The chord organ is a kind of home organ that typically has a single short keyboard and a set of chord buttons, enabling the musician to play a melody or lead with one hand and accompanying chords with the other, like the accordion. It was invented by Laurens Hammond in 1950 (model S-6) as an electronic home organ based on vacuum-tube circuits, similar to his earlier Novachord and Solovox models. In addition to Hammond, also Wurlitzer, Farfisa and Estey Organ made electronic chord organs.
In 1958, Magnus Organ Corporation introduced its electric chord organs, similar to electrically blown small home reed organs. Since then, chord organs were generally designed as instruments for beginners, and separated from the mainstream of home electronic organs. In addition to Magnus, also Emenee, Bontempi and Belcanto made electric chord organs.
Chord organ musicians
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (November 2015)|
- Daniel Johnston
- The Microphones/Mount Eerie
- Modest Mouse (on the album Sad Sappy Sucker)
- The Music Tapes
- Elliott Smith
- Paul Tesluk (of Johnny and the Hurricanes rock group)
- Cortney Tidwell
- "Laurens Hammond". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2014.
His later inventions included ... the chord organ (1950), on which chords are produced simply by touching a panel button.
- Wurlitzer Model 4100 BP (1959–1963) has chord unit on lower left. See image for details.
- "Farfisa Model VIP-205R". Combo Organ Heaven.
- "New Estey Chord Organs". The Milwaukee Sentinel. April 8, 1961. p. 37.
- "'Play by Numbers' Organ Hottest Musical Merchandise". Billboard (magazine). May 11, 1959. p. 1.
- "The Strydel/Emenee Story" (PDF). Stryker Area Heritage Council.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chord organs.|
- "The Hammond Chord Organ". Cook County Forest Preserve District. 2003. Archived from the original on 2013-07-11.
- "Disassembly Photographs of a Small Electric Chord Organ". Take It Apart dot net. 28 May 2006. Archived from the original on 2009-04-12.
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