The San inhabited this area along with the Tlou-tle people who lived on rafts in the larger lakes. The Voortrekkers established a town here in the 1860s and named it after Marthinus Wessel Pretorius's daughter Christina. In the 1880s the town became an important stopover for wagons travelling to the gold mining town of Barberton.
In total there are more than 270 lakes in the immediate area (located not far from Carolina). Every year nearly 20,000 flamingo come into the area to breed.