In aviation, a class rating is an allowance to fly a certain group of aircraft that require training common to all aircraft within the group. A type rating is specified if a particular aircraft requires additional specialized training beyond the scope of initial license and aircraft class training. Which aircraft require a type rating is decided by the local aviation authority. Almost all single engine piston (SEP) or multi engine piston (MEP) single pilot aircraft can be flown without a type rating, but are covered by a class rating instead. In the United States, all turbojets require a type rating. Aircraft with a maximum take-off weight of more than 12,500 pounds (5,700 kg) typically require a type rating.
There are seven categories of aircraft, which contain the following classes:
|Airplane||Single-engine land (ASEL)||Lighter-than-air||Airship|
|Multiengine land (AMEL)||Balloon|
|Single-engine sea (ASES)||Powered-lift||—|
|Multiengine sea (AMES)||Powered parachute||Powered parachute land|
|Rotorcraft||Helicopter||Powered parachute sea|
|Gyroplane||Weight-shift-control aircraft||Weight-shift-control aircraft land|
|Glider||—||Weight-shift-control aircraft sea|
A Mars water bomber, one of the largest multi-engine sea-class aircraft
An airship class aircraft in the aerostat category, a Zeppelin NT
An example of a glider class aircraft, a Schweizer SGS 2-33
An example of a rotorcraft class aircraft, a CH-149 Cormorant helicopter
An example of a very large multi-engine class aircraft, a C-17 Globemaster III
An example of a jet fighter aircraft, a CF-18 Hornet
- "What's your type?". www.aopa.org. AOPA. 6 May 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2022.