COROT-9b

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COROT-9b
Exoplanet List of exoplanets
Exoplanet Comparison CoRoT-9 b.png
Size comparison of COROT-9b with Jupiter.
Parent star
Star COROT-9
Constellation Serpens
Right ascension (α) 18h 43m 09s
Declination (δ) +06° 12′ 15″
Apparent magnitude (mV) 13.7
Distance 1,452 ± 94 ly
(445.3±28.9[1] pc)
Spectral type G3V
Mass (m) 0.96±0.04[2] M
Radius (r) 0.96±0.06[2] R
Temperature (T) 5625±80[3] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.01±0.06[3]
Orbital elements
Semi-major axis (a) 0.407 ± 0.005 AU
Eccentricity (e) 0.11 ± 0.04
Orbital period (P) 95.2738 ± 0.0014 d
(~0.26084 y)
Inclination (i) > 89.9°
Argument of
periastron
(ω) 37+9
−37
°
Time of transit (Tt) 2,454,603.3447 ± 0.0001 JD
Physical characteristics
Mass (m) 0.84 ± 0.07 MJ
Radius (r) 1.05 ± 0.04 RJ
Density (ρ) 960 ± 170 kg m−3
Surface gravity (g) 1.93 ± 0.33 g
Temperature (T) 250–430 K (−23–157 °C; −10–314 °F)
Discovery information
Discovery date March 17, 2010
Discoverer(s) Deeg et al.
Discovery method Transit
Other detection methods Radial velocity
Discovery site COROT spacecraft
Discovery status Confirmed[3]
Database references
Extrasolar Planets
Encyclopaedia
data
SIMBAD data
Exoplanet Archive data
Open Exoplanet Catalogue data

COROT-9b is an exoplanet orbiting the star COROT-9, approximately 1500 light years away in the constellation Serpens.[3] COROT-9b's distance of nearest approach to its parent star of approximately 0.36 AU was the largest of all known transiting planets at the time of its discovery, with an orbital period of 95 days. The transit of this planet lasts 8 hours. The planet is at a distance from its star where there is a strong increase in albedo as the temperature decreases, because of the condensation of reflective water clouds in the atmosphere. This suggests its atmosphere may be locked into one of two states: a cloudless state with temperatures between 380 K (107 °C; 224 °F) and 430 K (157 °C; 314 °F), or covered in water clouds with a temperature in the range 250 K (−23 °C; −10 °F) to 290 K (17 °C; 62 °F).[3]

Discovery[edit]

COROT-9b was discovered by combining observations from the CoRoT satellite, which looks for a small dip in starlight as a planet passes in front of its parent star, and radial velocity measurements from the European Southern Observatory's High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS) instrument on the 3.6 m Telescope. Its presence was confirmed by observations from several telescopes from the ESO.[4] This discovery was announced in 2010 on St. Patrick's Day, after 145 days of continuous observations in summer 2008.[5]

Mass and size[edit]

COROT-9b has a mass of 0.84 times that of Jupiter (MJ) as determined from HARPS spectroscopy, and has a radius of 1.05 times that of Jupiter (RJ) as determined from photometry of the transit light curve. This implies that this planet has a density of 96% that of water, and surface gravity 1.93 times that of Earth.[3] A search for rings and satellites around this planet with the Spitzer space telescope was negative.[6]

Atmosphere and interior[edit]

Since COROT-9b is the first temperate giant exoplanet found by the transit method, astronomers will be able to study the atmosphere of a temperate giant planet for the first time,[5] examining the composition of clouds, the composition of the atmosphere, temperature distributions, and even some details of the interior of the planet. The atmosphere of this planet is presumably dominated by hydrogen and helium (like Jupiter and Saturn), with up to 20 Earth masses of other elements including water, as well as rock at high temperatures and pressures.[5] The authors of the COROT-9b discovery paper refer to the planet as a class II ("water cloud") or class III ("clear") atmosphere planet, as described by the Sudarsky extrasolar planet classification.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evans, D. F; et al. (2016). "High-resolution Imaging of Transiting Extrasolar Planetary systems (HITEP)". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 589. A58. arXiv:1603.03274Freely accessible. Bibcode:2016A&A...589A..58E. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527970. 
  2. ^ a b Bonomo, A. S.; et al. (2017). "A deeper view of the CoRoT-9 planetary system". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 603. A43. arXiv:1703.06477Freely accessible. Bibcode:2017A&A...603A..43B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201730624. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Deeg, H. J; et al. (2010). "A transiting giant planet with a temperature between 250 K and 430 K". Nature. 464 (7287): 384–387. Bibcode:2010Natur.464..384D. doi:10.1038/nature08856. PMID 20237564. 
  4. ^ New exoplanet like 'one of ours' (BBC, March 17, 2010)
  5. ^ a b c "First temperate exoplanet sized up". 2010-03-17. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  6. ^ Lecavelier Des Etangs, A.; et al. (2017). "Search for rings and satellites around the exoplanet CoRoT-9b using Spitzer photometry". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 603. A115. arXiv:1705.01836Freely accessible. Bibcode:2017A&A...603A.115L. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201730554. 

External links[edit]

Media related to CoRoT-9 b at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: Sky map 18h 43m 09s, +06° 12′ 15″