flowers are fragrant, cup-shaped, 15–25 cm broad, with nine thick, creamy white to pink tepals; stamens ca. 210 and ovoid gynoecium with ca. 100 carpels.[1]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

M. delavayi is native to southern China, occurring in Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan at 1,500-2,800 m of elevation.[1]

Ecology[edit]

In its native habitat, flowering occurs from April to June. It grows on wet slopes on limestone areas.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

Magnolia delavayi is grown as an ornamental tree for its evergreen foliage as well as flowers. It is uncommon though increasing in cultivation elsewhere, such as in California. A recently selected red-flowered form is becoming popular in cultivation.

Magnolia delavayi is the city tree of Chongqing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Lirianthe delavayi in Flora of China @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 2017-07-31.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hunt, D. (ed). (1998). Magnolias and their allies. International Dendrology Society and Magnolia Society. ISBN 0-9517234-8-0
  • Rivers, M.C. & Wheeler, L. 2014. Magnolia delavayi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014. Downloaded on 8 October 2015.

External links[edit]