Atlanta, Texas

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Atlanta, Texas
E Main Street in Atlanta
E Main Street in Atlanta
Location of Atlanta, Texas
Location of Atlanta, Texas
Cass County Atlanta.svg
Coordinates: 33°7′6″N 94°10′0″W / 33.11833°N 94.16667°W / 33.11833; -94.16667Coordinates: 33°7′6″N 94°10′0″W / 33.11833°N 94.16667°W / 33.11833; -94.16667
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyCass
Government
 • TypeStrong City Manager form of Government, Home Rule Charter
 • MayorTravis Ransom
Area
 • Total12.65 sq mi (32.77 km2)
 • Land12.50 sq mi (32.37 km2)
 • Water0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)
Elevation
259 ft (79 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,433
 • Density430/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75551
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-04516[2]
GNIS feature ID1372354[3]
Websiteatlantatexas.org

Atlanta is a city in Cass County, northeastern Texas, United States. According to the 2010 U.S. census, the city had a population of 5,675,[4] which decreased to 5,433 in 2020.[5]

History[edit]

Atlanta was established in 1872 with the building of the Texas and Pacific Railway and was named for Atlanta, Georgia, former home of many early settlers; a post office was opened that same year. Atlanta, Texas is now the second largest Atlanta in the nation. Other "Atlantas" exist in Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and elsewhere. Atlanta, Texas is known as "Hometown, USA".

By 1885 the community had 1,500 residents, who had founded three white and two black churches, two schools, a bank, several sawmills, a number of general stores, and a weekly newspaper, the Citizens' Journal. Lumbering was the chief industry. The lumber boom reached its peak around 1890, when the population was 1,764. When the community was incorporated in 1929, it had 1,900 residents and 105 businesses.

The onset of the Great Depression in the 1930s forced many businesses to close, and in 1936 Atlanta had 85 rated businesses. The opening of the Rodessa oilfield in 1935, however, helped mitigate the worst effects of the Depression. By 1940 the town had modern canneries, lumber mills, wholesale houses, a brick plant, a hospital, and a population of 2,453. Subsequently, Atlanta grew steadily, topping the 4,000 mark for the first time in the early 1960s. In 1990 the population was 6,118. By 2000 the population had dropped to 5,745. Principal industries include farming, forestry, oil, and tourism.

Geography[edit]

Atlanta is the largest city in Cass county and is located in eastern Cass County at 33°7′6″N 94°10′0″W / 33.11833°N 94.16667°W / 33.11833; -94.16667 (33.118228, –94.166537).[6] It is bordered to the north by Queen City.

U.S. Route 59 bypasses the city to the west, leading north 25 miles (40 km) to Texarkana and southwest 14 miles (23 km) to Linden. Texas State Highway 77 passes through the southern side of the city, leading southeast 10 miles (16 km) to the Louisiana border and northwest 13 miles (21 km) to Douglassville. Texas State Highway 43 passes through the center of Atlanta and leads south 47 miles (76 km) to Marshall.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Atlanta has a total area of 12.7 square miles (32.8 km2), of which 12.5 square miles (32.4 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.19%, is water.[7]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Atlanta has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880396
18901,764345.5%
19001,301−26.2%
19101,60423.3%
19201,469−8.4%
19301,68514.7%
19402,45345.6%
19503,78254.2%
19604,0767.8%
19705,00722.8%
19806,27225.3%
19906,118−2.5%
20005,745−6.1%
20105,675−1.2%
20205,433−4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
Atlanta racial composition as of 2020[10]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 3,277 60.32%
Black or African American (NH) 1,602 29.49%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 17 0.31%
Asian (NH) 33 0.61%
Pacific Islander (NH) 3 0.06%
Some Other Race (NH) 26 0.48%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 187 3.44%
Hispanic or Latino 288 5.3%
Total 5,433

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,433 people, 2,118 households, and 1,466 families residing in the city.

As of the census of 2010,[2] there were 5,745 people, 2,254 households, and 1,571 families residing in the city. The population density was 525.4 people per square mile (202.9/km2). There were 2,556 housing units at an average density of 233.8 per square mile (90.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 68.13% White, 29.23% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 2,254 households, of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,188, and the median income for a family was $32,679. Males had a median income of $29,286 versus $19,715 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,013. About 19.0% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.4% of those under age 18 and 19.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Most of Atlanta is served by the Atlanta Independent School District, which operates Atlanta High School. A portion is instead zoned to Queen City Independent School District,[13] which operates Queen City High School.

Atlanta is also served by Texarkana College and Texas A&M-Texarkana.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "State and County Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 3, 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  5. ^ "2020 Race and Population Totals". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Atlanta city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Atlanta, Texas
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-24.
  11. ^ www.census.gov
  12. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  13. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Cass County, TX" (PDF). 2010 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[11][12]

External links[edit]