1911 Cisleithanian legislative election

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Cisleithanian Imperial Council election, 1911

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All 516 seats in the Imperial Council
259 seats needed for a majority
Turnout4,625,082 (80.20%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Aloys von Liechtenstein (1846-1920).jpg Victor Adler.jpg Antonín Švehla.jpg
Leader Prince Louis Victor Adler Antonín Švehla
Party CS SPÖ RSZML
Alliance Christian Social Union Club of German Social Democrats Uniform Bohemian Club
Leader since 1910 1 January 1889 1909
Last election 65 seats, 11.73% 50 seats, 11.12% 27 seats, 4.48%
Seats won 75 46 36
Seat change Increase 10 Decrease 4 Increase 9
Popular vote 608,346 542,549 257,717
Percentage 13.41% 11.96% 5.68%
Swing Increase 1.68% Increase 0.84% Increase 1.20%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Němec Antonín.png Groß Gustav.png No image.svg
Leader Antonín Němec Gustav Groß
Party ČSSD DFP PPL
Alliance Club of Bohemian Social Democrats German National Association Poland Club
Leader since 1904
Last election 22 seats, 8.45% 19 seats, 2.24% 16 seats, 3.60%
Seats won 25 25 24
Seat change Increase 3 Increase 6 Increase 8
Popular vote 357,234 71,114 185,674
Percentage 7.87% 1.57% 4.09%
Swing Decrease 0.58% Decrease 0.67% Increase 0.49%

Plan des Sitzungssaales des Abgeordnetenhauses November 1911.jpg
Seats of the House of Deputies of the Imperial Austro-Hungarian Council. Situation after the November 1911 Cisleithanian legislative elections. The seats are marked by nationality.

Minister-President of Cisleithania before election

Richard von Bienerth-Schmerling
Independent

Elected Minister-President of Cisleithania

Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn
CS

Austria-Hungaria transparency.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Austria-Hungary
Compromise of 1867

Legislative elections to elect members of the Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the Austrian section of Austria-Hungary over several days in June and July 1911.[1] A coalition of German national and liberal parties, the Deutscher Nationalverband, emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, holding 100 of the 516 seats. Voter turnout was 80.2%.[2]

This was the second election under universal male suffrage, and the last before the dissolution of the empire as a result of World War I. At that dissolution it was the German representatives that formed the first truly Austrian legislative body of the Republic of German-Austria.

In the German-speaking areas the results however were similar to the previous elections in 1907, with the Christian Socials as the largest party (76 seats), followed by the Social Democrats (43) and the German People's Party (32). Both the major parties lost seats, and the parties which gained were the moderate centre and the radicals. Results varied by province, with Lower Austria providing the political base for the two largest parties. There was a wide difference between rural areas (Christian Social) and urban (Social Democrat), a split (social cleavage) that had become more evident since 1907, with the Christian Socials losing their support in the outer belt of Viennese districts. Support for the German People's party was more even. The German People's Party found its support in the middle strata of Austrian society. On the other hand, industrialists rejected this party in favour of the Freisinnige group, particularly the German Progressive Party, as did the more prosperous merchants.

Among the non-German nationalities, the results also differed widely between nations.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Croatian Nation
People's Party 33,565 0.74 5 Decrease 1
Pure Party of Rights 28,254 0.62 4 Increase 2
Social Democratic Party of Croatia and Slavonia 329 0.01 0 New
Croatian Nation & Slovenian Nation
Slavic Nationalists 20,770 0.46 3 New
Czech Nation
Social Democratic Party (Autonomists) 357,234 7.87 25 Increase 3
Czech Agrarian Party 257,717 5.68 36 Increase 9
Catholic-National Conservative Parties in Bohemia & Moravia 128,056 2.82 7 Decrease 3
Czech National Social Party 95,901 2.11 13 Increase 7
Christian Social Party in Bohemia & Moravia 83,124 1.83 0 Decrease 7
Young Czech Party 56,673 1.25 14 Decrease 7
Czech Progressive People's Party 34,443 0.76 5 Increase 2
Czech Constitutionalist Progressive Party 20,881 0.46 4 Increase 3
Social Democratic Party (Centralists) 19,374 0.43 1 New
Czech Independents 10,832 0.24 1 Decrease 1
Old Czech Party 9,872 0.22 1 Decrease 4
Czech Paper Candidates 9,836 0.22 0 Steady
Czech Realist Party 4,984 0.11 0 Decrease 1
Officials’ Party 3,201 0.07 0 New
Czech National Party 1,893 0.04 0 Decrease 1
German Nation
Christian Social Party 608,346 13.41 75 Decrease 20
Social Democratic Party 542,549 11.96 46 Decrease 4
Agrarian Party 106,548 2.35 22 Increase 3
German Radical Party 90,523 2.00 22 Increase 8
German People's Party 71,882 1.58 21 Decrease 11
German Progressive Party 71,114 1.57 25 Increase 6
German Freedom Party[a] 66,738 1.47 15 New
German-National Party[a] 28,689 0.63 4 Increase 4
German Workers' Party 26,670 0.59 3 Increase 3
Upper Austrian Farmers' Club 22,009 0.48 0 Steady
Pan-German Association 20,527 0.45 4 Increase 1
German Miners and Farmers' Association 15,301 0.34 0 New
German Independents 14,934 0.33 2 Increase 2
German Conservatives 14,597 0.32 0 Decrease 1
Independent Christian Socials 10,299 0.23 1 New
German Paper Candidates 7,569 0.16 0 New
Central Industrial Committee 6,422 0.14 0 Steady
Free Socialists 4,074 0.09 1 Steady
German Conservative Farmers' Party 3,623 0.08 0 Steady
Imperial Economic Policy Party 2,885 0.06 1 New
Social Politicians 2,735 0.06 1 Steady
German Economic Party 1,893 0.04 0 New
Italian Nation
Italian Liberal Party 41,928 0.93 5 New
Italian People’s Party 40,543 0.89 10 Increase 3
Italian Social Democratic Party 23,068 0.51 3 Decrease 2
Italian National-Liberal Party 5,925 0.13 1 Decrease 2
Italian Liberal Farmers' Association 3,685 0.10 0 Steady
Italian Independents 436 0.01 0 Steady
Democratic Party 321 0.01 0 New
Jewish Candidates
Jewish National Party 31,781 0.70 1 Decrease 3
Polish Nation
Polish People's Party 185,674 4.09 24 Increase 8
Polish Conservative Party 137,199 3.02 17 Increase 2
Polish National Democratic Party 98,460 2.17 10 Decrease 4
Polish Democratic Party 84,181 1.86 13 Increase 2
Polish Social Democratic Party 64,569 1.42 8 Increase 2
Polish Independents 38,028 0.84 3 New
Polish Centre Party 23,139 0.51 1 Decrease 13
Galician Christian Social Party[d] 21,982 0.49 3 Increase 2
Independent Socialists 6,515 0.14 2 Increase 1
Polish Pro-German Party 5,902 0.13 0 New
Independent Democrats 4,302 0.10 1 New
Polish Progressive Democratic Party 2,933 0.06 1 Steady
Romanian Nation
Romanian National (Defense) Party 38,408 0.85 4 Increase 1
Romanian National (Democratic) Party 11,810 0.26 1 Steady
Romanian Independents 5,728 0.12 0 Decrease 1
Ruthenian Nation
Ukrainian Party–Young Ruthenian Party 326,955 7.21 23 Increase 3
Russian National Party 128,160 2.82 2 Decrease 3
Ukrainian Radical Party 54,701 1.20 5 Steady
Ukrainian Social Democratic Party 21,618 0.48 1 Decrease 1
Serbian Nation
Serb People's Party 11,460 0.25 2 Steady
Slovenian Nation
Slovene People's Party 54,089 1.19 10 Steady
Slovene Christian Social Party[b] 43,203 0.95 10 Increase 9
Slovene Liberal Party 33,170 0.73 2 Decrease 2
Slovenian Nationalists 16,858 0.37 1 Decrease 1
Slovene Social Democratic Party[c] 14,368 0.32 0 Steady
Slovenian Pro-Germans 5,260 0.12 0 Steady
Slovenian Independents 3,408 0.08 0 Steady
Unknown or split
Unknown or split votes 30,453 0.67
Invalid/blank votes 87,996
Total 4,625,082 100 516 Steady
Registered voters/turnout 5,767,065 80.20 -
Source: ANNO

a Candidates that ran under the German Freedom Party and German-National Party labels were members of either the German People's Party or the German Progressive Party, which ran as a joint list in certain constituencies.

b Ran as the Slovenian Clerical Party in Styria and Gorizia and Gradisca.

c Ran as the Yugoslavian Social Democratic Party in Carniola.

d Ran as the Polish Clerical Party in Silesia

By parliamentary grouping[edit]

Grouping Seats +/–
German National Association 100 Increase 49
Uniform Bohemian Club 84 New
Christian Social Union 73 Decrease 23
Poland Club 70 Increase 15
Club of German Social Democrats 49 Decrease 1
Ukrainian Association 28 Increase 3
Croatian-Slovenian Club 27 New
Club of Bohemian Social Democrats 25 Increase 1
Latin Union 21 New
Club of Polish Social Democrats 9 Increase 3
Dalmatian Club 7 New
Independents 23 Increase 11
Total 516 Steady
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See also[edit]

List of political parties in Austria

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p209
  3. ^ Stanley Z. Pech (1989) "Political Parties among Austrian Slavs: A Comparative Analysis of the 1911 Reichsrat Election Results" Canadian Slavonic Papers, Vol. 31, No. 2, Essays in Honour of Peter Brock (June, 1989), pp170–193

Bibliography[edit]