The city was destroyed by an earthquake on 13 August 1868, and a tsunami on 9 May 1877 but it was revived with the discovery of ore in Caracoles. At the end of the War of the Pacific in 1884, the city and the entire coastal province of Bolivia was annexed by Chile. In a treaty signed in 1904 Bolivia recognised the loss of Cobija.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cobija". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 612.
- Lofstrom, W. (1974). Cobija, Bolivia's First Outlet to the Sea. The Americas, 31, 185-205
- Cobija, en Tocopilla
- Moreno, Teresa; Gibbons, Wes (eds.). The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society.
- Davis, J. S., Barta, B., & Hubbard, C. (2003). Lonely Planet guide to Chile & Easter Island.