List of foreign ministers of Austria-Hungary

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This is a list of foreign ministers (German: Außenminister) of the Habsburg Monarchy, of the Austrian Empire, and of Austria-Hungary up to 1918.

State Chancellors of the Habsburg Monarchy (1720–1805)[edit]

From 1664/69 the Privy Conference (Geheime Konferenz), a committee of the Imperial Privy Council (Geheimer Rat), provided advice to Emperor Leopold I whereby the Austrian Court Chancellor, responsible for the Habsburg 'Hereditary Lands', served as rapporteur and thereby gained increasing influence. The Habsburg diplomatic service was re-organised, when Emperor Charles VI by resolution of 26 March 1720 declared Court Chancellor Philipp Ludwig Wenzel von Sinzendorf responsible for foreign policy issues. Upon Sinzendorf's death in February 1742, Archduchess Maria Theresa finally separated the central Habsburg State Chancellery responsible of Foreign Affairs from the domestic Austrian Court Chancellery.

Portrait Name Began Ended
Hyacinthe Rigaud 003.jpg Philipp Ludwig Wenzel Graf von Sinzendorf
(26 December 1671 – 8 February 1742)
26 March 1720 8 February 1742
Anton Corfiz Graf von Uhlfeld
(15 June 1699 – 31 December 1769)
14 February 1742 13 May 1753
Wenzel Anton Graf von Kaunitz-Riethberg.jpg Wenzel Anton Graf (from 1764, Fürst) von Kaunitz-Rietberg
(2 February 1711 – 27 June 1794)
13 May 1753 19 August 1792
Johann Philipp Graf Cobenzl (1741-1810).jpg Johann Philipp Graf von Cobenzl
(28 May 1741 – 30 August 1810)
19 August 1792 27 March 1793
Johann Thugut.jpg Johann Amadeus Francis de Paula von Thugut
(8 March 1736 – 29 May 1818)
27 March 1793 28 September 1800
Franz de Paula Karl Graf von Colloredo-Waldsee
(23 May 1736 – 10 March 1806)
5 October 1800 30 November 1805

Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Austrian Empire (1805–1867)[edit]

Portrait Name Began Ended
JPvStadion.jpg Johann Graf Stadion-Thannhausen
(18 June 1763 – 15 May 1824)
24 December 1805 4 October 1809
Prince Metternich by Lawrence.jpeg Klemens Graf (from 1813, Fürst) von Metternich-Winneburg
(15 May 1773 – 11 June 1859)
8 October 1809 13 March 1848
Karl von Ficquelmont.jpg Karl Graf von Ficquelmont
(23 March 1777 – 7 April 1857)
18 March 1848 4 May 1848
Johann Philipp von Wessenberg.jpg Johann Freiherr von Wessenberg-Ampringen
(28 November 1773 – 1 August 1858)
8 May 1848 21 November 1848
Schwarzenberg, Felix.jpg Felix Prinz zu Schwarzenberg
(2 October 1800 – 5 April 1852)
21 November 1848 5 April 1852
Karl Ferdinand von Buol-Schauenstein.jpg Karl Graf von Buol-Schauenstein
(17 May 1797 – 28 October 1865)
11 April 1852 17 May 1859
Johann Bernhard von Rechberg.jpg Johann Graf von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen
(17 July 1806 – 26 February 1899)
17 May 1859 27 October 1864
Alexander von Mensdorff-Pouilly.jpg Alexander Graf von Mensdorff-Pouilly
(4 August 1813 – 14 February 1871)
27 October 1864 30 October 1866
Friedrich Ferdinand Graf Beust.jpg Friedrich Ferdinand Graf von Beust
(13 January 1809 – 24 October 1886)
30 October 1866 30 December 1867

Ministers of the Imperial and Royal House and of Foreign Affairs of Austria-Hungary (1867–1918)[edit]

Portrait Name Began Ended
Friedrich Ferdinand Graf Beust.jpg Count Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust
(13 January 1809 – 24 October 1886)
30 December 1867 8 November 1871
Benczur-andrassy gyula.jpg Count Gyula Andrássy de Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka
(8 March 1823 – 18 February 1890)
14 November 1871 8 October 1879
Heinrich Haymerle.jpg Baron Heinrich Karl von Haymerle
(7 December 1828 – 10 October 1881)
8 October 1879 10 October 1881
Graf Gustav Kalnoky 1898 J. Vilímek.png Count Gustav Kálnoky de Köröspatak
(29 December 1832 – 13 February 1898)
20 November 1881 2 May 1895
WP Agenor Goluchowski der Jüngere.jpg Count Agenor Maria Gołuchowski
(25 March 1849 – 28 March 1921)
16 May 1895 24 October 1906
Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal.jpg Count Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal
(27 September 1854 – 17 February 1912)
24 October 1906 17 February 1912
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2004-1110-500, Leopold Graf Berchtold.jpg Count Leopold Berchtold von und zu Ungarschitz, Frättling und Püllütz
(18 April 1863 – 21 November 1942)
17 February 1912 13 January 1915
Grafvonburian.jpg Count Stephan Burián von Rajecz
(16 January 1851 – 20 October 1922)
13 January 1915 22 December 1916
Ottokar Graf Czernin - Project Gutenberg eText 17998.jpg Count Ottokar Czernin von und zu Chudenitz
(26 September 1872 – 4 April 1932)
22 December 1916 16 April 1918
Grafvonburian.jpg Count Stephan Burián von Rajecz
(16 January 1851 – 20 October 1922)
16 April 1918 24 October 1918
Ifj. gróf Andrássy Gyula.jpg Count Gyula Andrássy de Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka (the Younger)
(30 June 1860 – 11 June 1929)
24 October 1918 2 November 1918

An interesting fact confirming a specific character of the Austria-Hungary is that from 10 ministers 2 were born in today Austria, 3 in the Czech republic, 3 in Slovakia, 1 in Germany and 1 in Ukraine.

Notes[edit]

Regarding personal names:

  • Prinz is a title, translated as Prince, not a first or middle name. The female form is Prinzessin.
  • Fürst is a title, translated as (Sovereign) Prince, not a first or middle name. The female form is Fürstin.
  • Graf is a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name. The female form is Gräfin.
  • Freiherr is a title, translated as Baron, not a first or middle name. The female forms are Freifrau and Freiin.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Erwin Matsch, Der Auswärtige Dienst von Österreich-Ungarn 1720-1920, Vienna, Böhlau, 1986.
  • —, Geschichte des Auswärtigen Dienstes von Österreich-Ungarn 1720-1920, Vienna, Böhlau, 1980.