Mary Corse in her Downtown Los Angeles Studio with her light box work 'Untitled' (1967)
|Education||Chouinard Art Institute B.F.A |
|White Light Painting |
|Movement||Light and Space|
Mary Corse (born 1945) is an American artist who lives and works in Topanga, California. Fascinated with perceptual phenomena and the idea that light itself can serve as both subject and material in art, Corse's practice can be seen as existing at an crossroads between American Abstract Expressionism and American Minimalism. She is often associated with the male-dominated Light and Space art movement of the 1960s, although her role has only been fully recognized in recent years. She is best known for her experimentation with radiant surfaces in minimalist painting, incorporating materials that reflect light such as glass microspheres. Corse initially attended University of California, Santa Barbara starting in 1963. She later moved on to study at Chouinard Art Institute (now CalArts), earning her B.F.A. in 1968.
In the mid-1960s, during her time at Chouinard Art Institute, Mary Corse developed an interest in white monochrome paintings, favoring the controlled, geometric style of Minimalism. At the same time, she began to make shaped canvases paintings as well as three-dimensional works, for which she assembled columns out of plywood and joint compound that were then painted with white acrylic paint and sanded to remove any trace of her brushwork.
In 1966, Corse started a series of works that encased fluorescent bulbs in Plexiglas boxes. In 1968, Corse became interested in attempting to move these light boxes away from the wall without cords, necessitating the use of a Tesla coil, which supports wireless electricity. Corse completed courses in quantum physics at the University of Southern California in order to earn certification to handle large Tesla coils for these works.
Also in 1968, she began to embed glass microspheres (tiny reflective beads commonly used to brighten highway lines) in her paintings by layering them over white acrylic paint. The paintings in the White Light Series are "highly responsive to their environments and reveal internal complexities when lighting conditions fluctuate or viewers change their positions."  Because of their capacity for transformation, the White Light paintings reflect Corse's interest in the personal and subjective nature of perception. Unlike in her earlier sculptures and shaped canvas works, the paintings in the White Light Series embrace the brushstroke, revealing Corse's hand in the works. White Light paintings from this early period often were often composed as grids, or as single microsphere-painted fields with contrasting flat white corners.
Corse moved from Downtown Los Angeles to Topanga Canyon in 1970 after the birth of her first child. This transition prompted new explorations into materials and processes, most notably in her experimentation with ceramic, as well as small black acrylic squares which she applied in acrylic on canvas. For the Black Earth Series, begun in 1978, Corse molded slabs of clay off a sizable flat rock near her Topanga studio, creating large tiles which were then fired and painted with opaque black glaze. The series was conceptualized as a foil to her microsphere paintings, acting as a grounding strategy for Corse after a decade of White Light works. In order to make the Black Earth works, Corse personally built her own extra-large updraft kiln on her Topanga property.
Corse returned again to the White Light Series - over her decades-long career Corse experimented with different compositional formats, scales, forms, and colors within the series. Perhaps the most celebrated and elusive offshoot of the paintings is the White Light Inner Band series, an effect achieved through through a new technique of painting with glass microspheres. Begun in 1996, the series is characterized by a defined interior band that emerges from within the white field of microspheres and disappears as the viewer walks along the length of the work. As Whitney Museum curator Kim Conaty explains in the catalogue for Mary Corse: A Survey in Light, the Inner Bands "...insist upon the active viewing experience [Corse] seeks. They demonstrate that a monochrome, destabilized by the viewer's perception of its shifting surface, can take on many distinct states."
Corse's work has been featured in several historically significant exhibitions including Venice in Venice, a collateral exhibition created by Nyehaus in association with the J. Paul Getty Museum at the 54th Venice Biennale (2011) as well as Pacific Standard Time: Crosscurrents in L.A. Painting and Sculpture, 1950-1970 (J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles and Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany, 2011) and Phenomenal: California Light and Space (Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, 2011) both of which were included as a part of Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A., 1945–1980. In June 2018, the Whitney Museum of American Art exhibited Mary Corse: A Survey in Light, which will travel to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in July 2019.
Corse was formerly represented by ACE Gallery in Los Angeles and Lehmann Maupin in New York. In November 2016, her primary representation became Kayne Griffin Corcoran. She is also represented by Lisson Gallery in London. In July 2018, it was reported that Corse would be represented by Pace Gallery in Hong Kong, Beijing, and Seoul, and in December 2018, Pace announced their expanded representation of Corse to New York as well.
Art works by Corse are held in the permanent collections of institutions such as the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Dia Art Foundation; Museum of Contemporary Art Los Angeles; The Seattle Art Museum; Frederick R. Weisman Art Foundation, Los Angeles; Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego; Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, California; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin; Whitney Museum of American Art; among others.
Corse was awarded the Cartier Foundation award (1993), the Theodoran Award by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (1971), and the New Talent Award by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (1967). In 1975, she received a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship.
- Fidel, Danieli. "Mary Corse." Artforum (Summer 1968).
- Kramer, Hilton. "Los Angeles, Now the 'In' Art Scene." New York Times. June 1, 1972.
- Baker, E.C. "Los Angeles 1971." ARTnews (September 1971).
- Plagens, Peter. "Decline and Rise of Younger LA Artists." Artforum (May 1972).
- "Mary Corse - Artists". Kayne Griffin Corcoran. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Yablonsky, Linda (24 February 2012). "Artifacts". New York Times. New York Times. T Magazine. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Mary Corse". Pacific Standard Time at the Getty Center. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Conaty, Kim (2018). Mary Corse: A Survey in Light. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300234978.
- "Mary Corse, Overview". Artsy. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- Miranda, Carolina (2 November 2017). "The 'whoa' moment and Mary Corse: The painter who toys with light is finally getting her due,"". www.latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
- Nichols, Matthew. "Mary Corse is More Than a California Artist". Art in America. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Cohen, Alina. "Innovative Light and Space Artist Mary Corse Is Finally Getting the Exhibitions She Deserves". Artsy. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Nichols, Matthew. "Mary Corse". Art in America. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Schwendener, Martha. "Bands of Paint and Light Shimmer. But Do They Still Shock?". New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Mary Corse Joins Pace Gallery". Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Armstrong, Annie. "Pace Gallery Expands Its Representation of Mary Corse to New York". Retrieved 7 December 2018.
- "Blanton Museum of Art Online Collections Database". collection.blantonmuseum.org. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- "Mary Corse bio" (PDF). Ace Gallery. Retrieved 2014-02-18.