Choi has conducted archaeological research on the Mumun Pottery Period, the rise of civilization, ancient cities, and states. Although they are truly multi-authored publications, Choi is credited as the author of many archaeological site reports from Jeonnam University and Seoul National University Museum.
Choi Mong-lyong served as Assistant Dean of the Faculty of Humanities at SNU in the late 1980s and was the Director of the Seoul National University Museum from 1995 to 1999. He has been a member of the National Heritage Committee of Korea since 1999. Choi is a past president of the Korean Ancient Historical Society.
Selected Bibliography of works by Choi Mong-lyong
Dolmens of Korea, Archaeology. Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia 2, 2000.
Origin and Distribution of Korean Dolmens. Hanguk Sanggosa Hakbo [Journal of the Korean Ancient Historical Society] 39, 1999.
Trade in Wiman State Formation. In Pacific Northeast Asia in Prehistory, edited by C. Melvin Aikens and Song-nai Rhee, pp. Washington State University, Pullman, 1992.
(with Rhee Song-nai, senior author). Emergence of Complex Society in Prehistoric Korea. Journal of World Prehistory 6(1):51-95, 1992.
A Study of Youngsan River Valley Culture. PhD dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, 1984.