Cocaine Anonymous (CA) is a twelve-step program for people who seek recovery from drug addiction. It is patterned very closely after Alcoholics Anonymous, although the two groups are unaffiliated. While many CA members have been addicted to cocaine, crack, speed or similar substances, identifying specifically as a cocaine addict is not required.
CA uses the book Alcoholics Anonymous as its basic text. Complementing this are the CA Storybook, Hope, Faith and Courage: Stories from the Fellowship of Cocaine Anonymous. and the AA book Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions.
CA was formed in Los Angeles in 1982 by Johnny Segal. He worked in the film industry and saw a number of people who had difficulty finding help from anyone knowledgeable about the special difficulties presented by cocaine addiction. Co-Anon (formerly CocAnon) is a program for families of cocaine users, analogous to Al-Anon for the friends and family of alcoholics.
- Cocaine Anonymous (2007-11-13). "And All Other Mind-Altering Substances". Archived from the original on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
- Alcoholics Anonymous (1976-06-01). Alcoholics Anonymous. Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. ISBN 0-916856-59-3. OCLC 32014950.
- Cocaine Anonymous (January 1993). Hope, Faith and Courage: Stories from the Fellowship of Cocaine Anonymous. Los Angeles, California: Cocaine Anonymous World Services. ISBN 0-9638193-1-3. OCLC 32014453.
- Alcoholics Anonymous (2002-02-10). Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions. Hazelden. ISBN 0-916856-01-1. OCLC 13572433.
- Cohen, Sidney (1985). The Substance Abuse Problems. New York, New York: Haworth Press. ISBN 0-86656-368-7. OCLC 6666765.
- Crits-Christoph, P.; Gibbons, M. B. C.; Barber, J. P.; Gallop, R.; Beck, A. T.; Mercer, D.; et al. (2003-11-01). "Mediators of outcome of psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 71 (5): 918–925. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.71.5.918. PMID 14516240.
- Maude-Griffin, P. M.; Hohenstein, J. M.; Humfleet, G. L.; Reilly, P. M.; Tusel, D. J.; & Hall, S. M. (1997-11-01). "Superior efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for urban crack cocaine abusers: Main and matching effects". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 66 (5): 832–837. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.66.5.832. PMID 9803702.
- Weiss, R. D.; Griffin, M. L.; Gallop, R. J.; Najavits, L. M.; Frank, A.; Crits-Christoph, P.; et al. (2005-02-01). "The effect of 12-step self-help group attendance and participation on drug use outcomes among cocaine-dependent patients". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 77 (2): 177–184. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.08.012. PMID 15664719.