Saint-Jacques-sur-Coudenberg

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Church of St. James on Coudenberg
French: Église Saint-Jacques-sur-Coudenberg
Dutch: Sint-Jacob-op-Koudenbergkerk
Barré & Guimard - Eglise Saint-Jacques-sur-Coudenberg 1.JPG
LocationPlace Royale / Koningsplein
B-1000 City of Brussels, Brussels-Capital Region
CountryBelgium
DenominationRoman Catholic
Architecture
Heritage designationProtected[1]
Designated02/12/1959
Architect(s)Gilles-Barnabé Guimard
Architectural typeNeoclassical
Groundbreaking1776
Completed1849

The Church of St. James on Coudenberg (French: Église Saint-Jacques-sur-Coudenberg, Dutch: Sint-Jacob-op-Koudenbergkerk) is a neoclassical Roman Catholic church located on the historic Place Royale/Koningsplein in central Brussels, Belgium. It is served by Brussels Central Station, as well as by the metro stations Parc/Park and Trône/Troon.

History[edit]

Interior of the nave and choir

The medieval abbey church that originally stood on this location was demolished by command of Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Governor of the Austrian Netherlands, during his expansive urban planning projects, despite having escaped the great fire of 1731 that destroyed the nearby Coudenberg Palace.

The new church was built in line with Rue Montagne de la Cour/Hofberg on its present location on the Place Royale/Koningsplein. Construction of the facade was started by architect Gilles-Barnabé Guimard after the designs of Jean-Benoît-Vincent Barré (1775). The first stone was solemnly laid by Charles Alexander of Lorraine on 12 February 1776. The portico was finished in 1780. The nave, transept, choir and sacristy were built under supervision of Louis Montoyer in 1785–1786.

After the consecration of the building, it was used as an abbey and parish church at the same time. Moreover, it was the official church of the court of the Governors of the Habsburg Netherlands. The present building was designed to serve as the Church of the Abbey of St. James on the Coudenberg and therefore has a deep extended choir with place for choir stalls for the monks.

Floor plan of the church, from Choix des Monuments by Pierre-Jacques Goetghebuer (1827)

During the French Revolution, the abbey was suspended and the church was made into a Temple of Reason, and then later into a Temple of Law. The church was returned to Catholic control in 1802. On 21 July 1831, Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha took the oath that made him H.M. Leopold I, the first King of the Belgians, on the front steps of the church. The building lost somewhat of its typical neoclassical temple-like appearance by the addition in the 19th-century of a bell tower (after the design of Tilman-François Suys) and a coloured fresco by Jean Portaels on the pediment.

The church's interior and facade have been protected through royal decree since 2 December 1959.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bruxelles Pentagone - Eglise Saint-Jacques-sur-Coudenberg - Place Royale 6a - GUIMARD Barnabé". www.irismonument.be. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  2. ^ "Bruxelles Pentagone - Eglise Saint-Jacques-sur-Coudenberg - Place Royale 6a - GUIMARD Barnabé". www.irismonument.be. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  • (in Dutch) Braeken, Jo, Lydie Mondelaers a.o., Bouwen door de eeuwen heen in Brussel. Inventaris van het cultuurbezit in België. Architectuur. Deel Brussel 1B. Stad Brussel. Binnenstad. H-O, Liège, Pierre Mardaga Éditeur, 1993.

Coordinates: 50°50′31″N 4°21′37″E / 50.8419°N 4.36028°E / 50.8419; 4.36028