Clint Murchison Jr.
|Clint Murchison Jr.|
|Born||Clinton William Murchison Jr.
September 12, 1923
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
|Died||March 30, 1987
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
|Resting place||Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery, North Dallas|
|Residence||Dallas, Texas, Spanish Cay, Abaco Islands, Bahamas|
|Education||Duke University, MIT|
|Known for||Dallas Cowboys|
|Board member of||Dallas Cowboys,
|Spouse(s)||1) Jane Catherine Coleman
2) Anne Ferrell Brandt
|Children||3 sons, 1 daughter|
|Parent(s)||Clint Murchison Sr.
& Anne Morris
John Murchison (1921–1979)
Burk Murchison (1925–1936)
A son of Clint Murchison Sr. who made his first fortune in oil exploration and became notorious for exploiting the sale of "hot oil", Junior and his surviving brother inherited their father's wealth and business interests to which Clint Jr. added ventures of his own. These included the establishment of the NFL Dallas Cowboys franchise and financing the offshore pirate radio station called Radio Nord.
Murchison had two brothers, John D. Murchison (1921–1979) and Burk Murchison (1925–1936), who died at age ten from a childhood disease. His mother died when he was two and he was mainly raised by an aunt. He attended school at Lawrenceville Prep and then became a student at Duke University where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa in electrical engineering. He received a master's degree in mathematics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Following the death of his father Clint Murchison Sr., John and Clint Jr. inherited the wealth that their father had created. They began doing business as the Murchison Brothers in the late 1940's from an office in Dallas, Texas. Their inherited interests included the Daisy Manufacturing Company (manufacturing a BB gun); the Centex Corporation; Field and Stream magazine; Henry Holt and Company (later known as Holt, Rinehart, and Winston); Delhi Oil and a marine construction company known as Tecon Corporation.
In 1952, Murchison joined a syndicate that included Everette Lee DeGolyer and Jack Crichton, both of Dallas, to use connections in the government of General Francisco Franco to obtain drilling rights in Spain. The operation was handled by Delta Drilling, owned by Joe Zeppa.
Dallas Cowboys founding owner
In 1960, the National Football League approved a franchise for Dallas, and Murchison, along with Bedford Wynne, was the franchisee or license holder. A motivating factor in the NFL's decision to award a license for Dallas was the establishment of the American Football League (AFL) by Lamar Hunt, another Dallas area businessman. Hunt, in helping create the AFL, established a professional football presence in Dallas, and the NFL realized the urgency with which they needed to address a potential market gain by the upstart league and a loss for the established organization.
For the most part, Murchison was a hands-off owner, delegating a great deal of operational control of the Cowboys to General Manager Tex Schramm, Coach Tom Landry and Scouting/Personnel Director Gil Brandt. His general attitude was to hire experts and let them execute the aspect of the business that fell in their expertise. Hence, Landry enjoyed absolute authority over the day-to-day running of the actual team; Brandt was unhindered in the area of drafting and scouting players, and Schramm oversaw many of the team's day to day administrative concerns. This laissez faire attitude has been credited by many Cowboys fans as the driving force in the team's 20 consecutive winning seasons from 1966–1985. By not interfering with his coaches and staff, Murchison did not create an atmosphere of second guessing and arguments over player selection or credit for the team's success.
In 1984, Murchison sold the Dallas Cowboys to an investment syndicate led by Bum Bright, a Dallas area businessman who had a background in banking/financial services and in oil/gas production. Bright in turn sold the Cowboys to Jerry Jones in 1989 following several losing seasons.
Murchison funded radio entrepreneur Gordon McLendon to create a floating commercial (pirate radio) station called Radio Nord aboard the motor vessel Bon Jour, anchored in the Stockholm archipelago. Murchison and McLendon remained in the shadows and allowed Murchison's long-time friend Robert F. Thompson to take credit for actual ownership while day-to-day management was vested in Swedish-Finnish businessman Jack S. Kotschack.
Radio Nord broadcast in Swedish for 16 months, between March 8, 1961 and June 30, 1962. With its mix of popular music, DJ's and news, Radio Nord became very popular. Despite politics and religious issues being banned at the station, it was stopped when the Swedish government introduced new legislation in the spring of 1962, criminalizing the act of buying commercials on the station.
The ship Bon Jour was later renamed Mi Amigo, and after docking for almost a year in Galveston, Texas she sailed for southern England to become Radio Atlanta (McLendon began his radio career in the small town of Atlanta, Texas). The station was not a financial success, and joined forces with the Caroline organization to become the southern station of Radio Caroline. Within a short period of time the "Project Atlanta" people sold out completely to the Caroline group.
Murchison ran into financial difficulties as a result of questionable investments and mismanagement at a time when the real estate market was collapsing, at the same time as a sharp decrease in the price of oil. In February 1985, he had to file for personal bankruptcy protection after three creditors, the Toronto-Dominion Bank, the Kona-Post Corporation and Citicorp, filed a petition to force him into bankruptcy. Lawyers involved in the case called it one of the largest personal bankruptcy cases in United States history.
Murchison fought a nerve disease and was in a wheelchair in his final years. He died of pneumonia in 1987 at age 63 in Dallas, and is buried at Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in North Dallas.
- "Dallas Cowboys founder dies". Times-News. Hendersonville, North Carolina. Associated Press. April 1, 1987. p. 18.
- Frank, Peter H. (April 1, 1987). "C.W. Murchison Jr. dies in Texas at 63". New York Times. (obituary). Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- "Jack Alston Crichton". spartacus.schoolnet.co. Retrieved April 8, 2010.
- Patoski, Joe Nick (2012). The Dallas Cowboys: The Outrageous History of the Biggest, Loudest, Most Hated, Best Loved Football Team in America. Little Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0316077552.
- The Murchisons - the rise and fall of a Texas dynastry, by Jane Wolfe. St.Martin's Press, New York, 1989. ISBN 0-312-03404-0
- Time magazine, June 16, 1961 - Cover story.
- The Big Rich - the rise and fall of the greatest Texas oil fortunes, by Bryan Burrough. The Penguin Press, New York, 2009. ISBN 978-1-59420-199-8
- Dallas Morning News - March 31, April 1, 3, 1987.
- Clint: Clint Williams Murchison, Ernestine O. Van Buren. Eakin Press, Austin, 1986.