Saxifraga cotyledon

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Saxifraga cotyledon
Bergfrue, Chondrosea cotyledon.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Saxifragaceae
Genus: Saxifraga
S. cotyledon
Binomial name
Saxifraga cotyledon

Saxifraga cotyledon,[1][2] the pyramidal saxifrage, occurs in the mountains of Europe and has rosettes about 20 centimetres (8 in) across of tongue-shaped leaves, beaded but not toothed. In May or June the tall panicles of white flowers, branched and pyramidal in outline, may reach 60 cm (24 in). It is one of Norway's two national flowers (chosen in 1935). Its relationship to the "silver saxifrages" (Saxifraga sect. Ligulatae) remains to be resolved to full satisfaction.


Saxifraga cotyledon has an Arctic–alpine distribution, occurring in Scandinavia, Iceland, the Western Alps and the Pyrenees.[1][2]


To produce flowers it sometimes is necessary to remove and save for propagation all side rosettes. The flowering rosette dies after blooming.


  1. ^ a b "Fjällbrud, Saxifraga cotyledon L." Den virtuella floran (in Swedish). Naturhistoriska riksmuseet. August 14, 2006. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Manfred A. Fischer, Wolfgang Adler & Karl Oswald (2005). "Steinbrechblütige / Saxifraganae". Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (in German). Linz: Oberösterreichische Landesmuseen. p. 392. ISBN 978-3-85474-140-4.

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