Clayton Ruby

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Clayton Ruby
60th Treasurer of the Law Society of Upper Canada
In office
Preceded byGeorge Douglas Hunter
Succeeded byGavin MacKenzie
Personal details
Clayton Charles Ruby

(1942-02-06) February 6, 1942 (age 80)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Clayton Charles Ruby CM (born February 6, 1942) is a Canadian lawyer and activist, specializing in constitutional and criminal law and civil rights.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Toronto, Ontario,[1] Ruby received a Bachelor of Arts degree from York University in 1963. He earned a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Toronto in 1969, and was called to the bar in 1969. In 1973, he earned a Master of Laws from the University of California, Berkeley.


From 1976 to 2008 he was a partner with the law firm of Ruby & Edwardh with Marlys Edwardh. Since 2007, he has been a partner with the law firm of Ruby Shiller Chan Hasan in Toronto, Ontario.

In 1991, Ruby was part of the legal team used by the Church of Scientology to defend itself and nine of its members who were on trial for stealing documents concerning Scientology from the Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, the Canadian Mental Health Association, two police forces and other institutions. The case stemmed from a surprise raid of the Church of Scientology's Toronto headquarters in 1983 by more than a hundred policeman who seized an estimated 250,000 documents over the course of two days.[2][3] Legal maneuvers used by Ruby delayed the case for many years and he later unsuccessfully attempted to get the case dismissed because of "unreasonable delay."[2] On June 25, 1992, seven church members were convicted for operations against the Ontario Provincial Police, the Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The Church of Scientology itself was convicted on two counts of breach of the public trust (infiltration of the offices of the Ontario Provincial Police and the Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General) and was ordered to pay a $250,000 fine.[4][5]

In 2006, Ruby was made a Member of the Order of Canada.

In late 2005, Ruby became the acting Treasurer, or elected head, of the Law Society of Upper Canada, the body responsible for regulating the Province of Ontario. On February 23, 2006, however, Ruby was defeated in a special election and ceased to be Treasurer.[6]

In 2012, Ruby represented a plaintiff who attempted to oust Mayor Rob Ford of Toronto in a high-profile conflict of interest case, which the plaintiff and Ruby won. The mayor subsequently launched an appeal.[7] On January 25, 2012, Ford won the appeal and remained in office.

In 2013, Ruby successfully argued for the former Ontario Deputy Minister of Education Ben Levin's release on $100,000 bail.[8] Ruby told reporters "(Ben Levin) is a man who has made enormous contributions to the educational system in this province, and indeed with changes that have been copied around the world, And I intend to work very hard to see that he shall be innocent." Ben Levin was charged with one count of making child pornography, one count of counselling to commit an indictable offence, 2 counts of distributing child pornography and agreeing to, or arranging, a sexual offence against a child under 16.[9] Levin was eventually sentenced to three years in prison on the aforementioned charges.[10]

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Madam Justice Harriet Sachs of the Superior Court of Justice of Ontario.

Clayton Ruby's father, Louis Ruby, was publisher of Flash Weekly a crusading Toronto tabloid and scandal sheet that ran from the late 1930s until the 1970s.


Some of Ruby's high-profile clients have been the following:


  1. ^ Canadian Who's Who Search. Grey House Publishing Canada.
  2. ^ a b Behar, Richard (6 May 1991). Pushing Beyond the U.S.: Scientology makes its presence felt in Europe and Canada. Time (Intl ed.). p. 52. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  3. ^ Reynolds, W. Richard (23 April 1991). "Scientology church on trial in Canada". St. Petersburg Times. p. 8.A. Retrieved 2006-09-05.
  4. ^ Full text of the 1996 appeal decision from CanLII Archived 2012-07-29 at 1996 CanLII 1650 (ON C.A.)
  5. ^ Morgan, Lucy (29 March 1999). "Abroad: Critics public and private keep pressure on Scientology". St. Petersburg Times.
  6. ^ The Law Society of Upper Canada, List of Law Society Treasurers Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  7. ^ Rider, David (27 November 2012). "Rob Ford's appeal will be filed 'in the next couple of days'". Toronto Star. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  8. ^ Pagliaro, Jennifer (10 July 2013). "Benjamin Levin granted $100,000 bail, charged with two more child porn offences". Toronto Star. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Child porn charges for Toronto prof, ex-adviser to Ont. premier". CBC. Toronto. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  10. ^ "Benjamin Levin sentenced to 3 years in prison on child porn charges". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Newswire Services".
  12. ^ Reynolds, W. Richard (23 April 1991). "Scientology church on trial in Canada". St. Petersburg Times. p. 8.A. Retrieved 5 September 2006.

External links[edit]