Clifford K. Berryman
|Clifford K. Berryman|
April 2, 1869|
|Died||December 11, 1949
|"Remember the Maine"
"Drawing the Line in Mississippi"
|Awards||Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning, 1944|
|Spouse(s)||Kate Geddes Durfee (m. 1893)|
Clifford Kennedy Berryman (April 2, 1869 – December 11, 1949) was a Pulitzer Prize–winning cartoonist with the Washington Star newspaper from 1907 to 1949. He was previously a cartoonist for The Washington Post from 1891 to 1907.
During his career, Berryman drew thousands of cartoons commenting on American presidents and politics. Political figures he lampooned included former Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman. He is particularly known for his cartoons "Remember the Maine" and "Drawing the Line in Mississippi."
Berryman was a prominent figure in Washington, D.C., and President Harry S. Truman once told him, "You are ageless and timeless. Presidents, senators and even Supreme Court justices come and go, but the Monument and Berryman stand." Berryman's cartoons can be found at the Library of Congress, the National Archives, and George Washington University, as well as archives that house presidential collections.
Early life and education
Berryman was born on April 2, 1869, in Clifton, Kentucky, to James Thomas Berryman and Sallie Church Berryman. Berryman's father often entertained friends and neighbors with drawings of "hillbillies" from their hometown; Clifford inherited his father's knack for drawing.
Berryman was appointed draftsman to the United States Patent Office in Washington, D.C. from 1886 to 1891. During his tenure, Berryman submitted sketches to The Washington Post, and in 1891, he became an understudy of the Post's political cartoonist George Y. Coffin. After Coffin died in 1896, Berryman took over the Post's cartoonist position.
As a political cartoonist, Berryman satirized both Democrats and Republicans, and covered topics such as drought, farm relief, and food prices; representation of the District of Columbia in Congress; labor strikes and legislation; campaigning and elections; political patronage; European coronations; the America's Cup; and the atomic bomb.
In 1898, during the Spanish–American War, The Post printed Berryman's classic illustration "Remember the Maine," which became the battle-cry for American sailors during the War. His November 16, 1902, cartoon, "Drawing the Line in Mississippi," depicted President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub. The cartoon inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create a new toy and call it the teddy bear.
He drew political cartoons for the Star until his death in 1949.
Personal life and death
Berryman married Kate Geddes Durfee in July, 1893, and they had three children: Mary Belle (who died as an infant), Florence Seville (she later became an art critic), and James Thomas (who himself became a Pulitzer Prize–winning cartoonist).
Berryman was a Presbyterian and an active member of the Washington Heights Presbyterian Church.
In 1944, Berryman was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning for his drawing "Where is the Boat Going." The cartoon depicted President Franklin D. Roosevelt and other government officials trying to steer the USS Mississippi in several different directions.
Clifford K. and James T. Berryman Award for Editorial Cartooning
Since 1989 the National Press Foundation has presented the Clifford K. and James T. Berryman Award for Editorial Cartooning annually. Previous winners include Chip Bok (1993), Jim Morin (1996), Kevin Kallaugher (2002), Rex Babin (2003), Steve Sack (2006), Matt Wuerker (2010), Nick Anderson (2011), Adam Zyglis (2013), and Clay Bennett (2014).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clifford Berryman.|
William Jennings Bryan reading news from war fronts (1914)
A comedic representation of the debate about the income tax in the United States
The "lame ducks" are defeated Democrats heading to the White House hoping to secure political appointments from President Woodrow Wilson.
- The Washington Post
- George Washington University
- Theodore Roosevelt Association: Teddy Bear
- Guide to the Clifford K. Berryman cartoon collection, 1899–1949 Collection number MS2024, Special Collections Research Center, Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University, accessed April 2011
- "National Figures Among Hundreds at Berryman Rites". The Evening Star. December 13, 1949. p. 2.
- "CLIFFORD K. & JAMES T. BERRYMAN AWARD FOR EDITORIAL CARTOONS," National Press Foundation website. Accessed Jan. 17, 2016.
- Smithsonian Archives of American Art: Berryman Family Papers
- Clifford K. Berryman Digital Collection, Special Collections Research Center, Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, George Washington University
- Berryman Teddy Bear Cartoons, Almanac of Theodore Roosevelt