Circular Electron Positron Collider

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The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a proposed Chinese electron positron collider for experimenting on the Higgs boson. It would be the world's largest particle accelerator with a circumference of 100 kilometres (62 mi).[1]

CEPC was proposed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Institute of High Energy Physics in 2012.[2][1] The design was produced by a team of international physicists.[1] Development[1] and site selection[2] were proceeding in 2018. Construction would begin in 2022, with experiments starting in 2030. It is expected to cost ¥30 billion RMB.[1]


CEPC is projected to have a maximum center-of-mass energy of 240 GeV.[2] It will be located 100 metres (330 ft) underground, and have two detectors.[1] The electron-positron collisions will allow clearer observations than the proton-proton collisions of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).[1]

After 2040, the collider could be upgraded into the Super Proton-Proton Collider[2] with collision energies seven times greater than the LHC.[1]

Physics program[edit]

The CEPC enables a wide physics program. As an electron-positron collider, it is suited to precision measurements, but also has strong discovery potential for new physics. Some possible physics goals include:

  • Higgs measurements: Running slightly above the production threshold for ZH, the CEPC is a Higgs factory. Over the course of a ten-year run, it is planned to collect 5 ab−1 with two detectors, which corresponds to approximately one million produced Higgs Bosons.[3] One target is to be able to measure the ZH production cross-section to 0.5% accuracy. Other goals include the measurement of the Higgs Boson self coupling, and its coupling to other particles.
  • When running at the Z peak, a precision measurement of the Z Boson mass and other properties, e.g. the Zbb̅ coupling, can be made.[4]
  • Physics beyond the Standard Model:[5] Despite the lower center-of-mass energy compared to the LHC, the CEPC will be able to make discoveries or exclusions in certain scenarios where the LHC cannot. A prominent situation is when there is supersymmetry, but the masses of the superpartners are very close to each other (near-degenerate). In this case, when one SUSY particle decays into another plus a Standard Model particle, the SM particle will likely escape detection in a Hadron collider. In an e+e- collider, since the initial state is completely known, it is possible to detect such events by their missing energy (the energy carried away by SUSY particles and neutrinos).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Gibney, Elizabeth (23 November 2018). "Inside the plans for Chinese mega-collider that will dwarf the LHC". Nature. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d "The CEPC Project". Institute of High Energy Physics. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  3. ^ LOU, Xinchou. "Overview of the CEPC project" (PDF). Workshop on Physics at the CEPC, August 10–12, 2015
  4. ^ Gu, Jiayin. "Probing Zbb̅ couplings at the CEPC" (PDF). Workshop on Physics at the CEPC, August 10–12, 2015
  5. ^ Craig, Nathaniel. "Naturalness and Higgs Measurements" (PDF). Workshop on Physics at the CEPC, August 10–12, 2015

External links[edit]