Akebia quinata

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Akebia quinata
Akebia quinata02.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Lardizabalaceae
Genus: Akebia
Species: A. quinata
Binomial name
Akebia quinata
(Houtt.) Decne.
Synonyms

Rajania quinata Houtt.

Akebia quinata, commonly known as chocolate vine, five-leaf chocolate vine,[1] or five-leaf akebia, is a shrub that is native to Japan, China and Korea, and naturalized in the eastern United States from Georgia to Michigan to Massachusetts.[2][3][4]

Appearance[edit]

A. quinata grows to 10 m (30 ft) or more in height and has compound leaves with five leaflets. The flowers are clustered in racemes and are chocolate-scented, with three or four sepals. The fruits are sausage-shaped pods which contain edible pulp.[2][5] The gelatinous placentation contains seeds that have a sweet flavor.[citation needed]

Synonyms[edit]

In China, A. quinata is referred to as 木通 – mù tōng (Pinyin) or mu tung (Wade-Giles) – meaning "woody thoroughgoing (plant)". It is also occasionally known as 通草 – tōng cǎo (Pinyin) or tung tsao (Wade-Giles) – meaning "thoroughgoing grass".

Uses[edit]

The rind, with a slight bitter taste, is used as vegetable, e.g., stuffed with ground meat and deep-fried. The vines are traditionally used for basket-weaving.[6]

The stem contains approximately 30% potassium salts thus causing a diuretic action.[7][unreliable medical source?]

Regulation[edit]

A. quinata is listed in the National Pest Plant Accord list which identifies pest plants that are prohibited from sale, commercial propagation, and distribution across New Zealand.

Etymology[edit]

‘Akebia’ comes from the Japanese vernacular name, ‘akebi’ (アケビ).[8]

‘Quinata’ means ‘divided into five’, and is presumably a reference to its lobed leaves.[8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 345. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Retrieved 25 January 2016 – via Korea Forest Service. 
  2. ^ a b Levy-Yamamori, Ran; Ran Levy; Gerard Taaffe (2004). Garden Plants of Japan. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-650-7. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  3. ^ "Akebia quinata". Flora of China. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  4. ^ Flora of North America vol 3
  5. ^ Decaisne, Joseph. Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 1: 195, pl. 13a. 1839.
  6. ^ taken from ja:アケビ (2011.11.3(Thu) 12:08)
  7. ^ Reid, Daniel (2001), "A Handbook of Chinese Healing Herbs", Tuttle Publishing, ISBN 962-593-988-1. Retrieved on 2009-05-20.
  8. ^ a b Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 40, 324

External links[edit]