Chouinard Art Institute
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The Chouinard Art Institute was a professional art school founded in 1921 by Nelbert Murphy Chouinard (1879–1969) in Los Angeles, California. In 1961, Walt and Roy Disney guided the merger of the Chouinard Art Institute and the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music to establish the California Institute of the Arts.
Founded by artist and educator Nelbert Murphy Chouinard in 1921 with the goal of creating a renowned art school on the West Coast, the school grew during the subsequent decades and in 1935 it was recognized by the California state government as a non-profit educational facility. In 1929, Walt Disney began driving his inexperienced animators to the school for Friday night classes, a tradition that would continue for many years. Several years later Disney hired a Chouinard teacher named Donald Graham to teach more formal classes on studio property. Chouinard would later be used by Disney as a breeding ground for artists for Snow White and the Seven Dwarves. In the early 1950s Mrs. Chouinard had a stroke and could not run the school; in gratitude for letting his animators study there, Walt Disney supported the school financially and took over administrative duties. He also attempted to expand the school into what he called a "City of the Arts". This eventually led to the merger of Chouinard and Los Angeles Conservatory of Music into the California Institute of the Arts in 1961.
Dave Tourjé, who became fascinated by the institute's history after buying and restoring Nelbert Chouinard’s 1907 home in South Pasadena, California, helped to establish the Chouinard Foundation, which produced a 2001 retrospective exhibition and gave art classes, first in its own building and then under contract with the City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks. Since 2009, when funding for the art classes ran out, Tourje has focused on keeping the Chouinard name alive, including a Chouinard Foundation website with archival material.
Produced and directed by Gianina Ferreyra in 2013, the 51-minute documentary film Curly addresses the school’s history from 1921 to 1972, including interviews with artists Larry Bell, Laddie John Dill, Llyn Foulkes, Joe Goode, Ed Ruscha, and Peter Shire, among others.
- Manuel Gregorio Acosta (1921–1989), painter and illustrator
- Terry Allen, singer and painter
- Gladys Aller (1915–1970), painter
- John Altoon (1925–1969), painter
- Pete Alvarado (1920–2003), animator and comic book artist
- Robert Alvarez, animator
- Charles Arnoldi, painter, sculptor, and printmaker
- Ralph Bacerra (1938–2008), ceramist
- Don Bachardy, portrait artist
- Milo Baughman (1923–2003), modern furniture designer
- Larry Bell, artist and sculptor
- Ted Berman (1919–2001), animator
- Ed Benedict (1912–2006), animator, designer
- Marjorie Best (1903–1997), costume designer
- Mary Blair (1911–1978), painter, animator
- Preston Blair (1908–1995), animator
- Robert Blue (1946–1998), pin-up artist
- Harry Bowden (1907–1965), painter
- Michael Bowen (1937–2009), painting, performance art
- Cory Buckner, architect
- Timothy J. Clark, painter
- Mary Corse, painter associated with the Light and Space movement
- Richard Cromwell (1910–1960), actor
- Alice Estes Davis, costume designer
- Ernest de Soto (1923–2014), master lithographer
- John DeCuir (1918–1991), art director
- Guy Dill, sculptor
- Donfeld (1934–2007), costume designer
- Boyd Elder (1944–2018) Experimental & album cover artist
- Jules Engel (1909–2003), animator and painter
- Lilly Fenichel (1927–2016), painter
- Sandra Fisher (1947–1994), painter
- Llyn Foulkes, painter
- Gyo Fujikawa (1908–1998), children's book author and illustrator
- S. Neil Fujita (1921–2010), graphic designer.
- A.C. Gamer (1899-1964), effects animator
- Harper Goff (1911–1993), artist and art director
- Jack Goldstein (1945–2003), painter
- Joe Goode, painter
- Rick Griffin (1944–1991), artist and cartoonist
- Roberta Griffith, painter and ceramist
- Frederick Hammersley (1919–2009), painter
- Laverne Harding (1905–1984), animator
- Edith Head (1897–1981), costume designer
- Robert Irwin, installation artist
- Elois Jenssen (1922–2004), costume designer
- Ollie Johnston (1912–2008), animator, one of Disney's Nine Old Men
- Chuck Jones (1912–2002), animator
- Corita Kent (1918–1986), artist
- Bob Kurtz, animator
- John J. Lloyd (1922–2014), art director and production designer
- Bud Luckey (1934–2018), animator
- Bob Mackie, fashion and costume designer
- Mara McAfee (1929–1984), painter and illustrator
- John McGrew (1910-1999), animator
- Bill Melendez (1916–2008), animator
- Reid Miles (1927–1993), graphic designer and photographer
- Ron Miyashiro, painter, jewelry maker, and assemblage artist
- Patrick Nagel (1945–1984), artist
- Maurice Noble (1911–2001), background artist
- Milicent Patrick (1915–1998), artist, actress, and animator
- Virgil Partch (1916–1984), cartoonist
- Walter Peregoy (1925–2015), artist
- Danny Pierce (1920–2014), painter, printmaker and sculptor
- Sally Pierone (1921–2018), artist
- Noah Purifoy (1917–2004), sculptor
- Milton Quon (1913–2019), animator
- Elsa Rady (1943–2011), ceramist
- Wolfgang Reitherman (1909–1985), animator, one of Disney's Nine Old Men
- Allen Ruppersberg, artist
- Edward Ruscha, painter
- Herbert Ryman (1910–1989), artist and Disney imagineer
- Retta Scott (1916–1990), Disney's first female animator
- Millard Sheets (1907–1989), painter
- Peter Shire, sculptor, furniture designer, and ceramist
- Ken Shutt (1928–2010), American sculptor
- William E. Smith (artist) (1913-1997), printmaker, instructor, sign designer
- Dan Spiegle (1920–2017), comic book artist
- Michele Martin Taylor, painter
- Frank Thomas (1912–2004), animator, one of Disney's Nine Old Men
- Morton Traylor (1918–1996), fine artist, designer, and serigrapher
- John Van Hamersveld, graphic artist and illustrator
- Roy Williams (1907–1976), Disney animator and gagman
- Dan Wynn (1920–1995), photographer
Nelbert Chouinard Award Winners
This award is given by a Chouinard peer committee to alumni or individuals associated with Chouinard Art Institute who have embodied the spirit of Nelbert Chouinard as artists and by contributions to their community. Awardees must have elevated the profile of their particular art form, broken through ceilings or set industry trends to be considered. In addition, the committee reviews each nominees past leadership roles, exhibition(s), award(s), publication(s) and if they have given back to their community philanthropically, as a teacher or as a volunteer.
- Alice Estes Davis '50, costume designer
- Don Bachardy '60, 2016, portrait artist
- Leo Monahan '58, 2018, paper sculptor
- Larry Bell '59, 2019, artist and sculptor
- "History of Chouinard Art Institute at Calarts". Retrieved 2014-10-05.
- Gabler, Neal (2006). Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. Vintage Books. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-679-75747-4.
- Gabler, Neal (2006). Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. Vintage Books. p. 261. ISBN 978-0-679-75747-4.
- Gabler, Neal (2006). Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. Vintage Books. p. 591. ISBN 978-0-679-75747-4.
- Gabler, Neal (2006). Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. Vintage Books. p. 592. ISBN 978-0-679-75747-4.
- Mike Boehm (April 15, 2014), L.A.'s Chouinard Art Institute chronicled in new documentary film Los Angeles Times.
- "Dave Tourjé Biography". Dave Tourjé. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- "Artist Bio: Mary Corse". Lehmann Maupin. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Grimes, William. "S. Neil Fujita, Innovative Graphic Designer, Dies at 89", The New York Times, October 27, 2010. Accessed April 18, 2013.
- "About". CalArts. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- O'Meara, Mallory (March 5, 2019). The Lady from the Black Lagoon: Hollywood Monsters and the Lost Legacy of Milicent Patrick. Hanover Square Press. pp. 77–86. ISBN 978-1-335-93780-3.
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- Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Sculptor's works grace many isles' public spaces, May 17, 2010