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Electone is the trademark used for electronic organs produced by Yamaha. With the exception of the top end performance models, most Electones are based on the design on the spinet electronic organ. Current models are completely digital and contain a variety of sounds, effects, and accompaniments, on top of the ability to store programming data onto memory devices.
After Hammond pioneered the electronic organ in the 1930s, other manufacturers began to market their own versions of the instrument. By the end of the 1950s, familiar brand names of home organs in addition to Hammond included Conn, Kimball, Lowrey, and others, while companies such as Allen and Rodgers manufactured large electronic organs designed for church and other public settings.
The Yamaha Electone series debuted in 1959 with the D-1, a home instrument. By 1980, with the market waning sharply, and some manufacturers ceasing production, the Electone line embraced digital technology. This allowed Electone’s survival as the traditional home electronic organ market dried up.
By the 1980s, many of the most famous names had ceased home production, but the Electone successfully transitioned to the modern world of digital synthesizers, now competing with such new electronic products as Moog Music, Wersi, and later Kurzweil. Electones were to be found not only in homes, especially in Japan and elsewhere in the East Asia, but also in bands and other solo and group public performances.
Notable former models
Yamaha began exporting Electones to the United States, starting with the D-2B in 1967.
- 1968 — EX-21 prototype
- Different from prior Electones, it was expressly designed for stage performances.
- 1970 — EX-42
- This became Yamaha's first commercially available stage model Electone. It was also the first to use integrated circuits, although it was still based on analogue technology.
- 1974 — Designing of Electones around synthesisers, instead of organs
- 1974 — CSY-1
- Based on the SY-1 synthesizer.
- 1975 — GX-1 (a.k.a. GX-707)
- The first polyphonic synthesizer in Electone form, bridging the gap between synthesizer and organ. It used velocity-sensitive keyboards and the solo keyboard was even after-touch sensitive. Some notable users of the GX-1 include Richard D. James, Stevie Wonder, Keith Emerson, John Paul Jones of Led Zeppelin, and Benny Andersson of ABBA.
- 1977 — E-70
- One of the first home based organs to feature Yamaha's PASS (Pulse Analog Synthesis System) in a console cabinet.
- 1983 to 1986 — FC/FE/FS/FX series
- Featured FM (Frequency Modulation) tone generators and the FX series featured the company's first digitally sampled sounds for the onboard percussion/rhythm units. The F series Electones were the first to allow users to digitally save registrations via pistons and then save them to RAM packs or an external disk drive unit: MDR-1.
- 1987 — HS/HX series
- Electones became more digital here. It used more integrated circuit technology to make components smaller, and hence allowed for a sleeker design. The HX/HS series was the first to use AWM (Advance Wave Memory) "sampling" technology for both voices and rhythms, and also featured 16-operator FM voices. AWM Voice expansion is also possible via sound packs.
- 1991 — EL series
- This series included an attached Music Disk Recorder which enabled players to record their registrations and performances, thus eliminating the need for extensive programming before each performance. The EL series introduced new synthesisers, filtering, and expression technologies that made instrument voices on the Electone even more realistic. Voice technology continued to be based on AWM and FM technologies.
- 1996 — AR series
- The AR100, and its junior model the AR80 (released in 1997), were designed for the US and European market, and reverted to the more traditional cabinet design. Using purely AWM voices, the most distinctive feature of the series is its 384 preset registrations. A huge increase compared to only 5 presets on the EL series.
- 1998 — EL900
- Visually similar to the EL90 model from 1991, but with more voices, rhythms and effects, the most significant change of this model is the inclusion of VA (Virtual Acoustic) voices. These voices, or preset sounds, do not use sampling technology but is instead based on modeling. Thus providing a different level of authenticity.
Glossary of common Electone terms
- Auto Bass Chord. Auto accompaniment function, in the form of backing chords and effects, activated when the lower keyboard is held while rhythms are playing.
- Advanced Wave Memory
- Yamaha's sound sampling technology introduced in the 90s. As of 2014, AWM has evolved to generation two and is usually termed AWM2 or AWMII.
- Frequency Modulation
- Yamaha's sound modeling technology used in Electones from the 70s to 90s. The final model to feature FM technology is the EL900 and all its variants.
- Keyboard Percussion
- Drums and percussion sounds that can be assigned to both keyboards and the pedalboard. Also used to create custom drum rhythms.
- Lead Voice
- The solo voice typically used for the melody line. Lead voices are monophonic on all Electone models.
- Lower Keyboard Voice
- General term referring to sounds selected and assigned to the lower keyboard. Polyphonic by preset.
- Music Data Recorder (MDR, before Electone Stagea named Music Disc Recorder)
- Memory storage device installed to, or part of Electone models from the HS series onwards. Allows storage and quick call up of complex sound and rhythm settings.
- Melody On Chord (MOC)
- Harmonizing effect activated on the lower keyboard based on note played on the upper keyboard.
- Pedal Voice
- General term referring to sounds selected and assigned to the pedalboard. Monophonic by preset except on the latest ELS-02 series.
- Electone term referring to sounds selected for each keyboard and the pedal board. Includes also rhythm pattern selected. Also refers to user memory slots available on the Electone itself.
- Drum patterns available on the Electone. Comes with different accompaniments.
- Rhythm Sequence Program (RSP)
- Sequencing function used to string different rhythm patterns together. When activated, the entire sequence plays by itself regardless of sound or memory changes on the Electone, thus allowing the player to concentrate on performance. Also allows for auto changing of registrations.
- Rhythm Pattern Program (RPP)
- Programming function for designing custom drum patterns and accompaniments.
- Upper Keyboard Voice
- General term referring to sounds selected and assigned to the upper keyboard. Polyphonic by preset.
- Virtual Acoustic
- Yamaha's sound modeling technology introduced with the EL900 in 1998. Features higher realism compared to Frequency Modulation. Continues to be available in top end models as of 2014.
- General term referring to sounds on the Electone.
In 2004, Yamaha launched the STAGEA series. This series uses all AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) voices and features over 180 digital effects, built-in registration menus, VA (Virtual Acoustic) voices, and a Style-File compatible expanded rhythm and accompaniment section. AWM is the proprietary sound sampling technology of Yamaha.
Models in this series are:
ELS-01: The standard model
ELS-01C: The custom model, carrying the ability to use the VA voices, Pitch and Tempo Bends, After touch on the pedal keyboard, horizontal touch and after pitch, along with other features, and lastly,
ELS-01X: The professional model - taking the ELS-01C, it adds 61-note keyboards, a 25-note pedal board and XLR external audio jacks.
The STAGEA ELS-01 series was officially distributed only in Asian countries.
In 2006, Yamaha added the ELB-01 model to the lineup. This is a students' model, with 245 AWM voices and 133 accompaniment rhythms, but without voice or rhythm editing capabilities.
In 2008, Yamaha added The D-Deck (DDK-7 in some markets), which is the portable version of the ELS-01 with a more compact body, 61 keys on the lower keyboard and an optional pedalboard. The D-Deck comes with all the features of the ELS-01, with the additions also of Organ Flute voices and a second expression pedal.
In 2009, the STAGEA typeU series was launched, with only hardware differences between them and their original counterparts. The typeU version omitted the floppy drive UD-FD01 and the Smart-Media card slot.
In April 2014, Yamaha launched the STAGEA ELS-02 series. This series features Super Articulation voices, on top of over 900 AWM sounds, 96 VA voices, pedalboard polyphony, effects, and 566 accompaniment rhythms. The ELS-01, ELS-01C and ELS-01X can also be upgraded to the current series by the use of a "Vitalize" unit.
The STAGEA ELS-02 series currently has three models:
ELS-02: The standard model, with 506 AWM voices including Super Articulation voices, 506 accompaniment rhythms, and hundreds of audio effects.
ELS-02C: The custom model. Other than all the features of the ELS-02, it has an additional 60 AWM voices, VA voices, Organ Flutes voices (with digital drawbars), a second expression pedal, horizontal keyboard touch, and pedal board aftertouch.
ELS-02X: The professional model, which contains all the features of the ELS-02C but with both keyboards expanded to 61 keys and the pedalboard expanded to 25 full pedals.
Unlike the first STAGEA series, the STAGEA ELS-02 series is distributed in both Asia and Mexico.
In May 2016, the ELB-02 model will be launched as a revamp of the ELB-01 model with more voices and rhythms added as well as the "after touch" feature on the upper and lower keyboards.
International Electone Festival / International Electone Concours
The International Electone Festival (IEF) / International Electone Concours (IEC) was a worldwide Electone Organ competition organized by Yamaha back in the early 1970s. The competition featured both the performer and the Electone instrument itself. The IEF finals from its early concept were held in Japan every year until 1984 when it was held in Los Angeles. Afterwards Yamaha began holding subsequent IEF finals in other cities around the world including Hamburg, Toronto, Paris, Hong Kong, Mexico and Singapore before returning to its home in Japan.
Notable musicians who were invited to be part of the adjudication panel included film composer Jerry Goldsmith and Keith Emerson of Emerson, Lake & Palmer. Participants in the IEF finals had to be at least 16 years of age and competed for medal awards and cash prizes. On almost every occasion, there was one "Grand Prize" recipient who would receive a gold medal and cash prize which in its last years totalled $10,000US. Before 1982, a selection of participants were also presented with special Winner's prizes and the number of recipients of this award varied from year to year. After 1982, "Most Outstanding Performance" awards were presented to two (or in some instances three or four) participants who would receive a silver medal and cash prize, and "Outstanding Performance" awards were usually presented to three participants who would receive a bronze medal and cash prize. On rare occasions at IEF finals, a special President's award may also have been presented to one performer. Known as the "Kawakami Prize" it was named after renowned Yamaha Music Corporation President Genichi Kawakami and consisted of a special bronze medal and cash prize very similar to the "Outstanding Performance" award. In the early 1990s Yamaha ceased to sponsor the event. It became too expensive to produce and electronic organ sales declined.
International Electone Festival/Concours Finals:
|Anniversary||Year||City, Country||Venue, Instrument model(s)||Grand Prix award||Most Outstanding & Outstanding awards||Kawakami award||Special Jury award||Finalist (Country) - Selection|
|9th||1972||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||EX-42, E-3, E-5||*Claude Dupras (Canada) - Raindrops, *Rocco Ferrante Jr (U.S.) - Yesterday and Night, *Tomoyo Miyama (Japan) - Rhapsody||*Akira ("Masa") Matsuda (Japan) - The Closed World, *Mutsuko Okumura (Japan) - In Berlin, *唯井 明代 Shibahara (Japan) - C Sharp Minor Waltz, *Sebastian Cacabelos Soutullo (Venezuela) - Garcia Rhapsody, *Georges Fleury - (Switzerland) - Love You||N/A||*芝原 くるみ (Japan) - Theme from Ironside,||*Greg Moeser (Australia) - Jesus Christ Superstar, *Gordon Griffiths (United Kingdom) - Beatles Medley, *Henk Balijon (Netherlands) - Love You, *Billy Tsong (Hong Kong) - Wind Whisper, *Andy Alley Ono (Indonesia) - Beatles Medley, *Carmen Tamés Mejiá (Mexico) - Son de la Negra, *Francisco ("Toti") Fuentes (Philippines) - From Bach to Bacharach, *Ludolff Smuts Wium (South Africa) - Black Orpheus, *Teresa Filmer (Singapore) - Jesus Christ Superstar, *Inn Shien Huang (Taiwan) - Mr Lucky, *M.L.Pratintip Devakula (Thailand) - Trish Trash Polka, *Lyman E. Strong (U.S.) - Bacharach Medley, *Michael Schau (West Germany) - Love You, *照井 栞 (Japan) - Wife and Girlfriend, *Reiko Kashiwagi (Japan) - Pictures at an Exhibition,.|
|10th||1973||Nemu-no sato, Japan||EX-42, E-5||*Bobby Lyle (U.S.) - Dance of Love and Peace, *Akira ("Masa") Matsuda (Japan) - Mysterious Dimension, *唯井 明代 Shibahara (Japan) - Eruption||*Yoshi Osamu Nakagawa (Japan) - Alice caught in the Looking Glass, *Maritess Salientes (Philippines) - Passacaglia in C Minor, *Raimund Pranschke (West Germany) - Borikuito, *Hendra Widjaja (Indonesia) - Days of Wine and Roses||*Martha Patricia Morales Barrera (Mexico) - Uapango||N/A||*Dirk Leonard (Australia) - George Gershwin Medley, *Julio Camargo Carone (Brazil) - Bebe, *Rodger Niznik (Canada) - Goldfinger, *Robert Jansen (Netherlands) - Burt Bacharach Medley, *Leandro Bautista (Hong Kong) - Lullaby of Birdland, *Hoon Kim Huat (Malaysia) - Wan Chu Chin, *Ove Hetland (Norway) - Dry Leaves, *Theuns Van Rensburg (South Africa) - Work Song, *Cheng Tau Sin (Singapore) - Valley of the Evening Twilight, *Jose Villacanas (Spain) - People, *Huang Ming Cheng (China) - Cabaret, *Raht Ketusingha (Thailand) - PROMISES! PROMISES! PROMISES!', *James Friemark (U.S.) - Wizard of Oz, *Jose Garcia Guinot (Venezuela) - My System.|
|11th||1974||Nemu-no Sato, Japan||EX-42, E-5||*Socorro De Castro (U.S.) - Theme from The Mod Squad, *Reiko Kashiwagi (Japan) - Prelude||*Kenriyou Yoshimoto (Japan) - Freedom Jazz Dance, *Hiromi Sato (Japan) - Invitation to the 21st Century, *Yayoi Yoshida (Japan) - Apple Pie, *Claude Lander (Switzerland) - Cathedral, *Alvin Kwok (Hong Kong) - Abrupt End||*James Levesque (U.S.) - George Gershwin Medley,||N/A||*Russell Finch (Australia) - One Note Samba, *Jacqueline Reggio (Brazil) - Mojave, *Fabio Valente (Brazil) - A Espera, *Relly Coloma (Canada) - I Got Rhythm, *Hugo Alvarado (Mexico) - La Malaguena, *Carolyn Kleiner (Philippines) - Taghoy ng Lupa, *Dorothy Shaw (Singapore) - Dawn,.|
|12th||1975||Nemu-no Sato, Japan||GX-1||*Yayoi Hirabe (Japan) - Rhapsody on GX||*Manuel Panta (Philippines) - Bach/Tchaikovsky Medley, *Summer Kei Horiba (Japan) - Sinfonia, *Width 滋美 (Japan) - Police Woman, *Tamam Hoesein (Indonesia) - Es Lilin, *Tito Enriquez (Mexico) - Fantasia Latin America||N/A||N/A||*Julie-Ann Hanlon (Australia) - Wind Blues "Pictures at an Exhibition" *Günter Schwarz (Austria) - September, *Nilson Zago (Brazil) - Bruno de Jekibau Baranso, *Antonio Macedo (Brazil) - Samba Samba Samba, *Darcy Naife (Canada) - Eleanor Rigby, *Louis Tortora (France) - Soleado, *Gilbert Lo (Hong Kong) - Motion Pictures, *Larry Keenan (U.S.) - Space, *John Modrowsky (U.S.) - Beatles Medley.|
|13th||1976||Nemu-no Sato, Japan||GX-1||*Yumiko Tanaka (Japan) - Divertimento||*Ito 由実子 (Japan) - Autumn in Sofia, *Sensho Hayashi (Japan) - Waves Of Light, *Raht Ketusingha (Australia) - Australia, *David Smith (United Kingdom) - 1812 Overture, *Gilbert Lo (Hong Kong) - Fantasy on GX, *Bupha Dhamabuttr (Thailand) - Ashanji||*Hiromi Sato (Japan) - Meditation on 25 O'Clock||N/A||*Guy Tassé (Canada) - All You, *Ruud Jansen (Netherlands) - Love Confessions, *Luis Carlos González (Mexico) - Latin Dawn, *Omar Guzmán (Mexico) - Tarkus, *Miriam Uyboco (Philippines) - Music Moments, *Frank Loch (U.S.) - Chopin Impressions, *Paul Doerrfeld (U.S.) - An American in Paris, *Luis Jose Arias (Venezuela) - Concerto for Voice.|
|14th||1977||Nemu-no sato, Japan||GX-1||*Oshima Michiru (Japan) - Gloria||*Width 滋美 (Japan) - Dancing "18", *南部 昌江 (Japan) - Sunrise, *Danny Baker (U.S.) - Christine's Samba, *Rodger William Niznik (Canada) - Manipulation, *Louie J. Ocampo (Philippines) - Moods of Tina||*Jenny Tjahjono (Indonesia) - Sunset||N/A||*Bryan William Roberts (Australia) - Impressions of the Ionosphere, *Cèlio Balona Passos (Brazil) - Kantika, *Raul Castaño Escobar (Columbia) - Latin Landscapes, *José Alberto González (Costa Rica) - Diary of a Computer, *Louis Tortora (France) - Revolution, *Skip Van Rooy (Netherlands) - Nature *Leong Wai Meng (Singapore) - August 2nd, *Kumiko Kodera (Japan) - Tip-Top-Fly.|
|15th||1978||Nemu-no sato, Japan||GX-1||*Skip Van Rooy (Netherlands) - Relationships||*Rosy Chua (Malaysia) - Elite, *Michael Gundlach (West Germany) - Final Four Times, *Masashi Huzita (Japan) - Symphonic Rhapsody, *Yumiko Santon (Japan) - Airship Marshmallows, *Ito Yumiko (Japan) - Steps of September||*Jeannette G.R.Casuga (Philippines) - Neptune's Chamber||N/A||*Fernando Cruz (Mexico) - Toreador Banquet, *Fu-Mei Ma (China) - The Sea of Happiness, *Raimund Pranschke (West Germany) - Love Dance, *Isaac S. Rosenthal (U.S.) - Portrait of America, *Cheryl M.Smith (Australia) - Voyage to Peace, *Julia H.P.Wee (Singapore) - Piper Dreams, *Yasuo Miyauti (Japan) - Hamlet Overture, *大野 三知代 (Japan) - Let's Dance a Waltz.|
|16th||1979||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||GX-1||*Nozomi Moroi (Japan) - Windward Passage||*Hiroko Kawata (Japan) - Musica?, *Sensho Hayashi (Japan) - Eternal Sea, *Michael Behymer (U.S.) - Two Variations of One Theme, *Eileen Ng Ai Ling (Singapore) - Reflection of You, Yumi Nakata (Japan) - Bright Future||N/A||N/A||*Phillip K. Keveren (U.S.) - Portrait, *Paul August Li (Indonesia) - The Grey Shadow, *Tzer-Shiun Lin (China) - Mental Anguish, *Mark D.Matthews (Australia) - Corroboree on a Summer Day, *Maria Corazon Perez (Philippines) - Lost In A Dream.|
|17th||1980||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||GX-1||*Yasuyuki Kasori (Japan) - Grand Sinfonia No.2||*Hiroko Kawata (Japan) - Cosmic Rhapsody, *Akira Kobayashi (Japan) - Fiesta: One Two, *Yoshiko Doi (Japan) - Summer Dreaming '80, *Michael Gundlach (West Germany) - Workshop||N/A||N/A||*Juan Carlos de Martini (Argentina) - El Maltrecho, *Lynda Hulford (Australia) - Tracy, *Mervin Mauthe (Canada) - Oceanic Suite, *Yongyos Saengphaibul (Thailand) - New Breath of the New City, *Roberto Fuentes (Uruguay) - Imagenes de Montevideo, *Phillip Keveren (U.S.) - Cascade Suite, *Eleonora Paolino (Venezuela) - En Busca de una Esperanza, .|
|18th||1981||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||GX-1||*Reiko Matsumoto (Japan) - Daiwa Maharoba, *Natsue Enda (Japan) - Fantasia Alpha||*Tatsuko Torii (Japan) - Pure, *Noriaki Rin (Japan) - Autumn Door||*Eduardo Tadeu Montoro (Brazil) - Soldier Boy||N/A||Luis Fernando Luna Guarneros (Mexico) - Maniixni, *Yung Man Leng (Singapore) - Horizon, *Staffan Hedman (Sweden) - Aiolos, *Dan Rodowicz (U.S.) - Comme Le Jour|
|19th||1982||Tokyo, Japan||GX-1/EX-1/D-85||Yasuo Miyauchi (Japan) - 荒城の月変奏曲||*Kiyoko Koyama (Japan) - The Sphinx, *Yukie Tsunokuma (Japan) - Quincy Quincy,||*Piergiorgio Marotti (Italy) - Model F, *Tomoko Yoshida (Japan) - Appassionata, *Tohru Yoshizawa (Japan) - African Symphony, *Walter Stowasser (West Germany) - The Barber of Seville||N/A||*Deanna MacDonald (Canada) - Armageddon, *Ian Sell (Australia) - Transition, *Miho Kodama (Japan) - Dark Eyes, *Enrique Ordoñez Martinez (Mexico) - Barada Mehikana, *Alberto Vicente Santos (Philippines) - Ulilang Bituin, *Stanley Koyama (U.S.) - Cheek to Cheek/I've Got Rhythm, *Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro (Brazil) - Sintonia, *Soh Wee Tee (Singapore) - Forgotten Empire|
|20th||1983||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/FX-1||Keiko Tanimura (Japan) - Come Glorious Light Again (K.Tanimura)||*John Teare Corlett (Australia) - Switched on Sonatas, *Lupita Romero Ponce (Mexico) - Flight of the Bumblebee, *Mizuno Yoshiko (Japan) - Phoenix, *Katsuse Truth (Japan) - Creation,||*Lennart Palm (Sweden) - Endless Pain,, *Yuki Huzihara (Japan) - Pioneer Pulse, *Ishizaki Miyuki (Japan) - Hymn Republic, *Hiroko Muta (Japan) - Departure,||N/A||*Lennie Campbell (Canada) - Eurasia, *Carlton Liu (Hong Kong) - Variations in C Major, *Didier Montellier (France) - Hallelujah, *Hidebrand Brasil Bordi (Brazil) - Railroad, *Norman Adviento Agatep (Philippines) - Likha, *Marcel Josef Himbert (West Germany) - Sinfonia, *Edward M. Goldfarb (U.S.) - Excerpts from the Suite for Violin and Jazz Piano,.[vague]|
|21st||1984||Los Angeles, U.S.||/FX-1||Tatsuko Torii (Japan) - The Skyscraper (T.Torii)||*Thomas Folenta (U.S.) - Tomarbar, *Toshinori Suzuki (Japan) - Eternal Sea||*Luis Estrella (Spain) - Rhapsody In Blue, *Ya-Hui Wang (Singapore) - Toccata, *Hanson Tan (Philippines) - Bursting Out||N/A||*Joan Misako Nakanmoto (Canada) - Tarkus, *Greg Norrod (U.S.) - Journey To Perfection, - Gasto Alberto Marsanich (Italy) - Toccata, *Mark Wyer (Australia) - War Of The Worlds, *Hector Manuel Islas Licona (Mexico) - Luzarkana, * Ronald H.Van Barele (Netherlands) - Musica Esperanto, *Erik Holsten (Norway) - Progressive Tension.|
|22nd||1985||Hamburg Germany||/FX-1||Toshio Mori (Japan) - 流火(Ryuuka)||*Sueko Tsunoda (Japan) - Bright Times, *Ya-Hui Wang (Singapore) - Eternal Sea||*Jan Veenje (Netherlands) - Symphony Historique, *Mei-Li Pai (Taiwan) - Tropical Isle Emerald, *Gregory Brian Mackintosh (U.S.) - Baroque, Be-Bop, Ballad, Brass||N/A||*Andrew Leonard Campbell (Canada) - Scenescape, *Stela Jizar Orfano Caldeira (Brazil) - Baiao Brásil, *Stefan Flemmerer (West Germany) - Ever Changing Moods, *Bruno Yamasaki Matsumoto (Mexico) - La Fuerza de los Imperios, *Ferruccio Premici (Italy) - Il Vole del Calabrene, *Nicklas Sivelöw (Sweden) - Finding the Way, *Deone Lee Wilson (Australia) - Creation, the Sixth Day,|
|23rd||1986||Toronto, Canada||/FX-1||Chihiro Yamashita (Japan) - 華麗なるファンタジー(A Fantasia)||*Louis Tortora (France) - Variations from Suspiria, *Norikazu Kawano (Japan) - 時経(Picturesque Time)||*Mary Ueda Ritsuko (Canada) - Petrouchka, *Stephen Kurniawan Tamadji (Indonesia) - Sunset In Bali, *Stefan Flemmerer (West Germany) - Barock||N/A||*John Gregory Matas Aquias (Philippines) - Likha, *John Donald Bates (U.K) - Touch, *Paul Joseph Doerrfeld (U.S.) - Chorale and Fantasy on "Simple Gifts, *George Charles Heldt (Canada) - Riches to Rage, *Shane Michael Parker (Australia) - Scheherazade (The Festival at Baghdad), *Nicklas Lars Sivelöw (Sweden) - Into a New World, *Jorge Raul Suarez (Argentina) - Juana Azurduy, *Ricardo Uma (Costa Rica) - Carmina Burana.|
|24th||1987||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/FX-1||Yukio Nakamura (Japan) - Somewhere In The Night (Y.Nakamura)||*Risa Funaki (Japan) - Rise Of Spring, *Arturo Sánchez Guzzi (Mexico) - Grados Indigenas||*Jason Nyberg (U.S.) - Strike It Up, *Warwick Dunham (Australia) - Excerpts from Bernstein's 'Mass', *Racquel Ayeras Rañola (Philippines) - Silver Screen.||*Risa Funaki (Japan) - Rise of Spring||*Kaon Koo (Canada) - Rain Walk, *Terence Swee-Seng Teo (Singapore) - Olympia, *Roberto Cedeño Laya (Venezuela) - Sonata Venezolana, *Lena Sannerstig (Sweden) - Die Fledermaus Overture, *Martin Harris (United Kingdom) - Contrasts, *Rainer Georg Dittrich (West Germany) - The Eternal Stream, *Gabriel Huynh (France) - Si, C'etait Demain,.|
|25th||1988||Paris, France||/HX-1||Jason Geh (Malaysia) - Hallucination (J.Geh)||*Tatsuki Watanabe Atsushi (Japan) - And The Sun Shines!, *Mia Soetanto (Indonesia) - Evening In Bali||*Valérie Boggio (France) - La Confession d'Uranus, *Paul Wei Chung Liang (Singapore) - Festive Overture (Shostakovich), *Adelmo Listorti (West Germany) - City Movements||N/A||*Hector Islas (Mexico) - Centuria, *Linda Eckert (U.S.) - Jupiter from The Planets, *Jason Klein (Canada) - Conversations, *Marcelo Maranghello (Argentina) - Mosaico Latino, *Lena Sannerstig (Sweden) - Overture from "Pastoral Suite" Op.19, *Rodney Pooley (U.K) - American Patrol, *Fabrizio Brezzo (Italy) - La Forza del Destino - Overture, *Anthony Kenney (Australia) - A Fairytale Relived, *Mayumi Takane (Japan) - Au Coin De Montmatre.|
|26th||1989||Hong Kong||Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre/HX-1||Saori Iwauchi (Japan) - Symphonic Rhapsody No.2 (S.Iwauchi)||*Ng Chai Li (Malaysia) - GEM, *Enrique Arturo Escalante Lujan (Mexico) - Raices||*Hitoshi Kotani (Japan) - Hibari-Twilight Scenery, *Stéphane Criado (France) - Comme Dans Un Songe, *Ferdinand Marsa (Indonesia) - Panji Semirang||N/A||Sandy DiGirolamo (U.S.) - On The Waterfront, *Ruth Bernardine Varney (Australia) - Xenophobia, *Robert Messier (Canada) - Powerful People, *Jaana Marja Peltonen (Finland) - From Dream To Reality, *Alex Wong Wai Chung (Hong Kong) - Silhouette, *Smith Bandithaya (Thailand) - Living Float, *Stephen John Selwood (United Kingdom) - A Woodpecker's Anecdote*José L. Souto C - "Fantasia Criolla".|
|27th||1990||Mexico City, Mexico||The City Theater/HX-1||Chinami Taki (Japan) - Humpty Dumpty (C.Taki)||*Bruno Yamasaki Matsumoto (Mexico) - El Niño Colibrí, *Joachim Wolf (Germany) - El Avispa||*Goh Chee Seng (Malaysia) - Midnight Dream, *Hiromi Suzuki (Japan) - Rhapsody Espagnole, *Teh- Chiang Yuang (Taiwan) Time Passing.||N/A||*Philip George Newns (Canada) - Rhapsody in Blue, *Tony Matthew Austin (Australia) - Squib Cakes, *Omar Arroyo Garcia (Costa Rica) - Danza del Sable, *Debra Fleming (U.S.) - West Side Story, *Sirpa Ojala (Finland) - Take Five, *Syilvia Dewi Estiningrum (Indonesia) - Sunset In Bali, *Gaston Marsonich (Italy) - Toccata, *Miriam Teresa González Hernández (Mexico) - Herencia IndeÏgena, *Kerry Jayne Stanton (United Kingdom) - Fantasy,.|
|28th||1991||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/HX-1||Chinami Kawasaki (Japan) - A Scene - Time For Sowing (C.Kawasaki)||*Yuki Toda (Japan) - Rhapsody, *Carsten Jarocki (Germany) - Fairytale||*Stephen Tromans (U.K) - Great Expectations, *Raussel Renata Cedeño Laya (Venezuela) - Orinoquia, *Danny Lim Teong Chin (Malaysia) - Kingdom Of Black Panther||*Tanya Hulbert (Australia) - Tianenmen, June 4th, 1989||*Roberto Mistichelli (Italy) - War from Rocky IV, *Arnaud Fabien Fourniguet (France) The Sorcerer's Apprentice, *Albert Lawrence Villaruz (Canada) - War from Rocky IV, *Clarice Marie Weathers (U.S.) - Ballet Mechanique, *Rene Monterosa Sanchez (Mexico) - Final Night, *Chun Chun Yang (Taiwan) - Moments Musicaux, *Ching I Lu (Taiwan) - Fantastic Festival.|
|29th||1992||Kyoto, Japan||Kyoto Kaikan Hall/ELX-1, EL-90, HX-1||Kaon Koo (Canada) - Alice In Shanghai (E.Corpus)||*Kaoru Ono (Japan) - Sensitivity, *Emi Saiki (Netherlands) - Voyage to the Far East,||*Ohta Mayumi (Japan) - Symphonic Dances, *Ken Lee Ming Yi (Malaysia) - Joy Of Spring, *Ruben Martorell Y Bayon (Spain) - William Tell Overture.||N/A||*Chiemi Colleen Middleton (U.S.) - Sleeping Beauty Waltz, *Darren Grech (Australia) - Arion, *Anabel Rosales Casco (Mexico) - Dreams, *Jose Luis Souto (Venezuela) - Taurepana, *Thio Kah Shiu Ernest Zhang (Singapore) - Promised Land, *Gianluca Bertolo (Italy) - Mirror, *Robin Yann (France) - Anastasia, *Dominicus Levi Gunardi (Indonesia) - スミランの旗.|
|30th||1993||Singapore||World Trade Centre, Harbour Pavilion/ELX-1, EL-90||Daiju Kurasawa (Japan) - Well You Needn't (T.Monk)||*Hitoshi Utsumi Hazime (Japan) - Piano Concerto in F, *Eric Leong (Singapore) - Feline(Alley Cats), *Elver Sohrab C. Perez (Philippines) - Talinhaga||*Tricia Ann S. Villareal (Philippines) - Seascapes, *Yani Danuwidjaya (Indonesia) - Seven-Eighth||N/A||*Leigh Robert Harrold (Australia) - Little Man Tate, *Jeff James Blake (Canada) - Back To The Future, *Brent William Mills (U.S.) - Festive Overture, *Carlos Alberto Gonzáles (Argentina) - Alma De Milonga, *Celso Gusben Marfil Simon (Mexico) - En La Ciudad De Los Dioses, *Anna Gerasi (Greece) - Auforderung Zum Tanz, *Andrea Gorini (Italy) - Impressions in the Park, *David Claire (France) - Dead Zone, *Paul Dingle (United Kingdom) - Joyrider,.|
|31st||1994||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/ELX-1||*Jun'ichi Matsumoto (Japan), *Thomas Karcher (Germany),||*Carlton Liu (U.S.)||N/A||*Stephane Eliot (France)||??|||
|32nd||1996||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/ELX-1||*Yoshihiro Andoh (Japan)||*Zhu Lei (China)||*Linda Harjono (Indonesia)||*Joachim Wolf (Germany)||Roberto Marasciuolo(Italy)|
In popular culture
The Electone HX model appears briefly in the 1987 science fiction film The Running Man. When Ben Richards is in Amber's apartment (18 minutes into the film), he chases her around the Electone. Two scenes later (at the 20 minute mark), Richards, while standing over it, asks her what it is. Amber calls it her "synthesizer setup" and reveals that she wrote the ICS network jingle. (starting at 5:45 and 9:30 in this clip)
- "ELS-02C - Overview - Electone - Keyboard Instruments - Musical Instruments - Products - Yamaha - Singapore". sg.yamaha.com.
- "エレクトーンステーション エレクトーン総合情報サイト". /www.electone.jp. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012.
- "Electone Zone - The Electone Museum". www.ggbmusic.com.
- "Electone - Keyboard Instruments - Musical Instruments - Products - Yamaha - Singapore". sg.yamaha.com.
- "Electone - Keyboard Instruments - Musical Instruments - Products - Yamaha - Singapore". sg.yamaha.com.
- "ヤマハ - エレクトーン". jp.yamaha.com.
- "エレクトーン・キーボード - 楽器 - 製品情報 - ヤマハ – 日本". jp.yamaha.com.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- Ignacio (January 2, 2004). "Resurrecting Electone Festival". Electone Zone. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
- "Electone FAQ - Contests & Festivals". Electone Zone. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
- FOUNDATION, YAMAHA MUSIC. "インターナショナルエレクトーンフェスティバル '83 - ヤマハ音楽振興会". www.yamaha-mf.or.jp.
- FOUNDATION, YAMAHA MUSIC. "インターナショナルエレクトーンコンクール '94 - ヤマハ音楽振興会". www.yamaha-mf.or.jp.
- "The Running Man (pt2)". Retrieved 2014-01-13.
- Electone Station (Japanese) - official Yamaha Corporation Electone web site
- The Yamaha HX-1 Electone Fan Site - dedicated to the Yamaha HX-1
- Zona Electone Italia - European Electone site
- Electone Society - UK Electone site
- jazzhooves.com - information and articles about Yamaha Electone models
- Eleven-year-old girl plays "YYZ" by RUSH on an Electone ELS-01
- Qi Zhang performance at TED
- History - comprehensive list of all Electone models by date of manufacture with photos
- Glenn's Collection Of Electone Books - Australia