Cleveland (UK Parliament constituency)

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Cleveland
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885–February 1974
Number of members 1
Replaced by Cleveland and Whitby
Created from North Riding of Yorkshire

Cleveland was a county constituency in the North Riding of Yorkshire.

Electorate[edit]

It returned one Member of Parliament to the British House of Commons, using the first past the post voting system. All elections were conducted with a secret ballot, which had been introduced under the Ballot Act 1872.

The franchise was initially restricted, and extended on several occasions:

History[edit]

Cleveland Constituency 1918-1948

The Cleveland constituency was created when the North Riding of Yorkshire constituency was divided by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and Cleveland then covered the northern tip of the North Riding.

In 1918 it was redefined in terms of local government areas, and covered part of Guisborough Rural District and the Middlesbrough Rural District, along with the urban districts of Eston, Guisborough, Hinderwell, Loftus, Redcar, Saltburn by the Sea and Skelton and Brotton. In 1948 it was redefined again to cover Eston, Guisborough, Loftus, Redcar, Saltburn and Marske by the Sea and Skelton and Brotton; the new boundaries were first used for the 1950 general election. As such it was a socially mixed constituency throughout its existence, containing working class Middlesbrough suburbs and ironstone mining villages as well as middle class resorts and agricultural communities.

It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.

It was replaced by the new Redcar and Cleveland & Whitby constituencies.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 constituency created
1885 Henry Fell Pease Liberal
1897 by-election Alfred Edward Pease Liberal
1902 by-election Herbert Samuel Liberal
1918 Sir Park Goff Coalition Conservative
1923 Sir Charles Walter Starmer Liberal
1924 Sir Park Goff Unionist
1929 William Thomas Mansfield Labour
1931 Robert Tatton Bower Conservative
1945 Octavius George Willey Labour
1952 by-election Arthur Palmer Labour
1959 Wilfred Proudfoot Conservative
1964 James Tinn Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Cleveland & Whitby

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Henry Pease
General Election 1885: Cleveland[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease 6,948 70.9 n/a
Conservative Guy Dawnay 2,845 29.1 n/a
Majority 4,103 41.8 n/a
Turnout 83.1 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Cleveland[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Arthur Dorman
General Election 1892: Cleveland[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease 4,397 52.1 n/a
Conservative Arthur Dorman 4,049 47.9 n/a
Majority 348 4.2 n/a
Turnout 76.3 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Cleveland[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease 4,762 53.3 +1.2
Conservative Robert Ropner 4,175 46.7 -1.2
Majority 587 6.6 +2.4
Turnout 81.3
Liberal hold Swing +1.2
Cleveland by-election, 1897[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Pease 5,508 57.4 +4.1
Conservative Robert Ropner 4,080 42.6 -4.1
Turnout 83.7 +2.4
Majority 1,428 14.8 +8.2
Liberal hold Swing +4.1

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Cleveland[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Pease unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Geoffrey Drage
Cleveland by-election, 1902[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 5,834 60.6 n/a
Conservative Geoffrey Drage 3,798 39.4 n/a
Turnout 77.9 n/a
Majority 2,036 21.2 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Herbert Samuel
General Election 1906: Cleveland[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Cleveland by-election, 1909[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 6,296 54.2 n/a
Conservative James Windsor Lewis 5,325 45.8 n/a
Majority 8.4 n/a
Turnout 83.5 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Cleveland[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 7,484 57.7
Conservative James Windsor Lewis 5,491 42.3
Majority 1,993 15.4
Turnout 87.6
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election December 1910: Cleveland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 6,870 56.3 -1.4
Conservative James Windsor Lewis 5,343 43.7 +1.4
Majority 1,527 12.6 -2.8
Turnout 82.5 -5.1
Liberal hold Swing -1.4

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Cleveland by-election, 1915[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 7,312 83.4
Independent R Knight 1,453 16.6 n/a
Majority 5,859 66.8
Turnout 53.4
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 8,701
Labour Harry Dack 8,610
Liberal Herbert Samuel 7,089
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Park Goff 13,369 37.7
Liberal Charles Starmer 11,668 32.8
Labour Harry Dack 10,843 29.5
Majority
Turnout 4.9
Unionist hold Swing
Charles Starmer
General Election 1923: Cleveland [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Starmer 13,326 38.2 +5.4
Unionist Park Goff 11,855 34.0 -3.7
Labour Robert Dennison 9,683 27.8 -1.7
Majority 1,471 4.2 9.1
Turnout 80.4
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +4.6
General Election 1924: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Park Goff 16,578 43.6
Labour William Mansfield 11,153 29.4
Liberal Charles Starmer 10,260 27.0
Majority 14.2
Turnout 86.3
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Mansfield 16,938 36.3 +6.9
Unionist Park Goff 15,255 32.6 -11.0
Liberal Charles Starmer 14,938 31.1 +4.1
Majority 1,683 3.7 17.9
Turnout
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Bower 30,608 60.41
Labour William Mansfield 20,060 39.59
Majority 10,548 20.82
Turnout 85.92
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Bower 26,508 52.72
Labour William Mansield 23,776 47.28
Majority 2,732 5.43
Turnout 81.15
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Willey 27,660 48.95
Conservative Robert Bower 19,739 34.93
Liberal Matthew Robinson Shawcross 9,108 16.12
Majority 7,921 14.02
Turnout 76.05
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Willey 28,940 51.43
Conservative Edward Charles Peake 21,332 37.91
Liberal Arthur Laurence Braithwaite Childe 5,996 10.66
Majority 7,608 13.52
Turnout 85.79
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Willey 31,237 54.81
Conservative Patrick Wall 25,756 45.19
Majority 5,481 9.62
Turnout 85.11
Labour hold Swing
Cleveland by-election, 1952[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Arthur Palmer 25,985 54.09 -0.72
Conservative Patrick Wall 22,064 45.92 +0.72
Majority 3,921 8.16 -1.46
Turnout 48.049
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1955: Cleveland [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Arthur Palmer 27,649 50.15
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 27,468 49.84
Majority 181 0.33
Turnout 80.81
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1959: Cleveland[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 30,445 51.40
Labour Co-op Arthur Palmer 28,790 48.60
Majority 1,655 2.79
Turnout 83.10
Conservative gain from Labour Co-op Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Tinn 28,596 44.61
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 24,124 37.63
Liberal John W Stevens 11,387 17.76
Majority 4,472 6.98
Turnout 83.59
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1966: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Tinn 34,303 53.64
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 22,423 35.06
Liberal Michael Ford Pitts 7,229 11.30
Majority 11,880 18.58
Turnout 81.13
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Tinn 36,213 53.77
Conservative Peter Coles Price 31,130 46.23
Majority 5,083 7.55
Turnout 72.94
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ The Times, 7 November 1902 p8
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  14. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1955
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.