Writing in 1807 the antiquarian George Chalmers recorded the existence of a hillfort on the top of the hill, with "a strong earth rampart and a ditch 12ft wide, enclosing an area of more than 6 acres." He further noted "a small 'post' with bank and ditch enclosing an area 10ft square" lying to the south. The Ordnance Survey recorded the hill as the site of a "British Camp" in 1938, but by 1963 no obvious trace of a fort remained. The existence of the hillfort, which extended to 3.6 hectares (8.9 acres), was confirmed in 2017.
What marked it out were three features. It was an enterprise capable of accommodating a much larger clientele; some 65 visitors were in residence in the first July. Secondly, as the visitor's lists show, the clientele was drawn from the immediate locality and further afield: Edinburgh and Glasgow in the main, but also locations like Cheshire and the Isle of Wight. Third, the size of the venture required a high level of capitalization and consequently the promotion was handled through a limited company rather than private partnerships.
After being commandeered for troop use during World War II it reopened in 1947 under North British Hotels Ltd. as the Cluny Hill Hotel. By 1975 it was deemed unprofitable and was sold to the Findhorn Foundation for £60,000. The new owners renamed it Cluny Hill College.
- Doune of Relugas - a small hillfort near Conicavel
- Dunearn - a larger hillfort further up the Findhorn valley at Dulsie Bridge.
- "Cluny Hill". Canmore. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Isaksen, Leif (2017) The Hilltop Enclosure on Cluny Hill, Forres description, destruction, disappearance". Lancaster University. Retrieved 28 May 2018. p. 37
- Bradley, James; Dupree, Mageurite; Durie, Alastair (1997), "Taking the Water Cure: The Hydropathic Movement in Scotland, 1840-1940" (PDF), Business and Economic History, 26 (2): 426–437, retrieved 2009-11-17
- Bradley, James; Dupree, Mageurite; Durie, Alastair (1997), p.429
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