City of London by-election, 1924

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The City of London by-election, 1924 was a parliamentary by-election held on 1 February 1924 for the British House of Commons constituency of City of London, which covered the "Square Mile" which was the United Kingdom's traditional financial district.

The seat had become vacant on the elevation to the peerage of one of the constituency's two Conservative Members of Parliament (MPs), Sir Frederick Banbury, as Baron Banbury of Southam.

Banbury had held the seat since a 1906 by-election, following his defeat at Peckham in the 1906 general election. He had represented Peckham since 1892.


The Conservative Party selected as its candidate Sir Thomas Vansittart Bowater, who had been Lord Mayor of London in 1913. He had stood as an Independent Conservative in the 1922 by-election.

The Liberal Party selected Henry Bell, who was a managing director of Lloyds Bank.[1] This was the first time the Liberals had contested the City since the January 1910 election.


Bowater was comfortably elected, and would represent the constituency until his death in 1938, precipitating another by-election.


City of London by-election, 1924
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Thomas Vansittart Bowater 12,962 70.11 N/A
Liberal Henry Bell 5,525 29.89 N/A
Majority 7,437 40.23 N/A
Turnout 18,487 41.89 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 6 December 1923: City of London (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Frederick George Banbury, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Edward Charles Grenfell Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

See also[edit]